Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Brazilian Foreign Policy after the Cold War$

Sean W. Burges

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780813033334

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813033334.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use (for details see http://www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 26 February 2017

(p.192) (p.193) Bibliography

Source:
Brazilian Foreign Policy after the Cold War
Publisher:
University Press of Florida

Bibliography references:

Abdenur, Roberto. 1994a. “A política externa brasileira e o ‘sentimento de exclusão.” In Fonseca Júnior and Nabuco de Castro (1994).

———. 1994b. “Política externa e desenvolvimento.” Política Externa 3 (3) (December): 51–71.

———. 1997. “Mercosul, Alca, União Européia—Reflexões para uma estratégia brasileira.” Política Externa 6 (2) (September): 62–70.

Adler, Emanuel and Michael Barnett, eds. 1998. Security Communities. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Alden, Chris, and Marco Antonio Vieira. 2005. “The New Diplomacy of the South: South Africa, Brazil, India, and Trilateralism.” Third World Quarterly 26 (7): 1077–1095.

Aleixo, José Carlos Brandi. 1989. “Fundamentos e linhas gerais da política externa do Brasil.” Revista Brasileira de Ciência Política 1 (1) (March): 7–44.

Almeida, Paulo Roberto de. 1993. “O Mercosul no contexto regional e internacional.” Política Externa 2 (2) (September): 86–103.

———. 2001. “Relações internacionais e política externa do Brasil: Uma perspectiva historíca.” Meridiano 47 (10–12): (April–June).

———. 2003. “A política internacional do Partido dos Trabalhadores: Da fundação à diplomacia do governo Lula.” Revista Sociológica Política 20 (June): 87–102.

———. 2004. “Uma política externa engajada: A diplomacia do governo Lula.” Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional 47 (1): 162–184.

———. 2005. “Políticas de integração regional do governo Lula.” Política Internacional, no. 29 (November) 33–62.

Almeida-Medeiros, Marcelo de. 1995. “Relações externas do MERCOSUL: Uma abordagem brasileira.” Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional 38 (2): 31–58.

Amann, Edmund. 1999. “Technological Self-reliance in Brazil: Achievements and Prospects: Some Evidence from the Non-serial Capital Goods Sector.” Oxford Development Studies 27 (3): 329–357.

(p.194) ———and Werner Baer. 2002. “Neoliberalism and Its Consequences in Brazil.” Journal of Latin American Studies 34: 945–959.

Amann, Edmund, and F. I. Nixon. 1999. “Globalisation and the Brazilian Steel Industry: 1988–1997.” Journal of Development Studies 35 (6) (August): 59–88.

Amatangelo, Gina. 2001. “Andean Regional Initiative: A Policy Fated to Fail.” Foreign Policy in Focus 6 (29) (August): 1–4.

Amin, Samir. 1999. “Regionalization in Response to Polarizing Globalization.” In Hettne, Inotai, and Sunkel (1999).

Amorim, Celso L. N. 1991a. “O Brasil e a ordem internacional pós-golfo.” Contexto Internacional 13 (1) (January–June): 25–34.

———. 1991b. “Despacho ao Memorandum DAM-I/108” (27 February). Brasília: Secretaria de Estado das Relações Exteriores.

———. 1994. “Uma diplomacia voltada para o desenvolvimento e a democracia.” In Fonseca Júnior and Nabuco de Castro (1994).

———. 2002. “Uma política firme, sem confrontos.” Entrevista concedida pelo embaixador Celso Amorim à Gazeta Mercantil (18 December): www.mre.gov.br.

———. 2003a. Celso Amorim (depoimento, 1997). Rio de Janeiro: CPDOC.

———. 2003b. Discurso proferido pelo embaixador Celso Amorim por ocasião da transmissão do cardo de Ministro de Estado das Relações Exteriores. Brasília (1 January): www.mre.gov.br.

———. 2003c. “Resultados, não prazos.” Entrevista concedida a revista Istoé (2 June): www.mre.gov.br.

———. 2003d. “Indústria brasileira.” Entrevista à revista CNI. Brasília (1 October): www.mre.gov.br.

———. 2004. Statement by Minister Celso Amorim at the G-90 Meeting. Georgetown, Guyana (3 June).

Anderson, Jon Lee. 2001. “The Revolutionary: The President of Venezuela Has a Vision, and Washington Has a Headache.” The New Yorker (10 September).

Andrade, Virgílio Moretzsohn de. 1989. “Memorandum para Secretaria de Estado, Transporte Terrestre. Ligação Atlântico-Pacifico via Paraguai.” Etra L00 E05, DTC/ DOC/DAM-I (26 October). Asunción, Paraguay: Brazilian Embassy.

Aquino, Ricardo Caballero. 1997. “A Most Unholy City in the East.” Hemisfile 8 (6) (November–December): 6–7.

Arditi, Benjamín. 1995. “Cálculo y contingencia en las transiciones a la democracia: La experiencia paraguaya.” European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, no. 58 (June): 77–95.

Argentina, Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Comercio Internacional y Culto. 2002. “Argentina, Brasil, Paraguay y EE. UU. (‘3+1’) analizaron cuestión ‘triple frontera.’” Dirección de Prensa, Información para la Prensa, no. 197/2002 (18 December).

Arrighi, Giovanni. 1993. “The Three Hegemonies of Historical Capitalism.” In Gill (1993).

Arroio, Ana Carolina Machado. 1995. “A política externa e o sistema brasileiro de telecomunicações por satélite.” Contexto Internacional 17 (1) (January–June): 61–88.

(p.195) Arvelaiz, Maximillien, and Temir Ponceleon. 2002. “Pushing for a Coup d’État.” Covert Action Quarterly, no. 72 (Spring): 12–16.

Augelli, Enrico, and Craig N. Murphy. 1993. “Gramsci and International Relations: A General Perspective with Examples from Recent US Policy toward the Third World.” In Gill (1993).

Bacha, Edmar L., and Pedro S. Malan. 1989. “Brazil’s Debt: From the Miracle to the Fund.” In Stepan (1989).

Banco Central do Brasil. 2002. “Capitais brasileiros no exterior”: www.bancocentral.gov.br.

Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social (BNDES). 1998a. Petrobrás: Cadernos de infra-estrutura: Fatos—estratégias, no. 9. Rio de Janeiro: BNDES, October.

———. 1998b. Petróleo: Cadernos de infra-estrutura: Fatos—estratégias, no. 10. Rio de Janeiro: BNDES, December.

Barbosa, Rubens Antônio. 1993a. “SGIE memorandum para o Sr. secretário-geral, ‘ALADI/GT ad hoc.’ Revisão do TM-80. Futuro da ALADI.” SGIE/035 (15 February). Brasília: Secretaria de Estado das Relações Exteriores.

———. 1993b. “Memorandum para o Sr. Ministro de Estado, interino: Presidente da Corporación Andina de Fomento. Encontro com o Ministro da Fazenda,” SGIE/191 (17 August). Brasília: Secretaria de Estado das Relações Exteriores.

———. 1994. “O Brasil e suas opções internacionais: A articulação entre o universal e o regional.” Política Externa 3 (3) (December): 101–116.

———. 1996. “O lugar do Brasil no mundo.” Política Externa 5 (2) (September): 69–82.

———. 2001. “A View from Brazil.” Washington Quarterly 24 (2): 149–158.

———. N.d. “The Evolution of the Integration Process in South America: From the Sixties to the Millennium.” Washington, D.C.: Brazilian Embassy: http://www.brasilemb.org/embaixado_evolution_sa.shtml.

———. 2007. Author interview (São Paulo, 28 March): Former Brazilian ambassador to London and Washington and former lead figure in Mercosur relations.

Barbosa, Rubens Antônio, and Luís Panelli César. 1994a. “A integração sub-regional, regional e hemisférica: O esforço brasileiro.” Fonseca Júnior and Nabuco de Castro (1994).

———. 1994b. “O Brasil como ‘global trader.’” Fonseca Júnior and Nabuco de Castro (1994).

Barreto, Fernando de Mello. 2001. Os sucessores do Barão, 1912–1964: Relações exteriores do Brasil. São Paulo: Paz e Terra.

Barros, Sebastião do Rego. 1995. “Seminário Eixos de Integração sul-americana corredores de exportação, 13 de setembro de 1995.” Barros (1999).

———. 1997. “A política externa e a defesa nacional—XXXII Curso de Aperfeiçoamento de Diplomatas.” 31 March. Reprinted in Barros (1999).

———. 1999. Política externa em tempo real: A gestão do Embaixador Sebastião do Rego Barros no Itamaraty, 3 de janeiro de 1995 a 31 de dezembro de 1998: Discursos, palestras, artigos e relatório. Brasília: FUNAG (Fundação Alexandre Gusmão).

(p.196) Bato, Marcel. 1999. “O processo de paz Peru-Equador.” Parcerias Estratégicas, no. 6 (March): 241–247.

Baumann, Renato, and Juan Carlos Lerda, eds. 1987a. Brasil-Argentina-Uruguai: A integração em debate. Brasília: Editora Universidade de Brasília.

———. 1987b. “A integração econômica entre Brasil, Argentina e Uruguai: Que tipo de integração se pretende?” Baumann and Lerda.

Becker, Bertha K., and Claudio A. G. Egler. 1992. Brazil: A New Regional Power in the World-Economy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Beers, Rand. 2001. “Andean Regional Initiative: Testimony by Assistant Secretary of State for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs to the Senate Committee on Appropriations Subcommittee, Washington, D.C., 11 July 2001.” DISAM Journal 23 (4) (Summer): 80–87.

Berger, Peter L., and Thomas Luckman. 1966. The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. New York: Doubleday.

Bernal-Meza, Raúl. 1999. “Políticas exteriores comparadas de Argentina e Brasil rumo ao Mercosul.” Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional 42 (2): 40–51.

———. 2002. “A política exterior do Brasil: 1990–2002.” Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional 45 (1): 36–71.

Bernier, Ivan, and Martin Roy. 1999. “NAFTA and Mercosur: Two Competing Models?” Mace and Bélanger (1999).

Bieler, Andreas, and David Morton. 2001a. “Introduction: Neo-Gramscian Perspectives in International Political Economy and the Relevance to European Integration.” Bieler and Morton (2001b).

