Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
HMS Fowey Lost and FoundBeing the Discovery, Excavation, and Identification of a British Man-of-War Lost
off the Cape of Florida in 1748$

Russell K. Skowronek

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780813033204

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813033204.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use (for details see http://www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 26 February 2017

(p.212) (p.213) References Cited

(p.212) (p.213) References Cited

Source:
HMS Fowey Lost and Found
Publisher:
University Press of Florida

Copies of many of the primary documents cited in this book may be found in the George R. Fischer Collection housed at the St. Augustine Lighthouse and Museum.

Bibliography references:

Primary or Unpublished References

British Library, London

1733 “Map of Florida Keys 1733” (call number 31357 NNN)

Lloyd's List, No. 1338, Tuesday, September 20, 1748

New York Weekly Journal, August 1, 1748, No. 763, page 2

South Carolina Gazette, June 27–July 9, 1748, No. 742, page 4

Bibliography references:

Legal Cases

Craft. 1992. CV 92 1769

Craft. 1994. 34 F.2d 918 (9th Cir.)

Sea Hunt, Inc. Plaintiff v. Kingdom of Spain and Commonwealth of Virginia. 2000. United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, Eastern District of Virginia, at Norfolk (CA-98-281-2)

U.S. v. Salvors, Inc. (Fisher). 1997. No. 92-10027 (S.D. Fla.)

Bibliography references:

National Archives (formerly the Public Records Office), Kew, Admiralty Records

ADM 1/234 Letters from Senior Officers, Jamaica 1746–1758

ADM 1/480 Letters from Commanders-in-Chief North America, 1745–1763

ADM 1/480 and 1/5292 Boston Evening Post, dateline Newport, R.I., July 22, 1748

ADM 1/5292 Courts-Martial, 1748–1749

ADM 6/17 Commission and Warrant Book, 1745–1751

ADM 7/571/171 Abstracts of the Proceedings

ADM 8/25 List Books

ADM 32/83 Pay Books

ADM 36/1187 Jaimaica Cheque [sic], Complement-Victuals-Muster Lists

ADM 36/1187 Muster Books, Fowey

ADM 51/340 Captains’ Logs

ADM 51/3844 Captains’ Logs

(p.214) ADM 107/3 Lieutenants’ Passing Certificates, 1712–1745

ADM 180/2 Progress and Dimension Books

ADM 180/3 Progress and Dimension Books, 5th Rates & Below, 1722–1775

ADM 354/141/17 Navy Board Out-letters, Correspondence 1749

Bibliography references:

National Maritime Museum, Greenwich: Draughts and Plans

Ranks and Titles of Naval Officers, 1983 (mimeograph no. 24487)

Reg. No. 1791, Box 33, Admiralty Whitehall

Reg. No. 1821, Box 33, Admiralty Whitehall

Bibliography references:

Nova Scotia Public Archives

MG100, Vol. 178, No. 12 or RG1, Vol. 19 (Extracts from Contemporary Correspondence or Louisbourg Letters)

Bibliography references:

U.S. Government

Federal Register. 2004. Department of State [Public Notice 4614], Office of Ocean Affairs. Protection of Sunken Warships, Military Aircraft and Other Sunken Property, February 5, 69(24): 5647–5648.

Secondary References

Adams, Eric. 1996. Hurricane Uncovers 19th-Century Wreck. Naval History 10(5):32–35.

Ansel, Willits. 1976. The Building of a Wooden Ship. Photocopy handout. Mystic Seaport Museum, Mystic, Conn.

Archibald, Edward H. H. 1968. The Wooden Fighting Ship in the Royal Navy A.D. 897–1860. Arco Publishing Co., Inc., New York.

Barton, Kenneth J. 1977. The Western European Coarse Earthenwares from the Wreck of the Machault. Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History, vol. 16. Parks Canada, Ottawa.

———. 1981. Coarse Earthenwares from the Fortress of Louisbourg. History and Archaeology Series 55. Parks Canada, Ottawa.

Bass, George F. 1979. The Men Who Stole the Stars. Sea History 12 (Fall): 30.

Bidwell, Randy. 1983. Preservation of Natural Resources-Elk Horn Reef, Case Incident Report #830240, July 14. Biscayne National Park and Southeast Archeological Center.

