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Imaging the Chinese in Cuban Literature and Culture$

Ignacio López-Calvo

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780813032405

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813032405.001.0001

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(p.223) Index

(p.223) Index

Source:
Imaging the Chinese in Cuban Literature and Culture
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
Abakuá Secret Society, 88, 101–2, 110, 189 n 35
Afro-Chinese, 81, 98, 120–22, 220
Apón Peña, Cristina, xiii, 15, 150, 154, 205 n 6, 207 n 17
Aponte y Ubarra, Antonio José, 11–12
and Aponte Conspiracy, 11–12, 15, 211, 213
Assimilation, 19, 24, 44, 105, 107, 109, 112, 114, 119, 121, 194 n 2
Barnet, Miguel, 29, 87, 171 n 1, 209
and Biography of a Runaway Slave, 21, 30–31, 42, 108, 188 n 25, 221
and Gallego, 53, 203 n 38, 221
and Poemas chinos, 70–71, 221
Barrio chino, 2, 13–16, 21–22, 54, 57, 71, 73, 76, 78, 88, 155, 185 n 35, 192 n 5, 208 n 7, 209
Batista, Juan Fulgencio, 14, 64, 124, 126, 169 n 28, 196 n 18
Bhabha, Homi, 21, 111, 154, 210
Bondage. See slavery
Brazil, 3, 5–6, 29, 154, 167 n 8
Buddha, 86, 97, 112, 116, 205 n 8, 214
Bueno, Salvador, 213
Cabrera, Lydia, 210, 221
and El monte, 102, 187 n 21, 188 n 25, 189 n 35, 190 n 37
Cabrera Infante, Guillermo, 20, 210
California, 5, 13–14, 21, 94, 155, 160, 167, 174 n 11, 192 n 5, 209
Carpentier, Alejo, 76, 186 n 16, 209, 210, 221
and La música en Cuba, 20
Castro, Fidel, 3, 14–17, 23, 44, 74–75, 88, 96, 105, 124–28, 132, 149, 160–61, 165 n 4, 169 n 27, 196 n 18, 197 n 23, 204 n 42, 205 n 4, 210
Castro, Juan de, xiii, 23, 106, 210, 213, 216
Castro, Raúl, 17
Chang, Josefina, 160
Chao, Luis, xiii, 156
Charada china, 108, 112, 142, 191 n 3
Chaviano, Daína, 190 n 44
and Casa de juegos, 191 n 48, 210, 222
and El hombre, la hembra y el hambre, 105, 150, 192 n 9, 210, 221
Chi ffa. See Charada China
China, ix, xi, xiii, 1–2, 4, 8–11, 13–21, 23, 32–34, 36, 38–41, 43–44, 46–47, 51, 63, 64, 67–74, 82–84, 86–88, 93–94, 100, 106, 111–14, 119–21, 124, 127–28, 132, 134, 138, 142, 148–50, 153–54, 156–60, 162, 165 n 2, 167 n 11, 168 n 14, 168 n 20, 170 n 33, 172 n 6, 173 n 14, 173 n 15, 176 n 26, 177 n 3, 179 n 22, 179 n 24, 182 n 1, 184 n 27, 188 n 26, 189 n 32, 193 n 17, 196 n 17, 196 n 22, 197 n 22, 199 n 39, 201 n 20, 203 n 35, 203 n 36, 204 n 47, 205 n 5, 205 n 6, 206 n 10, 206 n 15, 208 n 4, 209–10, 213–20
cultural China, 148–49, 220
China mulata. See Chinese Cuban women
Chinatown. See barrio chino