———, eds. 2001b. Social Forces in the Making of the New Europe: The Restructuring of European Social Relations in the Global Political Economy. Basingstoke, U.K.: Palgrave.

Bonelli, Regis. 1998. “Las estrategias de los grandes grupos económicos brasileños.” Peres (1998).

———. 1999. “A Note on Foreign Direct Investment and Industrial Competitiveness in Brazil.” Oxford Development Studies 27 (3): 305–327.

Borja, Ivan. 1998. Author interview (Quito, 9 December): Colonel and public relations officer, Ministry of Defense, Ecuador.

Branford, Sue. 2003. “The Fernando Henrique Cardoso Legacy.” Branford and Kuchinski (2003).

———. 2003b. “The Making of a Leader.” Branford and Kuchinski (2003).

Branford, Sue, and Bernardo Kuchinski, eds. 2003. Politics Transformed: Lula and the Workers’ Party in Brazil. London: Latin American Bureau.

Brazil. Itamaraty. Subsecretaria-Geral de Planejamento Político e Econômico. 1993. “Reflexões sobre a política externa brasileira.” Working paper. Brasília: FUNAG/ IPRI.

———. Secretaria de Assuntos Internacionais, Ministerio de Fazenda. “Convênio de Pagamentos e créditos recíprocos (CCR)”: www.fazenda.gov.br/sain/m_inf_ccr.htm.

(p.197) Bresser-Pereira, Luiz Carlos. 2002. “The Second Washington Consensus and Brazil’s Quasi-Stagnation”: www.bresserpereira.org.br.

Brun, Diego Abente. 1998. “‘People Power’ in Paraguay,” Journal of Democracy 10 (3): 93–100.

Bueno, Clodoaldo. 2002a. “Parte II: Da agroexportação ao desenvolvimento (1889–1964).” Cervo and Bueno (2002).

———. 2002b. “O barão do Rio Branco e o Projeto da América do Sul.” Brasília: FUNAG/IPRI/ IRBr (2002).

Bulmer-Thomas, Victor and James Dunkerley, eds. The United States and Latin America: The New Agenda. 1999. London/Cambridge: Institute for Latin American Studies, University of London, and David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, Harvard University.

Burges, Sean W. 2005a. “Bounded by the Reality of Trade: Practical Limits to a South American Region.” Cambridge Review of International Affairs 18 (3) (October): 437–454.

———. 2005b. “Auto-Estima in Brazil: The Logic of Lula’s South-South Foreign Policy.” International Journal 60 (4): 1133–1151.

———. 2005c. “The OAS as Democratic Policeman?” FOCAL Point 4 (6) (June): 1–2.

———. 2006. “Without Sticks or Carrots: Brazilian Leadership in South America during the Cardoso Era, 1992–2003.” Bulletin of Latin American Research 25 (1) (January): 23–42.

———. 2007. “Building a Global Southern Coalition: The Competing Approaches of Brazil’s Lula and Venezuela’s Chávez.” Third World Quarterly 28 (7): 1343–1358.

———. 2008. “Consensual Hegemony: Theorizing Brazilian Foreign Policy after the Cold War.” International Relations 22 (1): 65–84.

Burges, Sean W., and Jean Daudelin. 2007. “Brazil: How Realists Defend Democracy.” Legler, Lean, and Boniface (2007).

Burns, E. Bradford. 1966. The Unwritten Alliance: Rio Branco and Brazilian-American Relations. New York: Columbia University Press.

Cabral, Otávio. 2007. “Nem na ditadura: Entrevista com Roberto Abdenur.” Veja (5 February).

Cafruny, Alan W. 1990. “A Gramscian Concept of Declining Hegemony: Stages of U.S. Power and the Evolution of International Relations.” Rapkin (1990).

Calleya, Stephen C., ed. 2000. Regionalism in the Post–Cold War Order. Aldershot, U.K.: Ashgate.

Cammack, Paul. 1997. Capitalism and Democracy in the Third World: The Doctrine for Political Development. London: Leicester University Press.

Cannabrava, Ivan. 1997. “Memorandum para o Sra. DG do DCD. Processo de paz Equador-Peru. MOMEP. Equipamento e operador de comunicações.” SGAP/96 (11 August). Brasília: Secretaria de Estado das Relações Exteriores.

Cardoso, Alberto Mendes. 2002. “Pronunciamento do Senhor Alberto Mendes Cardoso, chefe da delegação do Brasil ao II período ordinário de sessões do CICTE.” (p.198) Organization of American States, Comitê Interamericano contra o Terrorismo, se gundo período ordinário de sessões cicte/doc. 8/02 (30 January).

Cardoso, Fernando Henrique. 1973. “Associated-Dependent Development: Theoretical and Practical Implications.” Stepan (1973).

———. 1975. Autoritarismo e democratização. Rio de Janeiro: Paz e Terra.

———. 1979. “On the Characterization of Authoritarian Regimes in Latin America.” Collier (1979).

———. 1985. A democracia necessária. Campinas, Brazil: Papirus.

———. 1989. “Associated-Dependent Development and Democratic Theory.” Stepan (1989).

———. 1990. “New Approaches to Development in Latin America.” Cardoso with Font (2001).

———. 1993. “Toward a New Dialogue in North South Relations.” Cardoso with Font (2001).

———. 1995. “Democracy and Development.” CEPAL Review, no. 56 (August): 7–12.

———. 1996a. “Impacto da globalização nos países em desenvolvimento: Riscos e oportunidades.” Speech given at the Colegio de México, Mexico City (20 February).

———. 1996b. “The Impact of Globalization on Developing Countries.” Cardoso with Font (2001).

———. 1996c. “Globalization and International Relations.” Cardoso with Font (2001).

———. 1996d. “Globalization and Politics.” Cardoso with Font (2001).

———. 1997a. “Notas para a exposição do Senhor Presidente da República na Organização das Nações Unidas para a Alimentação e a Agricultura (FAO).” Rome (14 February).

———. 1997b. “Speech to the London School of Economics and Political Science.” London (3 December).

———. 1997c. “As razões do presidente.” Veja (1997): www.mre.gov.br.

———. 1997d. “Discurso do Senhor Presidente da República no banquete oferecido pelo Lord Mayor e a Corporação de Londres no Guildhall.” London (3 December).

———. 1998a. “Discurso do Senhor Presidente na República na sessão comemorativa do cinqüentenário do Sistema Multilateral de Comércio.” Geneva (19 May).

———. 1998b. “Speech to the Twentieth Special Session of the General Assembly Devoted to the Fight against Illicit Production, Sale, Demand, Traffic and Distribution of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and Related Activities.” New York (8 June).

———. 1999a. Discurso na abertura da Primeira Reunião do Foro Empresarial Mercosul—Europa. Rio de Janeiro (21 February).

———. 1999b. Discurso na almoço com o Presidente do México na Fiesp. São Paulo (28 April).

———. 1999c. Discurso por ocasião da abertura da IX Conferência Ibero-Americana. Havana (15–16 November).

(p.199) ———. 1999d. “Progressive Governance for the 21st Century.” Speech, Florence, Italy (20–21 November).

———. 1999e. Discurso por ocasião da Reunião do Conselho do Mercado Comum com Bolívia e Chile. Montevideo (8 December).

———. 2000a. “An Age of Citizenship.” Foreign Policy, no. 119 (Summer): 40–43.

———. 2000b. Speech at the lunch hosted by António Guterres, prime minister of Portugal. Lisbon (8 March).

———. 2000c. Speech on the occasion of the official visit to the Republic of Costa Rica. San José (4 April).

———. 2000d. Speech at the opening ceremony of the Hannover World Exposition—EXPO-2000. Hannover (31 May).

———. 2000e. “Brazil and a New South America.” Valor Econômico trans. Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Relations, Brazil (30 August).

———. 2000f. Speech to the German Society for Foreign Affairs. Berlin (5 October).

———. 2000g. “Address by the President of the Republic, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, at the opening session of the Fourth Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas.” Manaus, Brazil (17 October).

———. 2000h. Speech by the President of the Republic, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, at the opening ceremony of the Sixth Economic Summit of Mercosur, Rio Palace Hotel, Rio de Janeiro.

———. 2000i. Final address to the Sixth Mercosul Summit. Rio de Janeiro.

———. 2001. “A política externa do Brasil no início de um novo século: Uma mensagem do Presidente da República.” Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional 44 (1): 5–12.

———. 2002. “Towards a Democratic Global Governance: A Brazilian Perspective.” The Cyrill Foster Lecture, Oxford University (13 November).

———. 2006. A arte da política: A história que viví. Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira.

———. 2007. “New Paths: Reflections about Some Challenges of Globalization.” Speech delivered at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (26 March).

———, and William J. Clinton. 1997. “Remarks by President Clinton and President Cardoso at Reception, Brasília Room, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Brasília, Brazil.” Washington, D.C.: The White House, Office of the Press Secretary (13 October).

Cardoso, Fernando Henrique, and Enzo Faletto. 1979. Dependency and Development in Latin America. Trans. Marjory Mattingly Urquidi. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Cardoso, Fernando Henrique, with Maurício Font. 2001. Charting a New Course: The Politics of Globalization and Social Transformation. New York: Rowman & Little-field.

Cardoso, Fernando Henrique, and Celso Lafer. 2007. Author interview (São Paulo, 30 August).

Cardoso, Fernando Henrique, and Mário Soares. 1998. O mundo em português: Um diálogo. São Paulo: Paz e Terra.

(p.200) Cardoso, Fernando Henrique, and Roberto Pompeu de Toledo. 1998. O presidente segundo o sociólogo. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras.

Cardoso, Fernando Henrique, with Brian Winter. 2006. The Accidental President of Brazil: A Memoir. New York: Public Affairs.

Carriço, Sérgio S. 1989. “Memorandum para o Sr. Chefe do DAA, ‘Brasil-Bolívia. Gás.’ Visita dos Ministros Bedregal e Illanes.” DAM-II/18 (2 February). Brasília: Secretaria de Estado das Relações Exteriores.

Cason, Jeffrey. 2000. “Democracy Looks South: Mercosul and the Politics of Brazilian Trade Strategy.” Kingstone and Power (2000).

