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U.S. Space-Launch Vehicle TechnologyViking to Space Shuttle$

J.D Hunley

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780813031781

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813031781.001.0001

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Archival and Private Sources

Archival and Private Sources

U.S. Space-Launch Vehicle Technology
University Press of Florida



    Air Force Flight Test Center History Office, Edwards AFB, Calif.


    Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, Ala.

  • CSD

    Chemical Systems Division, United Technologies Corporation, San Jose, Calif.

  • JPL

    Jet Propulsion Laboratory Archives, Pasadena, Calif.

  • LC/MD

    Library of Congress, Manuscripts Division, Washington, D.C.


    Marshall Space Flight Center History Office, Huntsville, Ala.

  • NA

    National Archives, Washington, D.C.; College Park, Md.; Laguna Niguel, Calif.

  • NASM

    Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Washington, D.C., and Silver Hill, Md.


    Naval Air Warfare Center, Weapons Division, China Lake, Calif., History Office

  • NHRC

    NASA Historical Reference Collection, NASA Headquarters, Washington, D.C.

  • OHI

    Oral history interview

  • PI

    Private interviews by author or others (to be donated to NHRC)

  • RATL

    Redstone Arsenal Technical Library, Huntsville, Ala.

  • SMC/HO

    [U.S. Air Force] Space and Missiles Systems Center History Office, Los Angeles AFB, Calif.

  • UP

    Unpublished papers (to be donated to NHRC)


6555th Aerospace Test Group. “Launch Evaluation Report, Titan IIIC—Vehicle No. C-25 (23C-7).” June 20, 1975. File K243.012–132. AFHRA.

———. “Preliminary Report, Launch of Titan IIIC 23C-12 (C-30), 15 Mar 76.”April 7,1976. File K243.012–134. AFHRA.

Adelman, Barnet. OHI by J. D. Hunley. 1996. PI.

(p.404) Aerojet. “Model Specification.” Rocket Propulsion System, Liquid Propellant, AGC Model No. AJ10–104. January 25, 1961. SMC/HO.

“Aerojet AJ10 Series.” General Collection, folder B7–020100–01. NASM.

AFBMD. See Ballistic Missile Division.

“The Air Force Ballistic Missile Division and the Able Programs.” November 27, 1959. “The Able Programs and AFBMD/STL” folder. SMC/HO.

Air Research and Development Command (ARDC). “Space System Development Plan, Able 3 and Able 4 (Earth Satellite, Lunar Satellite, Deep Space Probe) Program, NASA HS-6.” 1959. File K243.8636–17. AFHRA.

Alliant Techsystems. “Graphite Epoxy Motor (GEM).” N.d. General Collection, folder B7–031800–01. NASM.

Altman, David. OHI by J. D. Hunley. 1999. PI.

“Apollo Program—All-Up Concept.” April 1969. George E. Mueller Collection, box 50, folder 7. LC/MD.

ARDC. See Air Research and Development Command.

Arms, W. M. “Thor: The Workhorse of Space—A Narrative History.” McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company, Huntington Beach, Calif. 1972. “Standard Launch Vehicles” files. SMC/HO.

Ballistic Missile Division, U.S. Air Force (AFBMD). “Able Program Progress Report.” November 16, 1960. “Program Progress Report—Able 1960” folder. SMC/HO.

———. “ABLE-STAR (AJ10–104).” HQ AFBMD document. August 18, 1961. In “Development of AJ10–104,” SMC/HO.

———. “HQ AFBMD Chronology, Space Probes Division, AF Space Boosters.” January 1961. “Research & Development—Project Able-5 (Atlas)” folder. SMC/HO.

———. “Progress Report, Able-4 Thor-Pioneer V.” 1960. SMC/HO.

———. “Proposed AJ10–104 Final Report.” Memo, WDLPM-4 to WDZJP, March 30, 1960. In “Development of AJ10–104,” SMC/HO.

Ballistic Missile Organization, History Office Staff. “Chronology of the Ballistic Missile Organization, 1945–1990.” August 1993. From private collection of Raymond L. Puffer of Air Force Flight Test Center History Office, Edwards AFB, Calif. UP.

Ballistic Systems Division, U.S. Air Force. “Titan III Launch System Independent Panel Reviews.” 1986. Samuel C. Phillips Collection, box 20, folder 8. LC/MD.