Chinese at war: cemetery, 39, 102, 112, 115, 188 n 31
cuisine, x, 20, 57, 78, 112, 115–16, 129, 142, 153, 163
dance, 68–69, 77, 205 n 5
lion dance, 48, 88, 151, 153–54, 170 n 42, 206 n 15
marriage, 10, 13, 44, 67, 73, 77, 95, 157, 159
marriage (arranged), 73, 157, 159–60, 181 n 16, 208 n 11
marriage (mixed), 34, 72, 88, 109, 140–41, 156
martial arts, 132, 153–54
nostalgia, 15, 22, 24, 45, 71, 83–85, 109–11, 142, 156–57, 161–62, 208 n 14
old sage, 69, 82–83, 85–87, 95, 139–40
opera, 78, 141–42, 178 n 11, 206 n 15
painting, 19, 24, 69–70, 74, 80, 84, 86–88, 113, 126, 132, 137–38, 144–45, 178 n 11, 184 n 29, 184 n 30, 205 n 3, 207 n 1, 209
patriotism, 96, 116, 122–32, 137, 195 n 16, 198 n 39, 201 n 14
patience, 75, 95, 142–43, 178, 188, 203 n 39, 203, n 40
poetry, xii, 24, 40, 69, 74, 80–85, 87, 97–98, 113, 178 n 11, 179 n 18, 182 n 2, 183 n 5, 183 n 9, 183 n 17, 184 n 27, 205 n 3, 213, 214, 217
relations with blacks, 10, 21–22, 36, (p.224) 72, 75, 93, 99, 102, 104, 108–9, 115, 116, 121–24, 137, 140–41, 160, 214
religion, 21, 24, 44, 79, 85, 88–89, 93–94, 96, 98–105, 147, 157, 163, 173 n 15, 184 n 27, 187 n 24, 219
sexuality, 69–70, 84, 74–79, 111, 134, 141, 147–48, 179 n 21, 179 n 24, 221
silence, 46, 52–53, 55–56, 95, 143–44, 173 n 13, 203–4 n 41
smile, 46, 76, 85, 123, 143, 158
silk, ix-x, 2, 63, 84, 94, 178, 182 n 2, 203 n 39
suicide, 9, 12, 34, 36–37, 39–40, 42–44, 55–56, 75, 114, 159, 172 n 7, 172 n 9, 172 n 10, 188 n 30, 189 n 33
theater, 54–55, 67, 76, 78, 109, 132, 162, 171 n 44, 175 n 21, 175 n 23, 200 n 2, 206 n 15
writing system, 65, 70, 71, 86–87, 89, 132, 177 n 6, 179 n 21, 179 n 25, 184 n 29, 207 n 1.
—societies, xiii, 13–14, 46, 48, 72, 89, 162, 167, 169 n 26, 169 n 32, 172 n 12
Lung Con Cun Sol (Lung Kong) Society, 104, 125, 133, 141, 142, 155, 157, 185 n 37, 185 n 3, 190 n 40, 202 n 33, 202 n 34, 203 n 35, 206 n 14
Ching Tak Tong Society, 156
Chung Wah Casino, xiii, 15, 95, 126–27, 142, 154, 156, 169 n 30, 169 n 32, 202 n 33, 203 n 36, 206 n 15, 208 n 4, 208 n 5. See also Chinese at war: cuisine; painting; religion; sexuality. See also chinos mambises
Chinese Cuban women, 79, 158, 160–61, 206 n 15
china mulata, 24, 74–76, 98, 109–10, 115, 139, 180 n 3
Chinese Exclusion Act, 14, 51, 136
Chineseism, 150
Chineseness, vii, 16, 25, 29, 51, 59, 64, 66, 77–80, 84, 86–87, 109, 113, 142, 148, 151, 163, 170 n 33, 209, 211, 219
Chinos mambises (Chinese rebels), 7, 14, 41, 50, 119, 121–25, 128–33, 197 n 29, 197–98 n 32, 198 n 35, 199 n 41
Chiu, Guillermo, xiii, 156, 207 n 16,
