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Cahokia$
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A. Martin Byers

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780813029580

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813029580.001.0001

The Early Terminal Late Woodland Period Sponemann Community Development

Chapter:
(p.163) 7 The Early Terminal Late Woodland Period Sponemann Community Development
Source:
Cahokia
Author(s):

A. Martin Byers

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813029580.003.0007

This chapter interprets the Sponemann settlement pattern in developmental terms, as the working out over time of shifting proscriptive-prescriptive deontics arising from intensified cultivation and settlement as predicated under the Sacred Maize model. It begins by presenting the proscriptive/prescriptive settlement and subsistence dynamics. The chronological scheme of Communities 1 through 4 seems quite consistent with the predictions that flow from the Sacred Maize model. The chapter also discusses the Sponemann site ritual/ceremonial sphere. The interpretation of the Sponemann phase occupation is consistent with the Sacred Maize model in that it illustrates that the incorporation of maize as a major subsistence crop is correlated with the expansion of the population, the elaboration of world renewal ritual through the construction of a sequential series of keyhole structures, and the modification of the deontic ecological posture from a strongly proscriptive-settlement toward a less proscriptive-settlement orientation correlated with an intensifying prescriptive subsistence ceremonial orientation.

Keywords:   Sponemann community, settlement pattern, Terminal Late Woodland period, proscriptive-prescriptive deontics, Sacred Maize model, subsistence dynamics

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