Binkley, Cameron. 2007. Science, Politics, and the “Big Dig”: A History of the Southeast Archeological Center and Development of Cultural Resource Management in the Southeast. Cultural Resources Division, Southeast Regional Office, Atlanta, Ga.

Bishop, Robert. 1763. Further Observations and Remarks Made in the Years 1761 and 1762 for the Safer Navigation of Divers Parts of the West Indies. 1st edition. London. (Original in the John Carter Brown Library, Brown University, Providence, R.I.)

(p.215) ———. 1765. Instructions and Observations Relative to the Navigation of the Windward and Gulph Passages, as Laid Down in Two Large Charts. 2d edition. Dedicated, by Permission, to the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty. Printed by the author and sold, with the charts at the Jamaica Coffee-House, London. (Original in the John Carter Brown Library, Brown University, Providence, R.I.)

Blanchette, Jean-François. 1981. The Role of Artifacts in the Study of Foodways in New France, 1720–60. History and Archaeology Series 52. Parks Canada, Ottawa.

Broad, William J. 2000. Court Ruling on Spanish Frigates Foils Modern-Day Treasure Hunt. New York Times, July 31, pp. A1, A11.

Brown, Margaret K. 1971. Glass from Fort Michilimackinac: A Classification for Eighteenth-Century Glass. Michigan Archaeologist 17: 3–4.

Burgess, Robert F. 1980. Man 12,000 Years under the Sea: A Story of Underwater Archaeology. Dodd, Mead and Company, New York.

———. 1988. Sunken Treasure: Six Who Found Fortunes. Dodd, Mead and Company, New York.

———. 2000 [1977]. They Found Treasure. IUniverse.com, Lincoln.

Burgess, Robert F., and Carl J. Clausen. 1976. Gold, Galleons, and Archaeology. Bobbs-Merrill, Indianapolis.

———. 1982. Florida's Golden Galleons: The Search for the 1715 Spanish Treasure Fleet. Florida Classics Library, Port Salerno, Fla.

Calver, William L., and Reginald P. Bolton. 1950. History Written with Pick and Shovel. New York Historical Society, New York.

Charnock, John. 1797. Biographia Navalis; or, Impartial Memoirs of the Lives and Characters of Officers of the Navy of Great Britain. Vol. 5. R. Faulder, London. (Original in the Stanford University Library, Stanford, Calif.)

———. 1798. Biographia Navalis; or, Impartial Memoirs of the Lives and Characters of Officers of the Navy of Great Britain. Vol. 6. R. Faulder, London. (Original in the Stanford University Library, Stanford, Calif.)

Childs, R. G. 1983. Preservation of Natural Resources—Legare Anchorage, Case Incident Report #830317, September 1. Biscayne National Park and Southeast Archeological Center.

Clausen, Carl J., and J. Barto Arnold III. 1976. The Magnetometer and Underwater Archaeology. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology and Underwater Exploration 5(2): 158–165.

Colledge, J. J. 1969. Ships of the Royal Navy, An Historical Index. Vol. 1, Major Ships. David and Charles, Newton Abbot.

———. 1987. Ships of the Royal Navy. Naval Institute Press, Annapolis.

Copeland, Peter. 1969. Small Arms from Spanish 18th-Century Shipwreck Sites. Military Collector and Historian (Washington, D.C.) (Spring): 18.

Crankshaw, Joe, and Mary Voboril. 1979. Finders Keepers, Judge Lets Diver Keep Sunken Galleon, for Now. Miami Herald, October 27.

Culver, Henry B., and Gordon Grant. 1924. The Book of Old Ships. Garden City Publishing Co., Inc., New York.

(p.216) Curry, Richard. 1983. Preservation of Resources—Legare Anchorage, Case Incident Report #830352, October 20. Biscayne National Park and Southeast Archeological Center.

Day, James. 1988. Seascape. Philip Morris Magazine 3(3): 40–43.

Deagan, Kathleen A. 1978. Ceramic Dates—St. Augustine Field School. MS on file, St. Augustine Historic Preservation Board.