Chiu, Leandro, xiii, 185 n 3, 185 n 40
Chiu Wong, Alejandro, xiii, 154–55
Choy, León, xiii, 48, 139, 157
Choy Rodríguez, Armando, 123–24, 126, 205 n 4, 222
Chuffat Latour, Antonio, 54, 108, 119–23, 130, 140, 145, 152, 176 n 26, 191 n 3, 199 n 42, 199 n 43, 202 n 29, 203 n 35, 220–21
and Apunte histórico de los chinos en Cuba, 19, 23–24, 30, 45, 73, 96, 119–23, 128, 203 n 40, 211, 221
Chui Beltrán, Gustavo, 123–24, 205, 211, 222
Chung, Yuli, v, xiii, 154, 158–60, 191 n 1, 208 n 9, 208 n 12
Confucius, 73, 82, 84, 97, 172 n 6
and Analects, 35, 39, 93, 96, 211
Coolies, xi, 5–13, 21–22, 32–33, 34–44, 48, 62–65, 68, 70, 81–83, 100, 114, 120–21, 126, 129–31, 140–41, 149–51, 165 n 3, 166 n 8, 167 n 9, 167 n 10, 167 n 11, 169 n 25, 172 n 9, 176 n 26, 192 n 9, 198 n 34, 200 n 2, 206 n 10, 213
coolie trade, 5–6, 8, 10, 13, 22, 32–33, 81, 113, 167–68 n 12, 177 n 4
Corbitt, Duvon Clough, 5, 7, 10, 47, 168 n 21, 211
Cornejo Polar, Antonio, 106–7, 211
Correa, Arnaldo, 101, 105, 186, 205 n 4, 211
and Cold Havana Ground, 98, 101, 142, 169 n 26, 175 n 21, 186 n 14, 192 n 5, 196 n 21, 198 n 35, 211, 222
Cosio Sierra, Nicolás, 70
and “Algún día visitaré la China ancestral,” 71
The Cuba Commission Report, 8–9, 11, 19, 23–25, 30–32, 34, 41, 43, 45, 51, 65, 70, 129, 145, 152, 167, 211, 213, 221
Cubanía. See Cubanness
Cubanidad. See Cubanness
Cubanness, 18, 23, 54, 87, 96, 101, 115, 119, 121–22, 132, 142, 148, 193
Cuban Revolution, 2, 3, 14, 22, 78, 81, 94, 124–28, 131–32, 151, 157, 160, 176 n 29, 195–96 n 17, 197 n 22, 210–11
Cultural Revolution, 74
Dana, Richard Henry, 10–11, 40, 107
De-ethnification, 113
Díaz, Jesús, 205 n 9
and “Confesión,” 150
Divas, 206 n 15
Double consciousness, 24, 75, 82, 120, 148, 152
Double vision, 154
(p.225) Eça de Queiroz, José María, 64, 170 n 41, 176 n 1, 176 n 2, 212, 220
and O Mandarim, 62–4, 221
Eng Herrera, Pedro, 20, 24, 80, 86, 88, 126–27, 137, 145
Eng Menéndez, Yrmina, xiii, 154, 209
Erasure. See Exclusion
Exclusion, vii, 13, 19, 25, 48, 73, 111, 134–35, 219
Fanon, Franz, 119–20, 145, 212
Feijóo, Samuel: and Cuentos populares cubanos, 49, 211
and Cuentos populares cubanos de humor, 47–48, 211, 221
Felipe, Carlos, 175 n 24
and “El chino,” 54–56, 221
Fernández Retamar, Roberto, 18, 129, 134, 212
Fong, Flora, 19, 24, 70, 80, 86–88, 113, 145, 152, 155, 184 n 28, 184 n 30, 184 n 33, 184 n 34, 209, 212, 214, 218, 221
Footbinding, 65, 73, 76–77, 160, 165 n 2, 181 n 13, 181 n 14, 181 n 16, 214
Gambling, 33, 38, 41, 68, 108, 127, 135, 142, 200 n 2, 203 n 35
García, Cristina, xii, 95, 146–47, 149, 211, 213, 215–16