Bartley, Charles. Letter to American Heritage of Invention and Technology, December 8, 1992. UP.

———. Letter to J. D. Hunley, August 25, 1994. UP.

———. OHI by John Bluth. 1995. JPL.

“Bell Rendezvous.” Folder 010680. NHRC.

Bleymaier, J. S. “Factors Relating to the Approval of Titan III Program.” 1962. Titan III files. SMC/HO.

“Blue Scout Chronology.” Two sections: narrative “Blue Scout History” and dated entries. “History—Blue Scout” folder. SMC/HO.

“Blue Scout History.” In “Blue Scout Chronology,” SMC/HO.

“Briefing Charts—Able Projects.” Folder. SMC/HO.

Bullock, Gilbert D. “The Applications Technology Satellite Program Summary.” ATS (p.405) Project Office, Goddard Space Flight Center. April 1968. General Collection, “Applications Technology Satellites,” folder OA-140000–01. NASM.

Boeing. “Burner II and Burner IIA.” News release S-0416. January 29, 1970. General Collection, “Burner II Upper Stage,” folder OB-840000–01. NASM.

———. “Burner II for Synchronous Mission Applications.” Boeing Aerospace Group, Space Division. June 1967. General Collection, “Burner II Upper Stage,” folder OB-840000–02. NASM.

Canney, Howard E., Jr. “Rockets Used by NASA.” January 20, 1960. NHRC.

Carlin, Herbert P., et al. “History of the Air Force Materiel Command.” 1 Oct. 1995–30 Sept. 1996. Vol. 5. File K226.01. AFHRA.

“Centaur General (1959–89).” Folder 010203. NHRC.

“Centaur Management & Development, Jan. 1961–Mar. 1962.” Binder. John L. Sloop Papers, box 22. NHRC.

“Component Research: Guidance.” Folder 008768. NHRC.

Convair. “MX-774 Flight Test Report: Jet Controlled Missile.” General Collection, folder OM-990774–01, “MX-774 (RTV-A-2, Reports).” NASM.

Convair Division, General Dynamics. “Atlas IIB/Centaur Technical Description: A High-Performance Launch Vehicle for Intelsat VI Class Spacecraft.” Report A2 TD-2. April 1983. Microfiche roll E84–10656. SMC/HO.

———. “Atlas Fact Sheet.” January 1967. General Collection, folder OA-401060–01, “Atlas Launch Vehicles (SLV-3).” NASM.

———. “Atlas Family of Space Launch Vehicles: Configuration and Performance Summary.” Report GDC BNZ-011. Revised May 1972. “Atlas Launch Vehicles—Technical Reports,” folder 010191. NHRC.

———. “Summary of Expendable and Reusable Booster Performance and Cost Data,” Report GD/C-DCB-65–026. May 26, 1965. File K243.0473–6. AFHRA.

Corliss, William R. “History of the Delta Launch Vehicle.” Draft, with comments by L. C. Bruno, September 4, 1973. “Delta Documentation (1959–72),” folder 010246. NHRC.

Delco Electronics Division. “Program 624A—Titan III Inertial Guidance System Preliminary Flight Report, Vehicle C20.” May 26, 1971. File K243.012.115. AFHRA.

Delco Systems. “Inertial Guidance System Components.” Samuel C. Phillips Collection, box 20, folder 9. LC/MD.

“Delco Systems Operations 1992.” George E. Mueller Collection, box 283, folder 4. LC/MD.

“Delta II Becomes New Medium Launch Vehicle.” Astro News 29, no. 2 (January 23, 1987). Microfilm roll K168.03–2849. AFHRA.

Dembrow, Daniel W., OHI by J. D. Hunley. 1995. PI.

“Development of AJ10–104 (ABLE STAR).” Folder. SMC/HO.

Douglas Aircraft Company. “Saturn IB Payload Planner's Guide.” N.d. Bellcom Collection, box 14, folder 6, “Saturn IB.” NASM.

Douglas Missile & Space Systems Division. “The Thor History.” Douglas report SM-41860. February 1964. Filed under “Standard Launch Vehicles II.” SMC/HO.

Ehricke, Krafft A., OHI by [John L. Sloop]. 1974. Folder 010976. NHRC.