———. 2002. “On the Road to Southern Cone Economic Integration.” Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 42 (1) (Spring): 23–42.

Cavagnari Filho, Geraldo Lesbat. 2002. “Introdução à defesa da Amazônia.” Carta Internacional 10 (107–108): January–February–19.

Cervo, Amado Luiz. 1997. “Política de comércio exterior e desenvolvimento: A experiência brasileira.” Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional 40 (2): 5–26.

———. 2001. Relações internacionais da América Latina: Velhos e novos paradigmas. Brasília: Instituto Brasileiro de Relações Internacionais.

———. 2002. “Relações internacionais do Brasil: Um balanço da era Cardoso.” Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional 45 (1): 5–35.

———, and Clodoaldo Bueno. 2002. História da política exterior do Brasil. Brasília: Editora Universidade Nacional de Brasília.

Child, John. 1979. “Geopolitical Thinking in Latin America.” Latin American Research Review 14 (2): 89–111.

Chohfi, Osmar V. 2002. Author interview (Brasília, 8 October): Secretary general of Itamaraty; ambassador to Ecuador for four years in the 1990s and during the settling of the Ecuador-Peru border conflict.

Chudnovsky, Daniel, and Andrés López. 1999. “Inversión extranjera directa y empresas multinacionales de países en desarrollo: Tendencias y marco conceptual.” Chudnovsky, Kosacoff, and López (1999).

———. 2000. “A Third Wave of FDI from Developing Countries: Latin American TNCs in the 1990s.” Transnational Corporations 9 (2) (August): 31–74.

Chudnovsky, Daniel, Bernardo Kosacoff, and Andrés López, eds. 1999. Las multinacionales latinoamericanas: Sus estrategias en un mundo globalizado. Buenos Aires: Fondo de Cultura Económica de Argentina.

Cleaver, Vitória Alice. 1990. “DAM-I Memorandum para o Sr. Chefe do DAA, ‘Hidrovia Paraguai-Paraná.’ CIHPP. Objetivos, composição e natureza jurídica.” DAM-I/108 (27 December). Brasília: Secretaria de Estado das Relações Exteriores.

———. 1991. “Memorandum para o Sr. Chefe do DA, ‘Hidrovia Paraguai-Paraná.’ IV Reunião do Comitê Intergovernmental (Colônia do Sacramento, 27 e 28/02 e 1/03 de 1991). Relatório. Questão da composição e natureza jurídica de comitê.” DAMI/13 (18 March). Brasília: Secretaria de Estado das Relações Exteriores.

Collier, David, ed. 1979. The New Authoritarianism in Latin America. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

(p.201) Collor, Fernando. 1991a. “Discurso por ocasião da assinatura do tratado para constituição do Mercado Comum do Sul (MERCOSUL), em Assunção, em 26 de março de 1991.” Resenha de Política Exterior do Brasil, no. 68 (1st semester): 31–40.

———. 1991b. “Discurso pelo Presidente Fernando Collor no jantar oferecido em homenagem ao Senhor Andrés Rodríguez, presidente do Paraguai, no Palácio Itamaraty, em 26 de agosto de 1991.” Resenha de Política Exterior do Brasil, no. 69: 93–95.

Comisión Económica para America Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL). Economic Survey of Latin America, 1949. 1951. Santiago: United Nations.

———. 2002. “El costo del transporte internacional, y la integración competitividad de América Latina y el Caribe.” Boletin FAL, no. 191 (July): online edition.

Cooper, Andrew. 2001. “More Than a Star Turn: Canadian Hybrid Diplomacy and the OAS Mission to Peru.” International Journal 56 (2) (Spring): 279–296.

———, Richard A. Higgott, and Kim Richard Nossal. 1993. Relocating Middle Powers: Australia and Canada in a Changing World Order. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.

Cooper, Andrew F., and Thomas Legler. 2001. “The OAS Democratic Solidarity Paradigm: Questions of Collective and National Leadership.” Latin American Politics and Society 43 (1) (Spring): 103–126.

Corrêa, Luiz Felipe de Seixas. 1999a. “O Brasil e o mundo no limiar do novo século: Diplomacia e desenvolvimento.” Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional 42 (1): 5–29.

———. 1999b. “Brazilian Foreign Policy.” Lecture by Ambassador Luiz Felipe de Seixas Corrêa, External Relations secretary-general, at the Human Resources Training Center (CEFARH), Intellligence Department, Institutional Security Secretariat, Office of the President of the Republic (5 November).

Corsi, Francisco Luiz. 1999. Estado novo: Política externa e projeto nacional. São Paulo: Editora UNESP.

Costa, Darc. 2003. Estratégia nacional: A cooperação sul-americana como caminho para a inserção internacional do Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: Aristeu Souza.

Costa, Thomas Guedes da. 1996. “La sécurite collective: Pensée et politique du Brésil.” Relations Internationales, no. 86 (Summer): 199–212.

———. 2000. Brazil in the New Decade: Searching for a Future. Washington, D.C.: Center for Strategic and International Studies.

———. 2001. “Strategies for Global Insertion: Brazil and its Regional Partners.” Tulchin and Espach (2001).

Cox, Michael. 2001. “Whatever Happened to American Decline? International Relations and the New United States Hegemony.” New Political Economy 6 (3): 311–340.

———, G. John Ikenberry, and Takashi Inoguchi, eds. 2000. American Democracy Promotion: Impulses, Strategies, and Impacts. Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Cox, Robert W. 1987. Production Power and World Order: Social Forces in the Making of Modern History. New York: Columbia University Press.

———. 1989. “Middlepowermanship, Japan, and Future World Order.” Cox, with Sinclair (1996).

(p.202) ———. 1983. “Gramsci, Hegemony, and International Relations: An Essay in Method.” Cox, with Sinclair (1996.

———with Timothy Sinclair. 1996. Approaches to World Order. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Crone, Donald. 1993. “Does Hegemony Matter? The Reorganization of the Pacific Political Economy.” World Politics 45 (4) (July): 501–525.

Cruz, Ademar Seabra de, Antonio Ricardo F. Cavalcante, and Luiz Pedone. 1993. “Brazil’s Foreign Policy under Collo.” Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 35 (1): 119–144.

Cunningham, Susan M. 1999. “Made in Brazil: Cardoso’s Critical Path from Dependency via Neoliberal Options and the Third Way in the 1990s.” European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, no. 67 (December): 75–86.

Danese, Sérgio. 1999. Diplomacia presidencial: História e crítica. Rio de Janeiro: Top-books.

da Silva, Luiz Inácio Lula. 2003a. Discurso no Conselho de Relações Internacionais, Nova York. New York (25 September): www.mre.gov.br.

———. 2003b. Discurso no encerramento do seminário sobre negócios e investimentos.” Damascus (3 December): www.mre.gov.br.

———. 2003c. Palavras no encontro com estudantes brasileiros.” Havana (27 September): www.mre.gov.br.

———. 2003d. Declaração à imprensa, durante visita do presidente do Equador, Lucio Gutiérrez. Brasília (27 May): www.mre.gov.br.

———. 2004a. Statement Opening the General Debate of the 59th Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations.” (21 September): www.mre.gov.br.

———. 2004b. “Uma parceria de sucesso.” Discurso no encontro com lideranças empresariais indianas. New Delhi (27 January): www.mre.gov.br.

———. 2004c. Discurso no encerramento do seminário Brasil-China: Xangai, China (26 May): www.mre.gov.br.

———. 2004d. “Palavras em encontro com representantes do Fórum da Sociedade Civil, na XI UNCTAD—part II.” São Paulo (15 June).

Daudelin, Jean. 2008. “Joining the Club: Lula and the End of Periphery for Brazil.” Nitschack, Birle, and Costa (forthcoming).

Dávila-Villers, David R. 1992. “Competition and Co-operation in the River Plate: The Democratic Transition and Mercosur.” Bulletin of Latin American Research 11 (3): 261–277.

Devlin, Robert, Antoni Estevadeordal, and Ekaterina Krivonos. 2003. “The Trade and Cooperation Nexus: How Does the Mercosur-EU Process Measure Up?” INTALITD-STA Occasional Paper 22 (March).

dos Santos, Theotônio. 1989. “Integração latino-americana: Forças políticas em choque, experiências e perspectivas.” Revista Brasileira de Ciência Política 1 (1) (March): 71–90.

———. 2000. A teoria da dependência: Balanço e perspetivas. Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira.

———and Laura Randall. 1998. “The Theoretical Foundations of the Cardoso Government: (p.203) A New Stage of the Dependency Theory Debate.” Latin American Perspectives 25 (1): 53–70.

Ecuador, Republic of. 2002. II Reunião de Presidentes da América do Sul, declaração sobre a Zona de Paz Sul-Americana. Guayaquil, 26–27 July 2002: www.mre.gov.br/daa/declaracao_zonadepaz.htm.

Emmerij, Louis, ed. 1997. Economic and Social Development in the XXI Century. Washington, D.C.: Inter-American Development Bank.

Evans, Peter. 1979. Dependent Development: The Alliance of Multinational, State, and Local Capital in Brazil. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Fanon, Frantz. 1967. Black Skin, White Masks. Trans. C. L. Markmann. New York: Grove Press.

Farcau, Bruce W. 1996. The Chaco War: Bolivia and Paraguay, 1932–1935. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.

Faria, Vilmar, and Eduardo Graeff. 1999. Progressive Governance for the 21st Century: The Brazilian Experience. Brasília: Presidency of the Republic Special Advisory Body, November.

Fawcett, Louise, and Andrew Hurrell, eds. 1995. Regionalism in World Politics: Regional Organization and International Order. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Feinberg, Richard E. 1997. Summitry in the Americas: A Progress Report. Washington, D.C.: Institute for International Economics.

Femia, Joseph V. 1987. Gramsci’s Political Thought: Hegemony, Consciousness, and the Revolutionary Process. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Ferraz, João Carlos, David Kupfer, and Franklin Serrano. 1999. “Macro/Micro Interactions: Economic and Institutional Uncertainties and Structural Change in Brazilian Industry.” Oxford Development Studies 27 (3): 279–304.