Delgado, James P. (editor). 1997. British Museum Encyclopedia of Underwater and Maritime Archaeology. British Museum Press, London.

Donnellan, Rebecca A. 1988. Litigation regarding the Legare Anchorage Shipwreck. In In Search of Our Maritime Past (Proceedings of the Fifteenth Conference on Underwater Archaeology, Williamsburg, Va., 1984), ed. J. W. Bream, R. Folse-Elliot, C. V. Jackson, and G. P. Watts, pp. 147–148. Program in Maritime History and Underwater Research, East Carolina University, Greenville, N.C.

Elliot-Drake, Lady Elizabeth Fuller. 1911. The Family and Heirs of Sir Francis Drake. Smith, Elder and Co., London.

Fairbanks, Charles H. 1973. The Cultural Significance of Spanish Ceramics. In Ceramics in America, ed. I. M. G. Quimby, 141–174. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville.

Federal Agency Is Proud Owner of Spanish Galleon It Can't Find. 1980. Tallahassee Democrat, January 12, p. 2B.

Fischer, George R. 1975. Preliminary Archeological Assessment, Biscayne National Monument, Fla. MS on file, Southeast Archeological Center, Tallahassee, Fla.

———. 1983. 106 Statement: Biscayne National Park Underwater Archeological Investigation Site BISC-UW-20. MS on file, Southeast Archeological Center, Tallahassee, Fla.

———. 1988. Investigation of the Legare Anchorage Shipwreck,, Biscayne National Park, Florida. In In Search of Our Maritime Past (Proceedings of the Fifteenth Conference on Underwater Archaeology, Williamsburg, Va., 1984), ed. J. W. Bream, R. Folse-Elliot, C. V. Jackson, and G. P. Watts, pp. 143–167. Program in Maritime History and Underwater Research, East Carolina University, Greenville, N.C.

———. 1997. Letters. Naval History 11: 3.

Fischer, George, and Richard E. Johnson. 1980. Interim Report: Underwater Archeological Survey of Legare Anchorage Biscayne National Park. MS on file, Southeast Archeological Center, Tallahassee, Fla.

———. 1981. (Draft) Legare Anchorage Wreck Survey, Testing and Historical Research. MS on file, Southeast Archeological Center, Tallahassee, Fla.

Fischer, George R., and Marion J. Riggs. 1968a. Prospectus for Underwater Archeology. Division of Archeology, National Park Service, Washington, D.C.

——— (compilers). 1968b. Legislative and Related Guidelines for Archeological Programs (mimeograph). Division of Archeology, National Park Service, Washington, D.C.

Garner, F. H. 1948. English Delftware. Faber and Faber, London.

Goggin, John M. 1960. Underwater Archaeology: Its Nature and Limitations. American Antiquity 23(3): 348–354.

(p.217) Gooding, S. James. 1980. An Introduction to British Artillery in North America. Museum Restoration Service, Bloomfield, Ontario.

Gower, Richard Hall. 1808. A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Seamanship. Wilkie and Robinson, London.

Gregor, Hugh. 1973. HMS Victory. Macmillan Press Ltd., London.

Grimm, Jacob L. 1970. Archaeological Investigation of Fort Ligonier 1960–1965. Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh.

Hall, Jerome Lynn. 2007. The Fig and the Spade: Countering Deceptions of Treasure Hunters. AIA Archaeology Watch, August 15, pp. 1–10. Archaeological Institute of America, New York.

Hanson, Lee, and Dick Ping Hsu. 1975. Casemates and Cannonballs: Archeological Investigations at Fort Stanwix, Rome, New York. Publications in Archeology No. 14. Department of the Interior, Washington, D.C.

Harris, Jane E. 1979. Eighteenth-Century French Blue-Green Bottles from the Fortress of Louisbourg, Nova Scotia. History and Archaeology Series 29. Parks Canada, Ottawa.

Hitchcock, Ann. 2006. FOIA and Protecting Cultural Resources. In People, Places, and Parks: Proceedings of the 2005 George Wright Society Conference on Parks, Protected Areas, and Cultural Sites, ed. David Harmon, 471. George Wright Society, Hancock, Mich.