(p.406) “500 Thor Launches.” Commemorative brochure. Los Angeles, October 21, 1978. George E. Mueller Collection, box 205, folder 6, “National Aeronautics and Space Administration—Thor.” LC/MD.

Felix, Bernard Ross. E-mail comments, January 8, 1997; telephone conversation, February 10, 1997; comments on manuscript, August 22 and 23, 2000. UP and PI.

“Final Report of the Survey Team Established to Investigate the Use of Agena for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.” 1960. History Collection, box JA-12, item 2–954A. JPL.

“Final Report S-IV All-Systems Stage Incident January 24, 1964.” Summary, May 11, 1964. George E. Mueller Collection, box 91, folder 14. LC/MD.

Freeman, P. “The Vanguard Control System Development Program.” May 1956. General Collection, folder OV-106110–01. NASM.

Geiger, Jeffrey, and Kirk W. Clear. “History of Space and Missile Test Organization and Western Space and Missile Center.” November 1, 1987–September 30, 1988. File K241.011. AFHRA.

General Dynamics/Astronautics. “Atlas ICBM Fact Sheet.” [January 1962]. General Collection, folder OA-401001–01, “Atlas ICBM (SM-65, HGM-16), Articles, 1957.” NASM.

———. “Centaur Primer: An Introduction to Hydrogen-Powered Space Flight.” June 1962. In folder 010203, “Centaur General (1959–89).” NHRC.

General Dynamics Commercial Launch Services. “Mission Planner's Guide for the Atlas Launch Vehicle Family.” March 1989. General Collection, folder OA-401095–01, “Atlas I Launch Vehicle.” NASM.

General Dynamics/Convair. See Convair Division, General Dynamics. General Dynamics, Space Systems Division. “Atlas/Centaur: Reliable, Versatile, Available.” [1985/6?]. General Collection, folder OA-401070–01, “Atlas Centaur Launch Vehicle.” NASM.

Gillam, Isaac. OHI by J. D. Hunley. 1996. PI.

Glasser, Otto J., OHI by John J. Allen. 1984. File K239.0512–1566. AFHRA.

Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). “The Delta Expendable Launch Vehicle.” NASA Facts. [1992?]. Folder 010240, “Delta.” NHRC.

———. “NASA's Scout Launch Vehicle.” NASA Facts. 1992. NHRC.

GSFC. See Goddard Space Flight Center.

Gunn, Charles R. “The Delta and Thor/Agena Launch Vehicles for Scientific and Applications Satellites.” GSFC preprint X-470–70–342. 1970. General Collection, folder OD-240014–02, “Delta Launch Vehicle, NASA Report.” NASM.

Herzberg, Louis F. “History of the Air Force Rocket Propulsion Laboratory.” 1 January– 30 June 1964. In “Units, RPL,” four unnumbered boxes. AFFTC/HO.

“Highlights from the History of United Technologies.” 1988. CSD.

“Hyper Environment Test System (TS 609A) (HETS).” Folder. SMC/HO.

Johnson, V. L. “Delta.” In NASA, “Program Review.” NHRC.

Kadish, Ronald T. Memo, Col. Kadish, Military Assistant, SAF/AQ, to SAF/OS et al. (p.407) on first launch of Pegasus. April 5, 1990. Official Correspondence of USAF Chief of Staff Gen. Larry D. Welch, January 10–June 28, 1990. File K168.03–82. AFHRA.

Lockheed Martin. “Titan IV.” March 2000. Titan IV folder, photo storage area. SMC/HO.

LTV Astronautics Division. “The Scout.” February 1965. Filed under “Standard Launch Vehicle I.” SMC/HO.

Luce, S. “Introduction to Composite Technology.” Prepared for Cerritos College Composite Technician Course. N.d. Filed as a book in library. NASM.

Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). “Apollo Program Management.” Volume 3. December 1967. George E. Mueller Collection, box 64, folder 9. LC/MD.

———, Astrionics Laboratory. “Astrionics System Handbook, Saturn Launch Vehicle.” January 2, 1964. Bellcom Collection, box 13, folders 8 and 9. NASM.

———, Saturn Systems Office. “Saturn Illustrated Chronology (April 1957–April 1962).” [1962]. Bellcom Collection, box 13, folder 3. NASM.

Martin Company. “Design Summary, RTV-N-12 Viking, Rockets 1 to 7.” January 1954. General Collection, folder OV-550500, “Viking Sounding Rocket.” NASM.