and Monkey Hunting, xii, 7, 20, 24–25, 40, 43, 74–75, 99, 110–14, 140–41, 143, 148–49, 178 n 11, 179 n 18, 188 n 30, 198 n 35, 203 n 38, 210, 212–13, 222
Grupo Promotor del Barrio Chino. See Havana Chinatown Promotional Group
Guanche Pérez, Jesús, 9, 40, 172 n 10, 205 n 5, 213
Guevara, Ernesto “Che,” 88
Guillén, Nicolás, xii, 18, 70, 80, 182 n 2
and “Poema con niños,”; 182 n 3, 213
Havana Chinatown Promotional Group, 16, 149–50, 155, 169–70 n 32, 185 n 35
Hernández Catá, Alfonso, 174 n 10, 174 n 14
and “Los chinos,” 51–52, 213, 221
and “Cuarenta y nueve chinos,” 51–53, 213, 221
Herrera, Manuel: and “El pirotécnico Li-Shiao,” 177, 213
Hu, Jintao, 1, 17,
Hu-DeHart, Evelyn, vii, x, xii-xiii, 5–6, 8–9, 33, 37–38, 169 n 24, 213
Hybridity, vii, 21, 27, 107, 110–11, 113, 116, 148, 207
I Ching, 105, 191 n 46
Jiang, Zemin, 17
Ko, Dorothy, 40, 73, 76
Kushigian, Julia A., 61, 64, 66, 78, 214,
Ladder Conspiracy, 12, 169 n 24
Lam, Wifredo, 19, 87, 145, 155, 207, 212, 215
Lao-tzu (Lao Tse), 82, 86, 97
and Tao Te Ching, 1, 29, 86, 143, 153, 184 n 27, 203 n 41, 215, 220
Lau, María, 24, 80, 86, 88–89
Lau Si, Ofede, xiii, 157
Lay, Amado, xiii, 161–162
Lay, Miriam Wenchang, xiii, 162–63
Leal, Eusebio, 16
Lezama Lima, José, 20, 153
and Cartas, (1939–1976), 215
and “Juego de las decapitaciones,” 64, 215, 221
and Paradiso, 181 n 17, 215
Li, Joaquín, 14, 162, 167 n 11, 173 n 1, 208 n 11, 222
Li, María del Carmen, xiii, 157, 206 n 15
López, Kathleen, 13, 15, 47, 112, 188 n 31, 203 n 35, 203 n 36
Luarca, Miguel de: and Verdadera relación de la grandeza del Reino de China, 72, 176 n 26, 179 n 22, 213, 215
Machado y Morales, Gerardo, 126, 196–97 n 22
Mair, Victor H., 66, 177 n 9, 215, 220
Mañach, Jorge, 48–9, 215
Mao, Zedong, 16–17, 74
Mariátegui, José Carlos, 200 n 2, 215
(p.226) Martí, José, 18, 25, 48, 88, 96–98, 137, 171 n 43, 215–16, 221
and “Brooklyn Bridge,” 136
and “A Chinese Funeral,” 98, 135–36
and “The Indians in the United States,” 135, 200 n 4
and “Our America,” 134, 137
and “Political Prison in Cuba,” 135
and “My Race,” 136
and Versos sencillos, 135
Médico chino, 55, 74, 112, 135, 139–40, 182 n 3, 202 n 27, 202 n 28, 202 n 29, 206 n 15, 213
Méndez Capote, Renée, 131
and Memorias de una cubanita que nació con el siglo, 40, 140, 193 n 15, 198 n 38, 198 n 39, 203 n 39, 216, 221
Mestizaje, 18, 21, 23, 106–10, 112, 115–16, 134, 150, 154, 192 n 10, 211
Mexico, ix, x, xi, 5, 14, 109, 154, 165 n 3, 167 n 8, 204 n 47, 212, 218
Meza, Ramón, 201 n 17, 216, 221
and Carmela, 137, 203 n 38, 203 n 40