Johnson, Richard E. 1980. Memo to Richard D. Faust, Chief, Southeast Archeological Center, December 12.

Biscayne National Park—Research Possibilities regarding Possible British Origin of the Legare Wreck (BISC-UW-20). MS on file, Southeast Archeological Center, Tallahassee, Fla.

———. 1981. The Historical Geography(?) of the HMS Fowey. MS on file, Southeast Archeological Center, Tallahassee, Fla.

———. 1988. The Historical Geography of the [sic] HMS Fowey. In In Search of Our Maritime Past (Proceedings of the Fifteenth Conference on Underwater Archaeology, Williamsburg, Va., 1984), ed. J. W. Bream, R. Folse-Elliot, C. V. Jackson, and G. P. Watts, pp. 163–166. Program in Maritime History and Underwater Research, East Carolina University, Greenville, N.C.

Johnson, Richard E., and Russell K. Skowronek. 1983. A Quantitative Analysis of Patterning Potential in Shipwreck Artifact Assemblages. Paper presented at the 1983 meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology/Conference on Underwater Archaeology—Session 32, Denver, Colo.

Judge Rejects Man's Claim to Salvage English Shipwreck. 1983. Orlando Sentinel, July 29, p. B-5.

King, Dean, with John B. Hattendorf and J. Worth Estes, 1995. A Sea of Words. Henry Holt and Company, New York.

Laver, James, 1948. British Military Uniforms. Penguin Books, London.

Lee, Ronald F. 1970. Antiquities Act of 1906. Office of History and Historic Architecture, Eastern Service Center, Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Washington, D.C.

Lenihan, Daniel. 2002. Submerged: Adventures of America's Most Elite Underwater Archaeology Team. Newmarket Press, New York.

(p.218) Logan, Patricia A. 1977. The San José y Las Animas : An Analysis of the Ceramic Collection. MS thesis, Department of Anthropology, Florida State University.

Long, George A. 1973a. Progress Report on Faience Research. Research Bulletin 12. National Historic Sites Service, Canada.

———. 1973b. Tin-Glazed Earthenware from the Machault. Research Bulletin 13. National Historic Sites Service, Canada.

Lyon, Eugene. 1976. The Trouble with Treasure. National Geographic 149(6): 787–809.

MacDonald, Peter. 2002. Letter to Major D. B. Trelewicz RE: HMS FOWEY. April 5. Ministry of Defence, Naval Personnel Secretariat, Room 123, Victory Bldg., HM Naval Base, Portsmouth, PO1 3LS (Ref. D/CSAUSNP/NSD16/2/6).

MacIver, Edward. 1733. Deposition to the Governor. Calendar of State Papers, America and the West Indies, 1733. Cecil Headlam and Arthur P. Newton, editors. His Majesty′s Stationary Office, 1939 #338 ii: 190–191.

MacNeill, Ben Dixon. 1958. The Hatterasman. John F. Blair, Publisher, Winston-Salem, N.C.

Mansir, A. Richard. 1981. A Modeler's Guide to Naval Architecture. Moonraker Publications, Dana Point, Calif.

Manucy, Albert. 1949. Artillery through the Ages. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Marcus, Geoffrey J. 1975. Heart of Oak: A Survey of British Sea Power in the Georgian Era. Oxford University Press, London.

Marden, Luis. 1957. I Found the Bones of the Bounty. National Geographic Magazine 112(6): 725–789.

Marsden, Peter. 1974. The Wreck of the Amsterdam. Stein and Day, Briarcliff Manor, N.Y.

Marx, Robert F. 1969. Shipwrecks in Florida Waters. Scott Publishing Co., Eau Gallie, Fla.

———. 1975. The Underwater Dig: An Introduction to Marine Archaeology. Henry Z. Walck, Inc., New York.

———. 1979. Shipwrecks in the Western Hemisphere, 1492–1825. World Publishing Co., New York.

———. 1983. Shipwrecks in the Americas. Bonanza Books, New York.

Masse, H. J. L. J. 1921 (2004). The Pewter Collector. Kessinger Publishing, Whitefish, Mont.

May, W. E. 1958. The Wreck of the HMS Fowey. Mariner's Mirror 44(1): 320–324.