———. “The Vanguard Satellite Launching Vehicle: An Engineering Summary.” Engineering report 11022. April 1960. Book collection. NHRC.

Martin Marietta Corporation. “Flight Test Objectives/Performance Analysis Titan 23C-4 Postflight Report.” File K243.012–126. AFHRA.

———, Astronautics Group. “Titan II Space Launch Vehicle.” N.d. General Collection, folder OT-490028–01, “Titan II.” NASM.

———. “[Titan IV] System Critical Design Review.” 1986. Filed with Titan IV materials. SMC/HO.

———. “Titan IV User's Handbook.” December 1988. Microfilm file E87–00454. SMC/HO.

“Minutes of the Saturn V Semi-DCR/AS-502 Evaluation.” April 21, 1968. George E. Mueller Collection, box 92, folder 8. LC/MD.

Missile Test Center, U.S. Air Force. “Atlas Fact Sheet.” June 20, 1961. General Collection, folder OA-401001–01, “Atlas ICBM (SM-65, HGM-16), Articles, 1957.” NASM.

“A Most Reliable Booster System.” Booklet. 1977. CSD.

MSFC. See Marshall Space Flight Center.

Mueller, George E. Letter to J. L. Atwood, December 19, 1965. George E. Mueller Collection, box 84, folder 3. LC/MD.

———. Memo with enclosed press release, AAD-2/Dr. Mueller to A/Mr. Webb through AA/Dr. Seamans, October 26, 1963, subject: Reorientation of Apollo Plans. George E. Mueller Collection, box 91, folder 9. LC/MD.

NASA. Agena Program Presentation. [By MSFC at NASA HQ?]. October 1, 1962. History Collection, box JA-36, item 2–2269. JPL.

———. “Apollo 14 Saturn Modified.” News release 70–207. December 4, 1970. Folder 010449, “Saturn V, General (1970–).” NHRC.

———. “Centaur Test Demonstrates Precise Guidance.” News release 65–271. August 13, 1965. General Collection, folder OA-401070–01, “Atlas Centaur Launch Vehicle.” NASM.

(p.408) ———. “First Launch of Centaur Vehicle Scheduled.” News release 62–66. April 3, 1962. General Collection, folder OA-401070–01, “Atlas Centaur Launch Vehicle.” NASM.

———, Office of Programs. “A History of Vehicles Launched by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration between October 1, 1958 and August 31, 1962.” NHRC.

———. “Program Review, Launch Vehicles and Propulsion.” June 23, 1962. NHRC.

———. “Saturn V Tests Completed.” News release 68–128. July 18, 1968. Folder 010450, “Saturn V, General (1965–1969).” NHRC.

———. Vanguard Division records. Box 1, Project Vanguard Case Files, 1955–1959; box 2, Project Vanguard Case Files, Arnold Engineering and Development Center; box 5, Reports on Project Vanguard, 1955–1959; box 6, Project Vanguard Case Files, Hercules Powder—Allegany Ballistics Laboratory Progress Reports. Record Group (RG) 255, Entry 35. NA (College Park).

“The NASA/Grumman Lunar Module.” Pamphlet. General Collection, folder OA-69200–01, “Apollo Lunar Module.” NASM.

“NASA Projects in Brief—Agena B.” Folder 010194, “Atlas-Agena B & D.” NHRC.

Naval Research Laboratory. “Transfer of Project Vanguard to NASA.” NRL notice 5400. December 4, 1958. Folder 006633, “Vanguard Documents, Early History.” NHRC.

Newell, Homer E., Jr. “Launching of Vanguard III, 18 September 1959.” Folder 006643, “Vanguard III (September 18, 1959).” NHRC.

———. Letter, Newell, Office of Space Sciences, NASA, to Gen. Bernard A. Schriever, AFSC, September 27, 1962. History Collection, box JA-150, item 5–1179. JPL.

North American Rockwell, Space Division. “Two Saturn Second Stage Modifications to Be Tested in Space.” News release. N.d. Folder 010450, “Saturn V, General (1965–1969).” NHRC.

NRL. See Naval Research Laboratory.

Pershing System Description. Volume 1. May 1964. RATL.

