Gender Equality and Democratization
This chapter concludes that while Cuba was perceived to be subjected under radical change after the dictator Batista was ousted from his political seat, it has been shown that the Cuban system of government remained in a static position and unchanged from the crisis of the early 1990s. The Cuban Women's Federation and the Communist Party remained as unchallenged hegemonic forces. The continued legitimacy of the regime was rooted in the revolution's record and the significant accomplishments achieved in the post-1959 period remained to have more weight in the eyes of the people than the hardships they had endured. The revolution was frayed but no credible alternatives were in sight. Although the revolution brought about a change in the perceived public and societal role of women, women at some point were always subjected to some forms of discrimination. While Cuba has policies that targeted the needs and rights of the women and that allows an active participation of women in the field of politics and decision-making, the high level of political participation in the Cuban governmental structure discloses a rather limited and constrained role of women in decision-making and politics where the traditional forms of gender inequality remains prevalent.
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