Ferris, Elizabeth G. 1981. “The Andean Pact and the Amazon Treaty: Reflections of Changing Latin American Relations.” Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 23 (2) (May): 147–175.

Ffrench-Davis, Ricardo. 1988. “An Outline of a Neo-Structuralist Approach.” CEPAL Review, no. 34 (April): 37–44.

“Final Press Conference by President Clinton Following the Summit of the Americas.” 1994. Federal News Service (11 December).

Flecha de Lima, Paulo Tarso. 1994. “O Brasil e o mundo após-guerra fria.” Speech at Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, 13 April 1994. In Flecha de Lima (1997).

———. 1997. Caminhos diplomáticos: 10 anos de agenda internacional. Rio de Janeiro: Livraria Francisco Alves.

Florêncio, Sérgio Abreu e Lima. 1992. “Memorandum para o Sr. Chefe do Departamento de Integração Latino-Americana. Tratamento do tema serviços no âmbito do Mercosul. Principais aspectos. Proposta de constituição de Grupo de Trabalho.” Brasília: Secretaria de Estado das Relações Exteriores.

Flôres, Renato G. 1997. “Brazilian Trade Policy and the WTO 1996 Review.” World Economy 20 (5): 615–631.

(p.204) Foley, James B. 2000. “Ecuador: Change in Government.” Press statement by James B. Foley, deputy spokesman, U.S. Department of State (22 January).

Fonseca, Gélson. 2004. A legitimidade e outras questões internacionais: Poder e ética entre as nações. 2nd ed. São Paulo: Paz e Terra.

Fonseca Júnior, Gélson, and Sérgio Henrique Nabuco de Castro, eds. 1994. Temas de política externa brasileira II. Vol. 1. São Paulo: Paz e Terra.

Fonseca, Luiz Henrique Pereira da. 1989. “Memorandum para o Sr. Chefe da DAA. Relações Brasil-Chile. Visita oficial do Senhor Secretário-Geral a Santiago.” DAMI/39 (14 June). Brasília: Secretaria de Estado das Relações Exteriores.

Font, Mauricio A. 2003. Transforming Brazil: A Reform Era in Perspective. New York: Rowman and Littlefield.

———and Anthony Peter Spanakos, eds. 2004. Reforming Brazil. Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books.

Fontana, Benedetto. 1993. Hegemony and Power: On the Relation between Gramsci and Machiavelli. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Forhmann, Alicia. 2000. “The New Regionalism and Collective Diplomacy in Latin America.” Hettne, Inotai, and Sunkel (2000).

Fournier, Dominique. 1999. “The Alfonsín Administration and the Promotion of Democratic Values in the Southern Cone and Andes.” Journal of Latin American Studies 31: 39–74.

———and Sean W. Burges. 2000. “Form before Function: Democratization in Paraguay.” Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies 25 (49): 5–32.

Fowler, Will, ed. 1996. Authoritarianism in Latin America Since Independence. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.

Franco, Itamar. 1993. Discurso na primeira sessão de trabalho, em assuntos políticos, durante a VII Cúpula Presidencial do Grupo do Rio (15 October).

Fundação Alexandre de Gusmão (FUNAG). 1997. O Mercosul e a integração sul-americana: Mais do que a economia. Encontro de culturas. Brasília: FUNAG.

Fundação Alexandre de Gusmão (FUNAG)/ Instituto de Pesquisa de Relações Internacionais (IPRI)/Instituto Rio Branco (IRBr). 2002. “Seminário: Modernização do Brasil.” Mimeograph (28–29 August). Brasília: FUNAG/IPRI/IRBr.

G-20. 2005. “Bhurban G-20 Ministerial Declaration.” Bhurban, Pakistan (9–10 September): www.wto-pakistan.org/statements/G20_Min_Declaration.doc.

Gallup, John Luke, Alejandro Gaviria, and Eduardo Lora. 2003. Is Geography Destiny? Lessons from Latin America. Palo Alto, Calif.: Stanford University Press.

Gamble, Andrew, and Anthony Payne, eds. 1996a. Regionalism and World Order. Basingstoke, U.K.: Macmillan.

———. 1996b. “Introduction: The Political Economy of Regionalism and World Order.” Gamble and Payne (1996a).

Garcia, Eugênio Vargas. 2000. Cronologia das relações internacionais do Brasil. Brasília: FUNAG.

Garcia, Marco Aurélio. 2003. “Brazilian Future.” openDemocracy.net (17 July).

(p.205) ———. 2007. Author interview (Brasília, 22 March): Was the international secretary of the Partido dos Trabalhadores in Brazil and Special advisor on foreign affairs to president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.

Gates, Scott, Torbjøm L. Knutsen, and Jonathon W. Moses. 1996. “Democracy and Peace: A More Skeptical View.” Journal of Peace Research 33 (1) (February): 1–10.

Gauto Vielman, R. 2005. “Facilitación del comercio.” Presentation to the Trade Facilitation: A Tool for Development panel, 5th World Trade Organization Public Symposium, Geneva (21 April).

Giambiagi, Fábio, and Maurício Mesquita Moreira, eds. 1999. A economia brasileira nos anos 90. Rio de Janeiro: Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social.

Gill, Stephen. 1990. American Hegemony and the Trilateral Commission. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

———, ed. 1993. Gramsci, Historical Materialism, and International Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gill, Stephen, and David Law. 1988. The Global Political Economy: Perspectives, Problems and Policies. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Gilpin, Robert. 1981. War and Change in World Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.

———. 1987. The Political Economy of International Relations. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Goertzl, Ted G. 1999. Fernando Henrique Cardoso: Reinventing Democracy in Brazil. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

Golbery do Couto e Silva. 1967. Geopolítica do Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: José Olympia.

Goldberg, Jeffrey. 2002. “In the Party of God: Hezbollah Sets up Operations in South America and the United States.” The New Yorker (28 October).

Goldstein, Judith, and Robert O. Keohane. “Ideas and Foreign Policy: An Analytical Framework.” Goldstein and Keohane (1993.

———, eds. 1993. Ideas and Foreign Policy: Beliefs, Institutions, and Political Change. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.

Gomes, Francisco de Paula Magalhães. 2001. Author interview (Brasília, 21 September): director, GEIPOT, Brazilian Transportation Planning Company, Ministry of Transport. GEIPOT has since been closed.

Gonçalves, Antonino Mena. 2002. Author interview (Brasília, 27 September): career Brazilian diplomat (ambassador rank), director-general of the Department of the Americas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Gonçalves, José Botafogo. 1995. “Memorandum para o Sr. Chefe de Departamento de Integração. Brasil-Paraguai. Comércio.” SGIE/166 (9 October). Brasília: Secretaria de Estado das Relações Exteriores.

Gordon, Lincoln. 2001. Brazil’s Second Chance: En Route toward The First World. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution.

Gramsci, Antonio. 1957. Antonio Gramsci: The Modern Prince & Other Writings. Trans. Louis Marks. New York: International Publishers.

(p.206) ———. “The Modern Prince.” 1957. In Gramsci (1957).

———. 1971. Selections from the Prison Notebooks. ed. and trans. Quiton Hoare and Geoffrey Nowell Smith. London: Lawrence and Wishart.

Grugel, Jean, and Marcelo de Almeida Medeiros. 1999. “Brazil and MERCOSUR.” Grugel and Hout (1999a).

Grugel, Jean, and Wil Hout, eds. 1999a. Regionalism across the North-South Divide: State Strategies in the Semi-Periphery. London: Routledge.

———. 1999b. “Regions, Regionalism and the South.” Grugel and Hout (1999a).

Grupo do Rio. 1995. Grupo do Rio: Documentos do mecanismo permanente de consulta e concertação política. Brasília: FUNAG.

———. 2002. “Declaración del Grupo de Río sobre la situación en Venezuela” (12 April): www.oas.org/OASpage/press2002/sp/Año2002/abril2002/DeclaracionRioVE.htm.

Grupo Executivo de Integração da Política de Transportes (GEIPOT). 2001. “Facilitação fronteiriça no transporte rodoviário internacional Brasil-Mercosul.” Ministério dos Transportes de Brasilia (November).

Guimarães, Samuel Pinheiro. 1999. Quinhentos anos de periferia: Uma contribuição ao estudo de política internacional. Porto Alegre, Brazil: Editora da UFRGS (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul).

Guimarães Reis, Fernando. 1990. “Memorandum para o Sr. Secretário-Geral de Política Externa: Grupo do Rio, IV Reunião de Presidentes, Caracas 11 a 13 de outubro. Projeto de documento final.” DAA/60 (24 August). Brasília: Secretaria de Estado das Relações Exteriores.

Gutiérrez, Lino. 2002. Remarks by Lino Gutiérrez, principal deputy assistant secretary for Western Hemisphere affairs, to the North-South Center Roundtable, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington, D.C. (17 April): www.state.gov/p/wha/rls/rm/9573.htm.

Guyana. Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 2000a. Press Statement (29 July): www.sdnp.org.gy/minfor/pr/foraff_venez.html.

———. 2000b. “Guyana/Suriname.” Posted online June): www.sdnp.org.gy/.

Haggard, Stephen, and Robert R. Kaufman. 1995. The Political Economy of Democratic Transitions. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Hakim, Peter. 2002. “Democracy and U.S. Credibility.” New York Times (21 April).

Hashmi, M. Anaam. 2000. “Role of Mercosur in Regional Trade Growth.” Managerial Finance 26 (1): 41–52.

Hausmann, Ricardo, and Eduardo Fernández-Arias. 2000. “Foreign Direct Investment: Good Cholesterol?” Paper prepared for the seminar The New Wave of Capital Inflows: Sea Change or Just Another Tide? Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors, Inter-American Development Bank and Inter-American Investment Corporation, New Orleans (26 March).

Heritage Foundation. 1994. “Heritage Foundation Discussion.” Federal News Service (14 November).

(p.207) Herman, Edward S., and Noam Chomsky. 1994. Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media. London: Vintage.

Herz, Monica, and João Pontes Nogueira. 2002. Ecuador vs. Peru: Peacemaking Amid Rivalry. International Peace Academy Occasional Paper Series. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

Hettne, Björn. 1995. “Introduction: Towards an International Political Economy of Development.” European Journal of Development Research 7 (2) (December): 223–232.