Phillips, Samuel C. Draft article for New York Times. 1969. Samuel C. Phillips Collection, box 118, folder 4, “Manned Lunar Landing Program, Writings by Phillips.” LC/MD.

———. Memo to Dr. Mueller, October 3, 1964. George E. Mueller Collection, box 43, folder 4. LC/MD.

———. Memo, [NASA] MA/S.C. Phillips to M/G.E. Mueller, December 18, 1965, subject: CSM and S-II Review. George E. Mueller Collection, box 84, folder 3. LC/MD.

———. OHI by Frederick I. Ordway. 1988. Samuel C. Phillips Collection, box 138, folder 10. LC/MD.

———. OHIs by Tom Ray. 1970. Folder 001701, “Phillips, Samuel C., Interviews.” NHRC.

———. OHI by Robert Sherrod. 1971. Folder 013219, “Phillips, Samuel, Lt. Gen., Apollo Program Director.” NHRC.

Piper, Robert F. “History of Titan III, 1961–1963.” Air Force monograph. June 1964. SMC/HO.

(p.409) Pratt & Whitney Division, United Technologies. “RL10 Engine.” Brochure. January 1992. Folder 010192, “Atlas II.” NHRC.

“Program Test Objectives, Atlas/Able 5.” Form STL/OR-60–0000–02011. May 17, 1960. General Collection, folder OA-401062–01. NASM.

“Project Vanguard Report No. 1, Plans, Procedures, and Progress.” NRL report 4700. January 13, 1956. Folder 006626, “Vanguard Project Report No. 1.” NHRC.

“Project Vanguard Report No. 9, Progress through September 15, 1956.” NRL Report 4850. October 4, 1956. Folder 006601, “Vanguard Project: Origins and Progress Reports.” NHRC.

“Project Vanguard Report of Progress, Status, and Plans, 1 June 1957.” NRL report 4969. Folder 006601, “Vanguard Project: Origins and Progress Reports.” NHRC.

“Propulsion J-2.” Folder 013782. NHRC.

Ritchey, H. W. “Technical Memoir.” c. 1980. UP.

Ritland, O. J. “Able Program Final Progress Report.” May 25, 1961. “Program Progress Report—Able 1961” folder. SMC/HO.

Roach, Robert D., Jr. “… The Agena Rocket Engine … Six Generation of Reliability in Space Propulsion.” Rendezvous (Bell Aerosystems) 6, no. 6 (1967). In “Bell Rendezvous,” NHRC.

Robbins, J. M., and R. W. Feist. “The China Lake Propulsion Laboratories.” China Lake, Propulsion System Division, Ridgecrest, Calif. July 1992. NAWCWD.

Rockefeller, Alfred, Jr. “History of Project Able.” June 1958. “Project Able History” folder. SMC/HO.

Rosen, Milton W[illiam]. “A Brief History of Delta and Its Relation to Vanguard.” Enclosure in Rosen to Constance McL. Green, March 15, 1968. In “Rosen, Milton W.,” NHRC.

———. Comments, written (May 8, 2002) and by telephone (May 16–17, 2002), on a draft of this volume's chapter 1. UP.

———. OHI by David DeVorkin. 1983. Space History Division, NASM.

———. “Viking and Vanguard.” In “Rocketry in the 1950's, Transcript of AIAA Panel Discussions by Leading Participants.” NASA Historical Report 36. October 28, 1971. NHRC.

“Rosen, Milton W. (Misc. Bio).” Folder 001835. NHRC.

Rosen, Milton W., James M. Bridger, and Alton E. Jones. “Rocket Research Report No. XII: The Viking 8 Firing.” Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 1953. General Collection, folder OM-550500–22. NASM.

Rosen, Milton W., James M. Bridger, and Richard B. Snodgrass. “Rocket Research Report No. XIV: The Viking 9 Firings.” Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 1954. General Collection, folder OM-550500–22. NASM.

Ross, Chandler C. “Life at Aerojet-General University: A Memoir.” Aerojet History Group, 1981. UP.

“SAMSO Chronology.” See Space Division.

Schubert, W. “Centaur.” In NASA, “Program Review,” NHRC.

Seltzer, S. M. “Saturn IB/V Astrionics System.” N.d. Bellcom Collection, box 13, folder 10. NASM.

(p.410) Simmons, Ronald L. Biography, résumé, and e-mails. 2002. UP.