and “El mercader chino,” 137–38
Miscegenation. See mestizaje
Montejo, Esteban: and Biography of a Runaway Slave, 21, 29–31, 42–44, 108, 139, 173 n 13, 188 n 25, 209, 221
Montero, Mayra, 94–95, 147–48, 170 n 41, 180 n 4, 186 n 16
and Como un mensajero tuyo, 74, 98–101, 140, 169 n 26, 186 n 16, 191 n 48, 212, 215–16, 218, 221
Nadie escuchaba, 24, 43–44, 173 n 16, 216
Nationalism, 13, 109, 150, 211, 218
New Spain. See Mexico
Nogueras, Luis Rogelio, 179 n 23, 217, 221
and “Mirando un grabado erótico chino,” 70
Okin, Susan Moller, 77, 217
Opium, 4, 6, 33, 37–38, 41, 43, 54, 68, 82–83, 100–101, 127, 134, 136, 142, 200 n 2, 203 n 35, 213
Orientalism, vii, 7, 19, 24, 29, 46, 51, 55, 57, 61–67, 69–71, 77–80, 84, 86, 134, 136, 145, 148, 153, 176–77, 204 n 1, 213, 214, 216, 219, 219
self-orientalization, vii, 16, 24, 25, 46, 51, 80–81, 85–88, 94, 120, 145, 152, 219
strategic self-Orientalization, 16, 46, 85, 94, 145
Ortega, Antonio, 204 n 42, 217, 221
and “Chino olvidado,” 143, 176 n 1
Ortiz, Fernando, 49, 106–7, 113, 134, 206 n 15, 217
Our History Is Still Being Written, 15, 23–24, 30, 123–26, 128–29, 145, 197 n 32, 211, 22
Padura Fuentes, Leonardo, 176 n 29, 191 n 10, 205 n 4, 217, 222
and La cola de la Serpiente, 56, 74–75, 104, 142–43, 147, 186 n 17, 189 n 33
and El viaje más largo, 128, 153–54
Palo Monte, 102, 188 n 30, 189 n 34, 189 n 35
Panama, 5, 52–53, 154, 167 n 8, 214, 219
Pedroso, Regino, xii, 19, 24, 80, 87, 105, 113, 119, 129, 145, 148, 152, 155, 182 n 2, 183 n 4
and El ciruelo de Yuan Pei Fu, 84–86, 96–98, 179 n 18, 184 n 27, 187 n 21, 205 n 4, 214, 221
and Nosotros, 80–83
Pérez de la Riva, Juan, 172 n 10, 213, 217
Período especial, 206
Peru, ix, xi, 5, 33, 36–38, 131, 154, 166 n 8, 168 n 12, 168 n 16, 172 n 9, 200 n 2, 211, 213, 215, 219, 220
Polo, Marco, 2, 63, 69, 165 n 2, 179 n 22, 220
Ponte, Antonio José: and “At the request of Ochún,” 180 n 3
Post-national, 110
Quesada, Gonzalo de, 131, 197 n 29, 198 n 39
Racialization, 3, 20–21, 113, 129, 140, 148
Rama, Ángel, 107, 113
Regla de Osha. See Santería
Regla Mayombe. See Palo Monte
Rodríguez, Antonio Orlando, 175 n 23
and Aprendices de brujo, 54, 176 n 26, 187 n 24, 218, 222
Runaway slaves, 12, 21, 29, 31, 42–43, 169 n 22, 209. See also slavery
Said, Edward: and Orientalism, 61, 65, 77, 80, 148, 153, 213, 219
Sanfancón, 16, 67, 93–96, 100–101, 103–104, (p.227) 109, 134, 140, 157, 161, 178, 185 n 37, 185 n 3, 188 n 29, 190 n 37, 190 n 40, 219
Santería, 93–95, 98–100, 102, 105, 109, 140, 150, 169 n 22, 185 n 1, 185 n 3, 185 n 5, 187 n 18, 187 n 23, 188 n 31, 192 n 7, 193 n 13, 205 n 8