———. 1999. “Globalization and the New Regionalism: The Second Great Transformation.” Hettne, Inotai, and Sunkel (1999).

Hettne, Björn, András Inotai, and Osvaldo Sunkel, eds. 1999. Globalism and the New Regionalism. Basingstoke, U.K.: Macmillan.

———. 2000. The New Regionalism and the Future of Security and Development. Basingstoke, U.K.: Macmillan.

Hettne, Björn, and Fredrick Söderbaum. 2000. “Theorising the Rise of Regionness.” New Political Economy 5 (3) (November): 457–473.

Hey, Jeanne A. K. 1997. “Three Building Blocks of a Theory of Latin American Foreign Policy.” Third World Quarterly 18 (4): 631–658.

———. 1998. “Is There a Latin American Foreign Policy?” Review essay, Mershon International Studies Review 42: 106–116.

Hilton, Isabel, and Eliana Cardoso. 1996. “Economic Reform in Brazil: An Interview with Eliana Cardoso.” International Affairs 72 (4): 727–736.

Hilton, Stanley. 1981. “The United States, Brazil, and the Cold War, 1945–1960: End of the Special Relationship.” Journal of American History 68 (3) (December): 599–624.

———. 1985. “The Argentine Factor in Twentieth-century Brazilian Foreign Policy Strategy.” Political Science Quarterly 100 (1) (Spring): 27–51.

Hirschman, Albert O. 1945. National Power and the Structure of Foreign Trade. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

———, ed. 1962. Latin American Issues: Essays and Comments. New York: Twentieth Century Fund.

Hirst, Monica. 1992. “MERCOSUR and the New Circumstances for Its Integration.” CEPAL Review, no. 46 (April): 139–150.

———. 2004. The United States and Brazil: A Long Road of Unmet Expectations. London: Routledge.

———, and Maria Regina Soares de Lima. 2002. “Contexto internacional, democracia e política externa.” Política Externa 11 (2) (September–November): 78–98.

———. 2006. “Brazil as an Intermediate State and Regional Power: Action, Choice and Responsibilities.” International Affairs 82 (1): 21–40.

Hoffmann, Andrea Ribeiro. 2002. “The Foreign Policy of the European Union towards Mercosur in Historical Perspective.” Cena Internacional 4 (2) (December): 10–13.

Holanda, Francisco Mauro Brasil de. 2001. O gás no Mercosul: Uma perspectiva brasileira. Brasília: IRBr/FUNAG/Centro de Estudos Estratégicos).

(p.208) Holsti, Ole R., Randolph M. Siverson, and Alexander L. George, eds. 1980. Change in the International System. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.

Hurrell, Andrew. 1986. “The Quest for Autonomy: The Evolution of Brazil’s Role in the International System, 1964–1985.” Ph.D. dissertation, Oxford University.

———. 1995. “Regionalism in Theoretical Perspective.” Fawcett and Hurrell (1995).

———. 1998a. “An Emerging Security Community in South America?” Adler and Barnett (1998).

———. 1998b. “Security in Latin America.” International Affairs 74 (3): 529–546.

Iglesias, Enrique. 2000. “Regional Cooperation for the Development of Infrastructure in South America and the Inter-American Development Bank.” Speech to the Brasília summit of South American presidents (31 August–1 September).

Ikenberry, G. John. 1996. “The Future of International Leadership.” Political Science Quarterly 111 (3) (Autumn): 385–402.

India–Brazil–South Africa Dialogue Forum(IBSA). 2004. “Agenda for Cooperation.” New Delhi (5 March): www.mre.gov.br.

Inter-American Development Bank (IADB). Integration and Regional Programs Department. 2000a. A New Push for Regional Infrastructure Development in South America. Washington, D.C.: Inter-American Development Bank, December.

———. 2000b. “Integration and Trade in the Americas.” Periodic note (December).

———. 2000c. “La contribución del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo a la integración física de América del Sur.” (August).

IRELA (Institute for European-Latin American Relations). 1999. “Paraguay after the Crisis: Will Democracy Prosper?” IRELA Briefing BRF-99/6–PRY (23 April).

Jagdeo, Bharrat. 2000. “Statement by His Excellency President Bharrat Jagdeo on the Recent Pronouncements by Venezuela and Its Claim to Essequibo” (28 July).

Jaguaribe, Hélio. 1994. “O Brasil e o sistema internacional contemporâneo.” Marcovitch (1994).

Kay, Cristóbal. 1989. Latin American Theories of Development and Underdevelopment. London: Routledge.

Keohane, Robert O. 1980. “The Theory of Hegemonic Stability and Changes in the International Economic Regimes, 1967–1977.” Holsti, Siverson, and George (1980).

———. 1984. After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

———, and Joseph S. Nye. 2001. Power and Interdependence. 3rd ed. New York: Long-man.

Kindleberger, Charles P. 1973. The World in Depression, 1929–1939. Harmondsworth, U.K.: Penguin Books.

———. 1981. “Dominance and Leadership in the International Economy: Exploitation, Public Goods, and Free Rides.” International Studies Quarterly 25 (2) (June): 242–254.

Kingstone, Peter R. 2000. “Muddling through Gridlock: Economic Policy Performance, Business Response, and Democratic Stability.” Kingstone and Power.

(p.209) Kingstone, Peter R., and Timothy J. Power, eds. 2000. Democratic Brazil: Actors, Institutions, and Processes. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Knorr, Klaus. 1975. The Power of Nations: The Political Economy of International Relations. New York: Basic Books.

Krasner, Stephen D. 1976. “State Power and the Structure of International Trade.” World Politics 28 (3) (April): 317–347.

Krause, Merrick E. 2002. “Partnering for Hemispheric Security: A Combined Regional Operations Center in Brazil.” Aerospace Power Journal (Summer): 60–74.

Lafer, Celso. 1990. “Reflexões sobre a inserção do Brasil no contexto internacional.” Contexto Internacional, no. 11 (January–June): 33–43.

———. 1992a. “Perspectivas e possibilidades da inserção internacional do Brasil.” Política Externa 1 (3) (December): 100–121

———. 1992b. “Opening Address to the 47th Ordinary Session of the United Nations General Assembly (21 September).” La palabra del Brasil.

———. 1992c. “Ministro Celso Lafer na Comissão de Relações Exteriores da Câmara dos Deputados: Pronunciamento do ministro das relações exteriores na Comissão de Relações Exteriores da Câmara dos Deputados, em 6 de agosto de 1992.” Resenha de Política Exterior do Brasil, no. 71 (2nd semester): 37–45.

———. 1994. “Política externa brasileira: Reflexão e ação.” Marcovitch (1994).

———. 1996. “Comércio internacional, multilateralismo e regionalismo: Temas emergentes e novas direções.” Política Externa 5 (3) (December): 50–64.

———. 1997. “Brasil: Forjando um novo papel nas relações internacionais.” Debates: O Brasil a União Européia e as Relações Internacionais, no. 13: 11–22.

———. 2000. “Brazilian International Identity and Foreign Policy: Past, Present, and Future.” Daedalus 129 (2) (Spring): 207–238.

———. 2001a. A identidade internacional do Brasil e a política externa brasileira: Passado, presente e futuro. São Paulo: Editora Perspectiva.

———. 2001b. “O Brasil e sua inserção no mundo.” Lafer (2002a).

———. 2001c. “Repúdio ao terrorismo: Intervenção perante o plenário do Senado Federal em 3 de outubro.” Lafer (2002a).

———. 2001d. “Notas taquigráficas do depoimento do Ministro Celso Lafer no Senado, 13 de março de 2001.” RelNet—Relatório 015/2001 (15 March).

———. 2001e. “Discurso de abertura ao seminário da FLACSO ‘Processo de integração em curso: A agenda latino-americana e do Caribe.” Brasília (24 July). In Lafer (2002a).

———. 2001f. “A América do Sul deve ter uma infra-estrutura integrada.” La Nación (7 August). In Lafer (2002a).

———. 2001g. “A política externa para a agricultura: Ala magna por ocasião do centenário da Esalq, 7 de maio.” Lafer (2002a).

———. 2002a. Mudam-se os tempos: Diplomacia brasileira, 2001–2002. Brasília: FUNAG/IPRI.

———. 2002b. “Discurso ao fórum nacional ‘Nova Ordem Internacional, Globalização e o Mundo Pós-11 de Setembro, realizado em Brasília, 9 de maio.” Lafer (2002a).

(p.210) ———. 2002c. “O poder da palavra: Discurso de saudação ao Dia do Diplomata, Instituto Rio Branco, Brasília, 12 de junho.” Lafer (2002a).

———. 2007. Author interview (São Paulo, 26 March): twice foreign minister—immediately before Cardoso in 1991–1992, and later for Cardoso, 2001–2002. Also served as Brazil’s ambassador in Geneva during the 1990s and was minister for development, industry, and international trade during the Cardoso era.

———and Gélson Fonseca Júnior. 1994. “Questões para diplomacia no contexto internacional das polaridades indefinidas (Notas analíticas e algumas sugestões).” Fonseca Júnior & Nabuco de Castro (1994).

Lafer, Celso, Paulo S. Wrobel, and Alexandre de Mello e Silva. 1993. “Entrevista com Celso Lafer.” Estudos Históricos 6 (12): 271–284.

Lake, David A. 1993. “Leadership, Hegemony, and the International Economy: Naked Emperor or Tattered Monarch with Potential?” International Studies Quarterly 37: 459–489.

Lambert, Peter. 1996. “Mechanisms of Control: The Stroessner Regime in Paraguay.” Fowler (1996).

———. 2000. “A Decade of Electoral Democracy: Continuity, Change and Crisis in Paraguay.” Bulletin of Latin American Research 19 (3) (July): 379–396.

———, and Andrew Nickson, eds. 1997. The Transition to Democracy in Paraguay. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Lampreia, Luiz Felipe. 1995a. “Discurso de posse.” In Lampreia (1999a).

———. 1996a. “O Brasil e o mundo no século XXI: Uma visão do Itamaraty.” Política Externa 5 (3) (December): 37–49.