“Solid Propulsion Systems.” TN 457–72. Naval Weapons Center, China Lake, Calif. “KOB, Solid Propellant Rocket Motors” folder. NAWCWD.

Space and Missile Systems Organization, U.S. Air Force. “Centaur D-1 Payload Users Guide.” June 30, 1970. Bellcom Collection, box 12, folder 5. NASM.

[Space Systems Division, U.S. Air Force]. “Review of the Management Procedures and Decision Making Process of the Department of Defense as Applied to the SLV-5 Program.” 1962. Titan III files. SMC/HO.

Space Technology Laboratories (STL). “1958 NASA/USAF Space Probes (ABLE-1), Final Report.” Vol. 1 (summary). SMC/HO.

———. “Hard Impact Lunar Flight Experiment.” Exhibit 1 to Proposal 26–10, Project Baker. January 27, 1958. Untitled folder. SMC/HO.

———. STL Space Log. June 1961. General Collection, folder OS-017000–01, “Samos.” NASM.

Stiffler, Ronald-Bel, and Charles V. Eppley. “History of the Air Force Flight Test Center.” 1 Jan.–30 June 1960. AFFTC/HO.

STL. See Space Technology Laboratories.

Stuhlinger, Ernst. OHI by J. D. Hunley. 1994. PI.

“Test Stand 1B Final Report.” 1961. Folder, “Program Progress Report—Test Stand 1B.” AFFTC/HO.

Thackwell, H. L., Jr. “The Application of Solid Propellants to Space Flight Vehicles.” 1959. UP.

Thiel, Walter. “On the Practical Possibilities of Further Development of the Liquid Rockets and a Survey of the Tasks to Be Assigned to Research.” Memo, Weapons Test Organization, Kummersdorf—Target Range. March 13, 1937. Translated by D. K. Huzel. General Collection, folder CT-168000–01, “Thiel, Walter.” NASM.

Thiokol Chemical Corporation. Aerospace Facts. House organ, quarterly, Spring 1983. General Collection, folder B7–820030–02, “Thiokol General, Publications, ‘Aerospace Facts.’” NASM.

———. “Off-the-Shelf Motor Catalog.” N.d. General Collection, folder B7–820060–01, “Thiokol, General, Rocket Specs.” NASM.

“Thor Able and Thor Ablestar.” Historical Reports, Programs Managed by the Directorate of TRANSIT/ANNA, [AFBMD?]. March 7, 1962. “Research & Development— Transit Project (Able-Star except Transit 1A)” folder. SMC/HO.

“Titan 34D Flight Readiness Meeting.” Vandenberg Air Force Base. November 5, 1986. Samuel C. Phillips Collection, box 21, folder 5. LC/MD.

“Titan 34D Recovery Program.” 1986. Samuel C. Phillips Collection, box 21, folder 1. LC/MD.

“Twentieth Birthday of Space ‘Workhorse.’” NASA Activities, May 1979, 16. Folder 010195, “Launch Vehicles: Agena.” NHRC.

United Technology Center (UTC). “The 120–Inch-Diameter, Segmented, Solid-Propellant Rocket.” Pamphlet. N.d. History Collection, box JA-233, folder 37. JPL.

(p.411) U.S. Air Force. “Atlas Space Boosters.” Fact Sheet 86–40. November 1986. General Collection, folder OA-401060–01, “Atlas Launch Vehicles (SLV-3).” NASM.

[U.S. Army Ordnance Corps/General Electric Company]. “Ordnance Guided Missile & Rocket Programs.” Vol. 10, “Hermes Guided Missile Systems, Inception Through 30 June 1955.” Technical Report. Filed as a book in library. NASM.

U.S. Navy. Briefing on Polaris management. April 29, 1964. George E. Mueller Collection, box 47, folder 12. LC/MD.

UTC. See United Technology Center.

“Vanguard II (Feb. 17, 1959).” Folder 006640. NHRC.

“Vanguard III Satellite Launch Vehicle 7.” General Collection, folder OV-106130–01. NASM.

“Vanguard Project, History.” General Collection, folder OV-106015–01. NASM.

“Vanguard Project: Origins and Progress Reports.” General Collection, folder 006601. NHRC.

“Vanguard Satellite Launching Vehicle 3.” General Collection, folder OV-106113–01. NASM.