Sarduy, Severo, xii, 18, 20, 24, 56, 61, 64–66, 77–79, 115, 146–47, 153, 175 n 21, 177 n 4, 182 n 19, 214, 217–21
and Cobra, 65–66, 79, 191 n 13
and From Cuba with a Song, xii, 66, 78, 115
and Gestos, 203 n 38
and Maitreya, 79, 116, 181 n 17, 203 n 38, 213
Scherer, Frank F., 14, 16, 51, 85, 87, 93–94, 96, 107, 110, 113, 124, 134, 141, 178, 203, 206, 219
Seuc, Napoleón, 152
and La colonia china de Cuba 1930–1960, 19, 45, 47, 54, 108, 127–28, 165 n 4, 170 n 34, 172 n 7, 193 n 16, 194 n 10, 195 n 10, 197 n 22, 197 n 29, 206 n 11, 219, 221
Sinicization, 23, 80, 84–86, 88, 112–13, 149
Sinophilia, 23, 149
Sinophobia, vii, 21, 45–46, 51, 56
Sío Wong, Moisés, 15–16, 20, 123–26, 129, 152, 196, 196 n 19, 196 n 22, 197 n 31, 199 n 42, 205 n 4, 211, 222
Slavery, x, xi, 5–13, 21, 24, 29–33, 36–37, 40–43, 61, 63, 73, 83–84, 93, 108, 112–13, 121–22, 128–29, 131, 136, 141, 151, 160, 166 n 8, 167 n 9, 167 n 11, 168–69 n 21, 169 n 22, 169 n 23, 180 n 2, 186 n 17, 189 n 33, 197 n 32, 199 n 39, 207 n 1, 209, 212, 215–16, 221. See also runaway slaves
Spain, xi, 5–6, 8, 20, 32, 47, 49, 65, 101, 106, 119, 128, 130, 165 n 1, 168 n 16, 174 n 10, 197 n 32, 204 n 32, 207 n 1
Spence, Jonathan D., 39, 179 n 20, 179 n 22, 181 n 14, 219
Suárez, José, 62
Taino, 18, 134, 170 n 36, 182 n 19
Testimonial. See Testimonio
Testimonio, 8, 11, 14, 19, 22–23
Torture, 32, 35, 38–39, 65, 74, 177 n 5, 177 n 6
Transculturation, vii, 21, 24, 57, 65, 89, 104–16, 140, 157, 191 n 48, 191 n 3, 211, 217,
Transnationalism, xi, 22
Valdés, Zoé, 20, 131, 148–49, 177 n 10, 192 n 4, 221–22
and La eternidad del instante, 15, 34, 51, 67–70, 76–77, 95–96, 114, 131–32, 140–44, 147–48, 173 n 13, 174 n 9, 173 n 26, 176 n 2, 178 n 13, 179 n 21, 181 n 16, 203 n 38, 203 n 47, 216, 220
and I Gave You All I Had, 74–75, 106, 108–10, 150, 153, 175 n 21, 180 n 8, 203 n 39
and Querido primer novio, 109
Varela, Beatriz, 20, 137, 173 n 2, 191 n 3, 201 n 14, 203 n 38, 220
Voodoo, 44, 98, 100
Whitening, 141
Wilson, Andrew R., 14, 18, 220
Wong, José, 126, 127, 196 n 22
Woong, José. See Wong, José
Wong, María del Carmen, xiii, 155

(p.228) Ignacio López-Calvo is professor of Latin American literature at the University of California, Merced. He is the author of Written in Exile: Chilean Fiction from 1973-Present (2001); Religión y militarismo en la obra de Marcos Aguinis 1963–2000 (2002); and “God and Trujillo”: Literary and Cultural Representations of the Dominican Dictator (University Press of Florida, 2005).