———. 1996b. “Conferência proferida no III Encontro Nacional de Estudos Estratégicos, ‘O Brasil e o Mundo no Século XXI’” (October). In Lampreia (1999a).

———. 1997. “Conferência sobre ‘A Política Externa Brasileira Frea à Democracia e à Integração,’ proferida no Consejo Argentino de Relaciones Internacionales” (6 March). In Lampreia (1999a).

———. 1998a. “A política externa do governo FHC: Continuidade e renovação.” Re-vista Brasileira de Política Internacional 42 (2): 5–17.

———. 1998b. “Discurso por ocasião da assinatura do cronograma de implementação da declaração de Brasília, entre os governos do Equador e do Peru” (19 January). In Lampreia (1999a).

———. 1998c. “Discurso na abertura da 53 sessão da Assembléia Geral das Nações Unidas.” New York (21 September): www.mre.gov.br.

———. 1998d. “Discurso pronunciado por ocasião do almoço em homenagem ao embaixador Dido Florentín Bogado, ministro das relações exteriores do Paraguai.” Lampreia (1999a).

———. 1999a. Diplomacia brasileira: Palavras, contextos e razões. Rio de Janeiro: Lacerda Editores.

———. 1999b. Speech at the Opening of the General Debate of the 54th Session of the United Nations General Assembly.” New York (20 September): www.mre.gov.br.

(p.211) ———. 1999c. Statement at the III Session of the WTO Ministerial Conference. Seattle (30 November): www.mre.gov.br.

———. 2000a. Entrevista do Senhor Ministro de Estado das Relações Exteriores, Embaixador Luiz Felipe Lampreia, ao Jornal Zero Hora” (18 June).

———. 2000b. “Brazil Leads Continent without Imposing.” Interview with the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Luiz Felipe Lampreia, published by Correio Braziliense (24 August): www.mre.gov.br.

———. 2000c. Speech to the Opening of the General Debate of the 55th Session of the United Nations General Assembly.” New York (12 September): www.mre.gov.br.

———. 2001. “The Diplomatic Agenda after Lampreia.” Interview, Valor Econômico, trans. MRE (12 January).

———. 2002. Author interview (Rio de Janeiro, 23 September): minister of foreign affairs, 1995–2001; secretary-general of Itamaraty when Fernando Henrique Cardoso was foreign minister, 1992–1993.

———, and Ademar Seabra da Cruz Júnior. 2005. “Brazil: Coping with Structural Constraints.” Robertson and East (2005).

Latin American Weekly Report, various issues.

Legler, Thomas, Sharon F. Lean, and Dexter S. Boniface, eds. 2007. Promoting Democracy in the Americas. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Lessa, Antônio Carlos. 1996. “A diplomacia universalista do Brasil: A construção do sistema contemporâneo de relações bilaterais.” Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional 40: 29–41.

Lewis, Paul H. 1993. Political Parties and Generations in Paraguay’s Liberal Era, 1869–1940. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Lievesley, Geraldine. 1999. Democracy Promotion in Latin America: Mobilization, Power and the Search for a New Politics. Manchester, U.K.: Manchester University Press.

Little, W., and E. Posada-Carbó, eds. 1996. Political Corruption in Europe and Latin America. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

López, Andrés. 1999. “El caso brasileño.” Chudnovsky, Kosacoff, and López (1999).

Lowenthal, Abraham F., ed. 1991. Exporting Democracy: The United States and Latin America, Case Studies. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Mace, Gordon. 1999. “The Origins, Nature, and Scope of the Hemispheric Project.” Mace and Bélanger (1999).

Mace, Gordon, Louis Bélanger, et al. 1999. The Americas in Transition: The Contours of Regionalism. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

Machado da Silva, Heloisa Conceição. 2000. “Crise, ação e pragmatismo: A política de comércio exterior brasileira de 1934–1945.” Revista Cena Internacional 2 (2): 96–116.

Machado e Costa, José Luiz. 1999. “Balanço estratégico na América do Sul e o papel do Brasil na construção de uma visão sul-americana de defesa: Condicionantes, singularidades e parâmetros.” Política Externa 7 (4) (March): 67–95.

(p.212) Magalhães, Fernando Simas. 1999. Cúpula das Américas de 1994: Papel negociador do Brasil, em busca de uma agenda hemisférica. Brasília: IRBr/FUNAG/Centro de Estudos Estratégicos).

Magnoli, Demétrio. 2000. Manual do candidato: Questões internacionais contemporâneas. 2nd ed. Brasília: FUNAG.

Main, Alexander, Maximillien Arvelaiz, and Temir Porras-Ponceleon. 2002. “Virtual Reality: Real Coup.” Covert Action Quarterly, no. 72 (Spring).

Malamud, Andrés. 2005. “Mercosur Turns 15: Between Rising Rhetoric and Declining Achievement.” Cambridge Review of International Affairs 18 (3) (October): 421–436.

Mansfield, Edward D. 1998. “The Proliferation of Preferential Trading Arrangements.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 42 (5) (October): 523–543.

———and Helen V. Milner. 1999. “The New Wave of Regionalism.” International Organization 53 (3) (Summer): 589–627.

Mansfield, Edward D., Jon C. Pevehouse, and David H. Bearce. 1999–2000. “Preferential Trading Arrangements and Military Disputes.” Security Studies 9 (1–2) (Autumn–Winter): 92–118.

Manzetti, Luigi. 1990. “Argentine-Brazilian Economic Integration: An Early Appraisal.” Latin American Research Review 25 (3): 109–140.

Manzur, Juan Carlos Morales. 1998. “Comunidad andina y Mercosur: La integración posible.” Cuestiones Políticas, no. 20: 141–166.

Marcella, Gabriel, and Richard Downes, eds. 1999. Security Co-operation in the Western Hemisphere: Resolving the Ecuador-Peru Conflict. Miami: North-South Center Press.

Marcovitch, Jacques, ed. 1994. Cooperação internacional: Estratégia e gestão. São Paulo: Editora da Universidade de São Paulo.

Mares, David R. 1988. “Middle Powers under Regional Hegemony: To Challenge or Acquiesce in Hegemonic Enforcement.” International Studies Quarterly 32 (4) (December): 453–471.

Marini, Ruy Mauro. 1972. “Brazilian Subimperialism.” Monthly Review 23 (9) (February): 14–24.

Marques, Renato L. 1991. “Despacho ao memorandum DAM-I/108” (25 February). Brasília: Secretaria de Estado das Relações Exteriores.

Martínez, Javier, and Álvaro Díaz. 1996. Chile: The Great Transformation. Geneva: U.N. Research Institute for Social Development.

Martins Filho, João Roberto. 2007. “The Brazilian Armed Forces in the Post–Cold War Era: What Has Changed in Military Thinking?” Working Paper CBC-85–07. Oxford: Centre for Brazilian Studies, Oxford University.

Mattli, Walter. 1999. The Logic of Regional Integration: Europe and Beyond. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

McClintock, Cynthia. 2001. “The OAS in Peru: Room for Improvement.” Journal of Democracy 12 (4) (October): 137–140.

McConnell, Shelley A. 2001. “Ecuador’s Centrifugal Politics.” Current History 100 (643) (February): 73–79.

(p.213) McKeown, Timothy J. 1983. “Hegemonic Stability Theory and the 19th Century Tariff Levels in Europe.” International Organization 37 (1) (Winter): 73–91.

Meller, Patricio, ed. 1991. The Latin American Development Debate: Neostructuralism, Neomonetarism, and Adjustment Processes. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.

Mendel, William W. 1998. “Security on Brazil’s Amazon Frontier.” Low Intensity Conflict and Law Enforcement 7 (3) (Winter): 60–74.

———. 1999. “The Brazilian Amazon: Controlling the Hydra.” Military Review (July–August): 18–28.

Mercado Comum do Sul (Mercosul). 1991. “Tratado para a constituição de um mercado comum entre a República Argentina, a República Federativa do Brasil, a República do Paraguai e a República Oriental do Uruguai (Tratado do Assunção, 26/03/1991).” Resenha de Política Exterior do Brasil, no. 68: 33–45.

———. Comunidad Andina. 2002. “Acuerdo de complementación económica celebrado entre la Comunidad Andina y el Mercado Común del Sur (Mercosur)” (6 December): www.mercosur.org.uy.

Ministerio de Defesa. Brasil. N.d. “Programa Calha Norte.”: https://www.defesa.gov.br/programa_calha_norte/index.php

Mittelman, James H. 1999. “Rethinking the ‘New Regionalism’ in the Context of Globalization.” Hettne, Inotai, and Sunkel (1999).

———and Richard Falk. 2000. “Global Hegemony and Regionalism.” Calleya (2000).

Miyamoto, Shiguenou. 2000. “O Brasil e segurança regional.” Carta Internacional, no. 89 (July): 7–10.

Mollo, Maria de Lourdes Rollemberg, and Alfredo Saad-Filho. 2006. “Neoliberal Economic Policies in Brazil (1994–2005): Cardoso, Lula and the Need for a Democratic Alternative.” New Political Economy 11 (1) (March): 99–123.

Moore, Barrington. 1966. Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Lord and Peasant in the Making of the Modern World. Boston: Beacon Press.

Mora, Frank O. 1996. “Victims of the Balloon Effect: Drug Trafficking and U.S. Policy in Brazil and the Southern Cone of Latin America.” Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies 21 (2) (Summer): 115–140.

Morgenthau, Hans J. 1967. Politics among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace. 4th ed. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Morton, O. 2000. “Letter from Brazil.” International Journal 55 (4) (Autumn): 655–662.

Muñoz, Heraldo. 1996. “Collective Action for Democracy in the Americas.” Muñoz and Tulchin (1996).

———and Joseph S. Tulchin, eds. 1996. Latin American Nations in World Politics. 2nd ed. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.

Murphy, Craig N., and Roger Tooze, eds. 1991. The New International Political Economy. Basingstoke, U.K.: Macmillan.

Nahú, Maria Aparecida Lopes. 1992. “Memorandum para o Sr. Chefe, substituto, do DAA: Bacia do Prata. Ligação ferroviária São Paulo–Tucumán. Solicitação do Governador (p.214) Ramón Ortega.” DAM-I/83 (23 September). Brasília: Secretaria de Estado das Relações Exteriores.