McNally, Paul. 1977. Table Glass from the Wreck of the Machault. Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History, vol. 16. Parks Canada, Ottawa.

———. 1979. French Table Glass from the Fortress of Louisbourg, Nova Scotia. History and Archaeology Series, vol. 29. Parks Canada, Ottawa.

———. 1982. Table Glass in Canada 1700–1850. History and Archaeology Series, vol. 60. Parks Canada, Ottawa.

Meylach, Martin. 1971. Diving to a Flash of Gold. Doubleday, Garden City, N.Y.

Miller, J. Jefferson, and Lyle M. Stone. 1970. Eighteenth-Century Ceramics from Fort Michilimackinac. Smithsonian Studies in History and Technology, no. 4. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

(p.219) Moore, Warren. 1967. Weapons of the American Revolution and Accoutrements. Promontory Press, New York.

Moulton, J. L. 1972. The Royal Marines. W. and J. Mackay Ltd., Chatham, Great Britain.

Muckelroy, Keith. 1978. Maritime Archaeology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Murphy, Larry E. 1990. 8SL-17: Natural Site-Formation Processes of a Multiple-Component Underwater Site in Florida. Southwest Cultural Resources Center Professional Papers, No. 39. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Southwest Region, Southwest Cultural Resources Center, Submerged Cultural Resources Unit, Santa Fe, N.Mex.

Naish, G. P. B. 1975. HMS Victory. Pitkin Pictorials Ltd., London.

Neumann, George C., and Frank J. Kravic. 1967. The History of Weapons of the American Revolution. Bonanza Books, New York.

———. 1973. Swords and Blades of the American Revolution. Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, Pa.

———. 1975. Collector's Illustrated Encyclopedia of the American Revolution. Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, Pa.

Newman, T. Stell. 1975. Preliminary Historical Studies Plan, Biscayne National Monument, Homestead, Florida. Denver Service Center, U.S. Department of the Interior.

Noël Hume, Ivor. 1968. Historical Archaeology. W. W. Norton and Co., Inc., New York.

———. 1969a. Glass in Colonial Williamsburg Archaeological Collections. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Va.

———. 1969b. A Guide to Artifacts of Colonial America. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

———. 1969c. Pottery and Porcelain in Colonial Williamsburg Archaeological Collections. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Va.

———. 1977. Early English Delftware from London and Virginia. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Va.

North, Rene, 1970. Military Uniforms 1686–1918. Bantam Books, New York.

Ollivier, Blaise. 1739 (1992). Translated by David H. Roberts. 18th Century Shipbuilding—Remarks on the Navies of the English and the Dutch from Observations Made in Their Dockyards in 1737 by Blaise Ollivier: Master Shipwright of the King of France. Jean Boudriot Publications, Paris.

Perkins, D. R. J. 1979. The Isle of Thanet Archaeological Unit. Graphic Art and Print, London.

Peterson, Harold L. 1969. Round Shot and Rammers. Bonanza Books, New York.

Peterson, Mendel L. 1955. The Last Cruise of H.M.S. “Loo.” Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 131(2): 1–55. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

———. 1973. History under the Sea. Mendel Peterson, Alexandria, Va.

———. 1974a. Diving for New World Wrecks. In Undersea Treasures, pp. 131–149. National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C.

———. 1974b. Pioneers in the Search for Gold. In Undersea Treasures, pp. 38–59. National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C.

Pope, Dudley, 1987. Life in Nelson's Navy. Unwin Hyman Ltd., London.

Rankin, Hugh F. 1960. The Pirates of Colonial North Carolina. Division of Archives and History, North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, Raleigh.

(p.220) Rodger, N. A. M. 1981. Letter to N. J. Juse, Southeast Regional Office, National Park Service, Atlanta, Ga. NPS ref. #H42-SER-OC; PRO ref. Q 6177.

———. 1986. The Wooden World: An Anatomy of the Georgian Navy. Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, Md.

———. 2004. The Command of the Ocean. Penguin Books and the National Maritime Museum, London.

Rogers, Jerry L., to Regional Director, Southeast Region. 1986. Review of Draft Report “Archeological Testing and Evaluation of the Legare Anchorage Shipwreck Site, Biscayne National Park, Summer 1983,” July 21, H30(418). National Park Service, Washington, D.C.