“Vanguard Test Vehicle 3.” Folder 006630. NHRC.

Vought Corporation. “Scout User's Manual.” June 1, 1977. General Collection, folder OS-050000–70, “Scout Launch Vehicle Users Manuals, 1977.” NASM.

Waldron, Harry N. “A History of the Development of the Inertial Upper Stage for the Space Shuttle, 1969–1985.” Draft monograph coordinated but not officially released. 1988. SMC/HO.

Weil, R. “Final Report, Contract No. AF 04(647)-361.” Space Technology Laboratories. October 12, 1961. “ABLE 4 & 5” folder. SMC/HO.

Weyland, Herman P., Paul G. Willoughby, Stan Backlund, and J. G. Hill. OHI by J. D. Hunley. 1996. PI.

Wilman, J. Catherine. “Space Division: A Chronology, 1980–1984.” SMC/HO.

Published Sources

Besides books and articles, this section includes items “published” on the Internet and papers presented at meetings, which the engineering community counts as publications.

“AbleStar Is Newest Aerojet Triumph: Restartable Space Engine Orbits Two-in-One Payload.” Aerojet Booster 5, no. 1 (July 1960): 1–2. Copy in folder B7–020030–01, “Aerojet General Publications. …” General Collection, NASM.

ACDelco. “About ACDelco.”www.acdelcocanada.com/cmg/pages/history.shtml.

“Aerojet to Build Able Star, Bigger, Restartable Able.” Missiles and Rockets, February 15, 1960, 34.

Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, Assembly of Engineering, National Research Council, Report of Ad Hoc Committee on Liquid Rocket Propulsion Technologies. Liquid Rocket Propulsion Technology: An Evaluation of NASA's Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1981. Copy in “NASA, 1981.” George E. Mueller Collection, box 198, folder 9. LC/MD.

(p.412) “Air Force Presses for Early Repeat of Samos Shot.” Missiles and Rockets, October 17, 1960, 16.

Aitken, Hugh G. J. The Continuous Wave: Technology and American Radio, 1900–1932. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1985.

Andrepont, Wilbur C., and Rafael M. Felix. “The History of Large Solid Rocket Motor Development in the United States.” Paper AIAA-94–3057, presented at the 30th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, Indianapolis, June 27–29, 1994.

Anselmo, Joseph C. “Air Force Readies Pick of Two EELV Finalists.” Aviation Week & Space Technology, December 9, 1996, 82–83.

“Aramid Fiber.” www.fibersource.com/f-tutor/aramid.htm.

Armacost, Michael H. The Politics of Weapons Innovation: The Thor-Jupiter Controversy. New York: Columbia University Press, 1969.

ATK Thiokol Propulsion. “Castor 120.” www.thiokol.com/castor3.htm, accessed December 17, 2002.

“Atlas Launch Vehicle History; Atlas Launch Vehicle Family” Astronautics and Aeronautics, November 1975, n.p., between 77 and 78.

Babcock, Elizabeth. Magnificent Mavericks: Evolution of the Naval Ordnance Test Station from Rockets to Guided Missiles and Underwater Ordnance. Vol. 3 of History of the Navy at China Lake, California. Washington, D.C.: China Lake Museum Foundation, in press. Baker, David. Spaceflight and Rocketry: A Chronology. New York: Facts on File, 1996.

Bartley, Charles E., and Robert G. Bramscher. “Grand Central Rocket Company.” In History of Rocketry and Astronautics: Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth and Twenty-Ninth History Symposia of the International Academy of Astronautics, edited by Donald C. Elder and Christopher Rothmund, 267–77. AAS History Series 23. San Diego: Univelt, 2001.

Bedard, Andre. “Composite Solid Propellants.” www.astronautix.com/articles/comlants.htm.

“Bidirectional Woven Kevlar.” www.aircraftspruce.com/catalog/cmpages/bikevlar.php

Biggs, Robert E. “Space Shuttle Main Engine: The First Ten Years.” In Doyle, Liquid Rocket Engine Development, 69–122.

Bijker, Wiebe E., Thomas P. Hughes, and Trevor J. Pinch, eds. The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1987.

Bille, Matt, Pat Johnson, Robyn Kane, and Erika R. Lishock. “History and Development of U.S. Small Launch Vehicles.” In Launius and Jenkins, To Reach the High Frontier, 186–228.

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