Narlikar, Amrita. 2003. International Trade and Developing Countries: Bargaining Coalitions in the GATT & WTO. London: Routledge.

———. 2004. “The Ministerial Process and Power Dynamics in the World Trade Organization: Understanding Failure from Seattle to Cancún.” New Political Economy 9 (3) (September): 413–428.

———and Diana Tussie. 2004. “The G20 at the Cancun Ministerial: Developing Countries and Their Evolving Coalitions in the WTO.” The World Economy 27 (7): 947–966.

Narlikar, Amrita, and Rorden Wilkinson. 2004. “Collapse at the WTO: A Cancun Post-Mortem.” Third World Quarterly 25 (3) (April): 447–460.

Nascimento, Elma Lia. 1997. “Just Say Yes.” Brazzil: http://www.brazzil.com/cvrjan97.htm.

Nickson, Andrew. 1988. “Tyranny and Longevity: Stroessner’s Paraguay.” Third World Quarterly 10 (1) (January): 237–259.

———. 1989. “The Overthrow of the Stroessner Regime: Re-establishing the Status Quo.” Bulletin of Latin American Research 8 (2): 185–209.

———. 1996. “Democracy and Institutionalized Corruption in Paraguay.” Little and Posada-Carbó (1996).

———. 1997. “Corruption and the Transition.” Lambert and Nickson (1997).

Nitschack, Horst, Peter Birle, Sérgio Costa, eds. 2008. Brazil and the Americas: Convergence and Perspectives. Frankfurt: Vervuert.

Nye, Joseph S. 2002. The Paradox of American Power. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ocampo, José Antonio, and Juan Martin. 2003. Globalization and Development: A Latin American and Caribbean Perspective. Palo Alto, Calif.: Stanford University Press.

O’Donnell, Guillermo, and Phillipe C. Schmitter. 1986. Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Tentative Conclusions about Uncertain Democracies. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Oliveira, Eliézer Rizzo de. 1999. “Brazilian Diplomacy and the 1995 Ecuador-Peru War.” Marcella and Downes (1999).

Oliveira, Henrique Altemani de. 2005. Política externa brasileira. São Paulo: Editora Saraiva.

Oppenheimer, Andrés. 2003. “Latin America’s ‘Ungoverned Spaces.’” San Diego Union-Tribune (12 March).

Organization of American States (OAS). 2002. “Support for Democracy in Venezuela.” AG/RES. 1 (XXIX-E/02): www.oas.org/OASpage/press2002/sp/resoluciónAGreng_1.htm.

———. 2005. “Draft: Declaration of Florida: Delivering the Benefits of Democracy.” AG/doc.4476/05 (1 June).

———. Unit for the Promotion of Democracy. 2000. Electoral Observation in Peru, 2000. Washington, D.C.: Organization of American States

(p.215) Ouriques, Lêda Maria de Oliveira. 2000. “Opções para o financiamento o comunitário de uma rede básica de transporte no Mercosul.” M.A. thesis, University of Brasília.

La palabra del Brasil en las Naciones Unidas, 1946–1995. Brasília: FUNAG, 1995.

Palmer, David Scott. 1997. “Peru-Ecuador Border Conflict: Missed Opportunities, Misplaced Nationalism, and Multilateral Peacekeeping.” Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 39 (3) (Autumn): 109–148.

Park, J. 1995. “The New Regionalism and Third World Development.” Journal of Developing Societies 11 (1): 21–35.

Payne, Anthony. 1994. “US Hegemony and the Reconfiguration of the Caribbean.” Review of International Studies 20 (2): 149–168.

Pedersen, Thomas. 2002. “Cooperative Hegemony: Power, Ideas, and Institutions in Regional Integration.” Review of International Studies 28: 677–696.

Penna Filho, Pio. 1999. “A pesquisa histórica no Itamaraty.” Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional 42 (2): 117–144.

———. 2002. “Política externa e desenvolvimento: O Brasil de JK.” Revista Cena Internacional 2 (1): 2–21.

Pereira, Lia Valls. 1999. “Toward the Common Market of the South: Mercosur’s Origins, Evolution, and Challenges.” Roett (1999).

Peres, Wilson, ed. 1998. Grandes empresas y grupos industriales latinoamericanos. Mexico City: Siglo Veintiuno Editores.

Perruci, Gamaliel, Jr. 1995. “The North-South Security Dialogue in Brazil’s Technology Policy.” Armed Forces and Society 21 (3) (Spring): 371–394.

Perry, William. 2000. “Has the Future Arrived for Brazil.” Orbis 44 (3) (Summer): 399–415.

Phillips, Nicola. 2001. “Regionalist Governance in the New Political Economy of Development: ‘Relaunching’ the Mercosur.” Third World Quarterly 22 (4): 565–583.

———. 2003. “Hemispheric Integration and Subregionalism in the Americas.” Interna tional Affairs 79 (2): 327–349.

———. 2004. The Southern Cone Model: The Political Economy of Regional Capitalist Development. London: Routledge.

Pinheiro, Leticia. 2004. Política externa brasileira. Rio de Janeiro: Jorger Zahar Editor.

Pion-Berlin, David. 2000. “Will Soldiers Follow? Economic Integration and Regional Security in the Southern Cone.” Journal of Inter-American Studies and World Affairs 42 (1) (Spring): 43–69.

Polanyi, Karl. 1944. The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time. Boston: Beacon Press.

Porter, Roger B. 1990. “The Enterprise for the Americas Initiative: A New Approach to Economic Growth.” Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 32 (4) (Winter): 1–12.

Powell, Colin. 2002. “Remarks of the Secretary of State Colin L. Powell to the Special Session of the General Assembly of the Organization of American States” (18 April): www.oas.org/speeches/Speechother02/2002/eng/041802–Colin_Powell_VE.htm.

(p.216) Prado, Marica Clara R. M. do. 2005. A real história do real: Uma radiografia da moeda que mudou o Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Record.

Prebisch, Raúl. 1951. “Growth, Balance and Disparities: Interpretations of the Economic Development Process.” CEPAL (1951).

———. 1986. “Notes on Trade from the Standpoint of the Periphery.” CEPAL Review, no. 28 (April): 203–214.

———. 1988. “Dependence, Interdependence, and Development.” CEPAL Review, no. 34 (April): 197–205.

Procópio Filho, Argemiro, and Alcides Costa Vaz. 1997. “O Brasil no contexto do narcotráfico internacional.” Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional 40 (1): 75–122.

Quadros, Jânio. 1961. “Brazil’s New Foreign Policy.” Foreign Affairs 40 (1) (October): 19–27.

Quintão, Geraldo Magela da Cruz. 2000. “Audiência pública do ministro da defesa na Comissão de Relações Exteriores e defesa nacional do Senado Federal.” (22 November).

Rapkin, David P., ed. 1990. World Leadership and Hegemony. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.

Reis da Silva, André Luiz. 2000. “Interdependência, segurança e desenvolvimento na política externa do governo Castello Branco (1964–1967).” Revista Cena Internacional 2 (2): 137–164.

Rezende, Fernando. 1998. “The Brazilian Economy: Recent Developments and Future Prospects.” International Affairs 74 (3): 563–575.

Ricupero, Rubens. 2000. Rio Branco: O Brasil no mundo. Rio de Janeiro: Contraponto Editora.

Roberston, Justin L., and Maurice A. East, eds. 2005. Diplomacy and Developing Nations: Post–Cold War Foreign Policy-making Structures and Processes. London: Routledge.

Robinson, William I. 1996a. Promoting Polyarchy: Globalization, US Intervention, and Hegemony. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

———. 1996b. “Globalization, the World System, and ‘Democracy Promotion’ in U.S. Foreign Policy.” Theory and Society 25 (5): 615–655.

Rocha, Geisa Maria. 2002. “Neo-Dependency in Brazil.” New Left Review, no. 16 (July–August): 5–33.

Roett, Riordan, ed. 1999. Mercosur: Regional Integration, World Markets. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

———and Richard Scott Sacks. 1991. Paraguay: The Personalist Legacy. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.

Rose, Nikolas. 1999. Powers of Freedom: Reframing Political Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rosenthal, Gert. 1997. “Development Thinking in Latin America and the Caribbean: Past and Future.” Emmerij (1997).

Rueschemeyer, Dietrich, Evelyne Huber Stephens, and John D. Stephens. 1992. Capitalist Development and Democracy. Cambridge: Blackwell Publishers.

(p.217) Russet, Bruce. 1993. Grasping the Democratic Peace: Principles for a Post–Cold War World. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Santander, Sebastián. 2002. “EU-Mercosur Interregionalism: Facing up to the South American Crisis and the Emerging Free Trade Area of the Americas.” European Foreign Affairs Review 7 (4) (Winter): 491–506.

Sardenberg, Ronaldo da Mota. 1998. “O Brasil e a nova ordem mundial.” Debates, no. 16 (a projeção do Brasil face ao século XXI: Anais do IV Simpósio Brasil-Alemanha, Centro de Estudos Konrad Adenauer Stiftung): 9–17.

Sarney, José. 1989. “Discurso do Presidente José Sarney na cerimônia de condecoração, no Palácio do Governo, em Assunção, em 13 de novembro de 1989.” Resenha de Política Exterior do Brasil, no. 63 (October–December): 24–26.

Schwartz, Gilson. 1998. “The Privatization Process and Foreign Direct Investment in Brazil: Results and Perspectives.” International Spectator 33 (3) (July–September): 69–84.

II Reunião de Presidentes da América do Sul. 2002. “Declaração sobre a zona de paz sul-americana.” Guayaquil (26–27 July): http://www2.mre.gov.br/daa/declaracao_zonadepaz.htm.

Selcher, Wayne A. 1985. “Brazilian-Argentine Relations in the 1980s: From Wary Rivalry to Friendly Competition.” Journal of Inter-American Studies and World Affairs 27 (2) (Summer): 25–53.

———. 1986. “Current Dynamics and Future Prospects of Brazil’s Relations with Latin America: Toward a Pattern of Bilateral Cooperation.” Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 28 (2) (Summer): 67–99.