Romans, Bernard. 1775 (1962). A Concise Natural History of East and West Florida. Rem-bert W. Patrick, editor. University of Florida Press, Gainesville.

———. 1775 (1999). A Concise Natural History of East and West Florida. Kathryn E. Holland Braund, editor. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.

Romans, Bernard, with W. G. De Brahm, Bishop, Hester, Archibald Dalzel, George Gauld, and Lt. Woodriffe. 1799. A New and Enlarged Book of Sailing Directions for Captain Romans’ Gulf and Windward Pilot, Containing Full Instructions for Sailing through the Gulf of Florida; or, the Old and New Channels of Bahama: Together with Directions for the Windward Passage. Robert Laurie and James Whittle, No. 53 Fleet Street, London. (Original in the John Carter Brown Library, Brown University, Providence, R.I.)

Romans, Bernard, W. Gerrard De Brahm, Capt. Hester, and Capt. Bishop. 1783. The Com-pleat Pilot for the Gulf Passage or, Directions for Sailing through the Gulf of Florida, or New Bahama Channel, and the Neighboring Parts. Robert Sayer and John Bennett, Chart-Sellers, Fleet Street, London. (Original in the John Carter Brown Library, Brown University, Providence, R.I.)

Seidel, John L., and Larry E. Murphy. 1996. Documentation and Stabilization of BISC-20: Lessons in Site Formation Processes and Preservation. Paper presented in Session 33, “From California to the Great Lakes, from Airplanes to Gun Batteries: Current Research in Underwater Archaeology.” Society for Historical Archaeology and Conference on Underwater Archaeology Annual Meeting, Cincinnati, Ohio (Saturday, January 6).

Shaw, Simeon. 1829 [1970]. History of the Staffordshire Potteries. Reprint, David and Charles Ltd., South Devon House, London.

Skowronek, Russell K. 1979. The Klein Case and the Protection of Cultural Resources on the Outer Continental Shelf (Biscayne National Park). MS on file, National Park Service, Southeast Archeological Center, Tallahassee, Fla.

———. 1981. His Majesty's Ship Fowey : Historical Research in Great Britain. MS on file, Southeast Archeological Center, Tallahassee, Fla.

———. 1982. Trade Patterns of Eighteenth Century Frontier New Spain: The 1733 Flota and St. Augustine. MA thesis, Department of Anthropology, Florida State University.

———. 1984a. Archaeological Testing and Evaluation of the Legare Anchorage Shipwreck (p.221) Site, Biscayne National Park, Summer 1983. National Park Service, Southeast Archeological Center, Tallahassee, Fla.

———. 1984b. Trade Patterns of Eighteenth Century Frontier New Spain: The 1733 Flota and St. Augustine. Volumes in Historical Archaeology. Stanley South, editor. South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

———. 1985. Sport Divers and Archaeology: The Case of the Legare Anchorage Ship Site. Archaeology Magazine 38(3): 22–27.

———. 1988. Testing and Evaluation of the Legare Anchorage Shipwreck. In In Search of Our Maritime Past (Proceedings of the Fifteenth Conference on Underwater Archaeology, Williamsburg, Va., 1984), ed. J. W. Bream, R. Folse-Elliot, C. V. Jackson, and G. P. Watts, 149–157. Program in Maritime History and Underwater Research, East Carolina University, Greenville, N.C.

———. 1997. Letters. Naval History 11(1): 14.

———. 2002. HMS Fowey. In Encyclopedia of Historical Archaeology, ed. Charles E. Orser, 231–232. Routledge, London.

Skowronek, Russell K., Richard E. Johnson, Richard H. Vernon, and George R. Fischer. 1987. The Legare Anchorage Shipwreck Site-Grave of HMS Fowey. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 16(4): 313–324.

Smith, E. Ann. 1981. Glassware from a Reputed 1745 Siege Debris Context at the Fortress of Louisbourg. History and Archaeology Series 55. Parks Canada, Ottawa.

