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CahokiaA World Renewal Cult Heterarchy$
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A. Martin Byers

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780813029580

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813029580.001.0001

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Integrating the Floodplain and Upland Mortuary Records

Integrating the Floodplain and Upland Mortuary Records

(p.373) 14 Integrating the Floodplain and Upland Mortuary Records

A. Martin Byers

University Press of Florida

This chapter aims to use both the new data and the interpretations made for American Bottom archaeology in order to reassess earlier mortuary discussions, which were primarily based on the mortuary data available prior to these new materials. While Donald Booth, Thomas Emerson, Eva Hargrave, and Kristin Hedman interpret these materials to bolster the hierarchical monistic modular polity account, in radical contrast, this chapter uses these same data to confirm the view that Cahokia was a world renewal cult heterarchy model—as postulated under the heterarchical polyistic locale-centric account. Starting with the early Mississippian period record and then the later Mississippian period record, it applies the hermeneutic spiral method by first outlining these new data and their hierarchical monistic modular polity account interpretations. It follows this with a critique of the latter. Then, while making the necessary modification in the earlier interpretation that these new data allow and require—particularly the changes in dating—it demonstrates that these same data can be more coherently understood when viewed in terms of the set of models.

Keywords:   American Bottom, archaeology, mortuary, Donald Booth, Thomas Emerson, Eva Hargrave, Kristin Hedman, floodplain

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