Siffert Filho, Nelson, and Carla Souza e Silva. 1999. “As grandes empresas nos anos 90: Respostas estratégicas a um cenário de mudanças.” In Giambiagi and Mesquita Moreira (1999).

Silva, Paulo Azzi da, and Ángela de Rocha. 2001. “Perception of Export Barriers to Mercosur by Brazilian Firms.” International Marketing Review 18 (6): 589–611.

Silveira, José Paulo. 2000. “Eixos de integração da América do Sul: A contribuição brasileira.” Brasília: Secretaria de Planejamento e Investimentos Estratégicos, Ministério do Planejamento, Orçamento e Gestão (29 August).

———. 2001. Author interview (Brasília, 19 September): Secretary of planning and strategic investment, Ministry of Planning, Budget, and Management, Brazil.

Simões, Antônio José Ferreira. 2001. “O Brasil e a ALCA no limiar do novo milênio: Algumas reflexões.” Carta Internacional, no. 106 (December): 4–5.

Sistema Económico Latinoamericano y del Caribe (SELA). 2002. “El consenso de Guayaquil sobre integración, seguridad y desarrollo: Elementos para el análisis de la viabilidad de sus propuestas.” Integración SP/Di, no. 17–02 (August).

Smith, Joseph. 1991. Unequal Giants: Diplomatic Relations between the United States and Brazil, 1889–1930. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Smith, Peter H. 2000. Talons of the Eagle: Dynamics of U.S.-Latin American Relations. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

(p.218) Snidal, Duncan. 1985. “The Limits of Hegemonic Stability Theory.” International Organization 39 (4) (Autumn): 579–614.

Soares Carbonar, Orlando. 1990. “Ofício para o Secretaria de Estado: Brasil, Paraguai. Visita do Senhor Ministro de Estado.” Ofício, no. 383 (26 October). Brasília: Secretaria de Estado das Relações Exteriores.

Soares de Lima, Maria Regina. 1986. “The Political Economy of Brazilian Foreign Policy: Nuclear Policy, Trade and Itaipú.” Ph.D. dissertation, Vanderbilt University.

———. 1990. “A economia política da política externa brasileira: Uma proposta de análise.” Contexto Internacional, no. 12 (July–December): 7–29.

———. 1999. “Brazil’s Alternative Vision.” Mace and Bélanger (1999).

———. 2005. “A política externa brasileira e os desafios da cooperação sul-sul.” Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional 48 (1) (January–June): 24–59.

———, and Mônica Hirst. 2006. “Brazil as an Intermediate State and Regional Power: Action, Choice and Responsibilities.” International Affairs 82 (1): 21–40.

Sodré, Roberto de Abreu. 1987. “Opening Statement to the XLII Ordinary Session of the United Nations General Assembly (21 September).” In La palabra del Brasil.

Sørensen, Georg. 1992. “Kant and Processes of Democratization: Consequences for Neorealist Thought.” Journal of Peace Research 29 (4): 397–414.

Sorger, Carmen, and William A. Dymond. 1997. “Sisyphus Ascendant? Brazilian Foreign Policy for the Coming Century?” Canadian Foreign Policy 4 (3) (Winter): 37–49.

Souto, Cíntia Vieira. 2001. “A política externa do governo Médici (1969–1974): Uma nova proposta de inserção internacional para o Brasil.” Revista Cena Internacional 3 (1): 43–61.

Spektor, Matias. 2002. “O Brasil e Argentina entre a cordialidade oficial e o projeto de integração: A política externa do governo de Ernesto Geisel (1974–1979).” Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional 45 (1): 117–145.

Spíndola, Lytha. 2002. Author interview (Brasília, 2 October): foreign trade secretary, Ministry of Development, Industry, and Foreign Trade, Brazil.

Stein, Arthur A. 1984. “The Hegemon’s Dilemma: Great Britain, the United States, and the International Economic Order.” International Organization 38 (2) (Spring): 355–386.

Stepan, Alfred, ed. 1973. Authoritarian Brazil: Origins, Policies, and Future. New Haven: Yale University Press.

———. 1989. Democratizing Brazil: Problems of Transition and Consolidation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Stopford, John, and Susan Strange, with John S. Henley. 1991. Rival States, Rival Firms: Competition for World Market Share. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Strange, Susan. 1986. Casino Capitalism. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

———. 1991. “An Eclectic Approach.” Murphy and Tooze (1991).

———. 1994. States and Markets. 2nd ed. London: Pinter.

———. 1998. Mad Money. Manchester, U.K.: Manchester University Press.

Sunkel, Osvaldo, ed. 1993. Development from Within: Towards a Neostructuralist Approach for Latin America. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

(p.219) ———and Gustavo Zuleta. 1990. “Neo-structuralism versus Neo-liberalism in the 1990s.” CEPAL Review, no. 42 (December): 35–51.

Svetlicic, Marjan. 1996. “Challenges of Globalisation and Regionalisation in the World Economy.” Global Society 10 (2) (May): 107–123.

Tarzi, Shah M. 1999. “Dynamics of the Rise and Spread of Transnational Enterprises from the Emerging Market Economies.” Indian Journal of Economics, no. 315 (April): 513–536.

Taylor, Lewis. 2001. “Alberto Fujimori’s Peripeteia: From ‘Re-Election’ to Regime Collapse.” European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, no. 70 (April): 3–24.

Thorstensen, Vera. 1993. “Brasil: ‘Global trader’ ou ‘regional trader’: O dilema de política de internalização.” Síntesis, no. 19 (January–June): 117–136.

Tulchin, Joseph S., and Ralph H. Espach, eds. 2001. Latin America in the New International System. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). 2000. FDI Determinants and TNC Strategies: The Case of Brazil. New York: United Nations.

———, 2001. World Investment Report, 2001. New York: United Nations.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). 1953. “Probable Developments in Brazil.” National Intelligence Estimate NIE-86 (4 December). Washington, D.C.: Central Intelligence Agency.

———. 1961. “Short-term Prospects for Brazil under Goulart.” Special National Intelligence Estimate 93–2–61 (7 December). Washington, D.C.: Central Intelligence Agency.

United States. Department of Energy. 2002. “Country Analysis Brief—Paraguay” (September): http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/paraguay.html.

United States. Office of the White House Press Secretary. 1997. “Remarks by President Clinton and President Cardoso at Reception.” Brasília Room, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Brasília (13 October).

United States. State Department. 2002. “Visit to Brazil: Marc Grossman, Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs,” Media Briefing, Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Itamaraty Palace, Brasília, Brazil (7 March). Washington, D.C.: U.S. State Department.

United States Trade Representative (USTR). 2002. “U.S. and Chile Conclude Historic Free Trade Agreement.” Press release, Executive Office of the President (11 December): http://www.ustr.gov/releases/2002/12/02–114.htm.

Valenzuela, Arturo. 1997. “Paraguay: The Coup That Didn’t Happen.” Journal of Democracy 8 (1): 43–55.

Vaz, Alcides Costa. 1999. “Parcerias estratégicas no contexto da política exterior brasileira: Implicações para o Mercosul.” Textos de Política e Relações Internacionales, no. 14 (October). Brasília: Fundação Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Ciência Política e Relações Internacionais.

———. 2002. Cooperação, integração e processo negociador: A construcção do Mercosul. Brasília: Instituto Brasileiro de Relações Internacionais.

(p.220) Veliz, Claudio. 1966, ed. Obstacles to Change in Latin America. London: Oxford University Press.

Vieira, Marco Antônio Muxagata de Carvalho. 2001. “Idéias e instituições: Uma reflexão sobre a política externa brasileira do início da década 90.” Contexto Internacional 23 (2) (July–December): 261–273.

Vigevani, Tullo, and Gabriel Cepaluni. 2007. “Lula’s Foreign Policy and the Quest for Autonomy through Diversification.” Third World Quarterly 28 (7): 1309–1326.

———and Marcelo Fernandes de Oliveira. 2007. “Brazilian Foreign Policy in the Cardoso Era: The Search for Autonomy through Integration.” Latin American Perspectives 34 (5) (September): 58–80.

Vizentini, Paulo Fagundes. 2003. Relações internacionais do Brasil: De Vargas a Lula. São Paulo: Editora Fundação Perseu Abramo.

Warren, Harris Gaylord. 1985. Rebirth of the Paraguayan Republic: The First Colorado Era, 1879–1904. Pittsburgh, Pa.: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Webb, Michael C., and Stephen B. Krasner. 1989. “Hegemonic Stability Theory: An Empirical Assessment.” Review of International Studies 15: 183–198.

Weidner, Glenn R. 1999. “Peacekeeping in the Upper Cenapa Valley: A Regional Response to Crisis.” Marcella and Downes (1999).

Weintraub, Sidney. 1991. “The New US Economic Initiative toward Latin America.” Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 33 (1) (Spring): 1–18.

Wendt, Alexander. 1992. “Anarchy Is What States Make of It: The Social Construction of Power Politics.” International Organization 46 (2) (Spring): 391–425.

———. 1999. Social Theory of International Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Whitehead, Laurence. 1991. “The Imposition of Democracy.” Lowenthal (1991).

———, ed. 1996. The International Dimension of Democratization: Europe and Latin America. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

———. 1999. “The European Union and the Americas.” Bulmer-Thomas and Dunkerley (1999).

Wilkinson, Rorden. 2000. Multilateralism and the World Trade Organization: The Architecture and Extension of International Trade Regulation. London: Routledge.

Wilson, Dominic, and Roopa Purushothaman. 2003. “Dreaming with BRICs: The Pat to 2050.” Goldman Sachs Global Economics Paper, no. 99 (1 October).

Wrobel, Paulo S. 1996. “Brazil and the NPT: Resistance to Change?” Security Dialogue 27 (3) (September): 337–347.

Yopo, Boris H. 1991. “The Rio Group: Decline or Consolidation of the Latin American Concertación Policy?” Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 33 (4) (Winter): 27–44.

Zelner, Júlio. 1991. ”Despacho ao Memo DAM-I/108” (26 February). Brasília: Secretaria de Estado das Relações Exteriores.

Zirker, Daniel. 1994. “Brazilian Foreign Policy and Subimperialism during the Transition of the 1980s: A Review and Reapplication of Marini’s Theory.” Latin American Perspectives 21 (1): 115–131.