Smith, George S. (SEAC), Guy Prentice (SEAC), John Cornelison (SEAC), Larry Murphy (SCRU), and David Brewer (SEAC). 1992. Hurricane Andrew Resource Damage Survey, Archeological Damage Assessment, Big Cypress National Preserve, Biscayne National Park, Everglades National Park. September 29 report on file, Southeast Archeological Center, National Park Service, Tallahassee, Fla.

South, Stanley. 1977. Method and Theory in Historical Archaeology. Academic Press, New York.

Steffy, J. Richard. 1986. Letter to George R. Fischer dated May 5, 1986. Nautical Archaeology, College Station, Texas A&M University. On file, SEAC, May 20, 1986.

Steffy, J. R., et al. 1981. The Charon Report: Underwater Archaeology in the Challenge before Us. Proceedings of the Twelfth Conference on Underwater Archaeology, San Marion, Calif.

Sténuit, Robert. 1974a. Future Challenges, Lost Fortunes. In Undersea Treasures, pp. 172–195. National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C.

———. 1974b. Wrecks and Riches: The Lure Below. In Undersea Treasures, pp. 8–37. National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C.

Stevens, Robert White. 1867. On the Stowage of Ships and Their Cargoes. 4th ed. Long-mans, Green, Reader, and Dyer, London.

Stewart, W. Roderick. 1980. The Guns of the Frigate Unicorn. Unicorn Preservation Society, Victoria Dock, Dundee.

Stone, Lyle M. 1974. Fort Michilimackinac, 1715–1781. Michigan State University, East Lansing.

(p.222) Swalm, Tod. 1979. South Miami Heights Man Wins Temporary Custody of “Treasures.” South Dade News Leader, October 29, pp. 2A, 8A.

Throckmorton, Peter. 1974. Archaeology on Old World Wrecks. In Undersea Treasures, pp. 104–129. National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C.

Tilmant, James T., Richard Curry, and Richard D. Conant, Jr. 1982. Biological, Hydro-logical and Sedimentary Characteristics of a Historical Shipwreck in Legare Anchorage, Biscayne National Park, Florida. MS on file, National Park Service, South Florida Research Center, Everglades National Park, Homestead, Fla.

Trelewicz, Denis B. 2001. In Search of Information Pertaining to the Wreck of the H.M.S. FOWEY, a British Frigate. Downloaded 5 September 2006 at http://www.imacdigest.com/hms.html.

Vernon, Richard H. 1984. The Role of Ceramics in Shipwreck Identification: An Example from Biscayne National Park. Paper presented in Symposium 6, Meetings of the Society for Historical Archaeology/Conference on Underwater Archaeology, Williamsburg, Va.

———. 1988. The Role of Ceramics in Shipwreck Identification: An Example from Biscayne National Park. In In Search of Our Maritime Past (Proceedings of the Fifteenth Conference on Underwater Archaeology, Williamsburg, Va., 1984), ed. J. W. Bream, R. Folse-Elliot, C. V. Jackson, and G. P. Watts, pp. 160–162. Program in Maritime History and Underwater Research, East Carolina University, Greenville, N.C.

Wagner, Kip. 1965. Drowned Galleons Yield Spanish Gold: Adventurous Divers in Florida Bring Up the 20th Century's Richest Find of Sunken Treasure. National Geographic 138(1): 1–37.

——— (as told to L. B. Taylor, Jr.). 1966. Pieces of Eight: Recovering the Riches of a Lost Spanish Treasure Fleet. E. P. Dutton and Company, Inc., New York.

Wild, Kenneth S. 1983. Research Design, BISC-UW-20, Legare Anchorage Shipwreck Site. MS on file, Southeast Archeological Center, Tallahassee, Fla.

———. 1988. The Legare Anchorage Shipwreck Project: Data Retrieval and Site Preservation. In In Search of Our Maritime Past (Proceedings of the Fifteenth Conference on Underwater Archaeology, Williamsburg, Va., 1984), ed. J. W. Bream, R. Folse-Elliot, C. V. Jackson, and G. P. Watts, pp. 158–159. Program in Maritime History and Underwater Research, East Carolina University, Greenville, N.C.

Zander, Caroline M., and Ole Varmer. 1996. Contested Waters. Common Ground 1(3/4): Online Archives.