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Americanization in the StatesImmigrant Social Welfare Policy, Citizenship, and National Identity in the United States, 19081929$
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Christina A. Ziegler-McPherson

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780813033617

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813033617.001.0001

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Cosmopolitanism Cut Short

Cosmopolitanism Cut Short

The Illinois Immigrants Commission, 1919-1921

Chapter:
(p.105) 6 Cosmopolitanism Cut Short
Source:
Americanization in the States
Author(s):

Christina A. Ziegler-McPherson

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813033617.003.0007

Despite the presence of Jane Addams and Hull-House, Grace Abbott, Sophonisba Breckinridge, and the Immigrants' Protective League (IPL) and several other well-organized immigrant organizations, Illinois did not develop a public immigrant social welfare policy until after World War I. As the Americanization movement peaked in 1919, Illinois finally established the Illinois Immigrants Commission (IIC). In this politically and ideologically charged environment, the IIC found few interested in a cosmopolitan approach to Americanization that gave immigrants the lead role in rejuvenating American democracy. However, Illinois's abandonment of its public Americanization policy in 1921 and the resumption of the provision of immigrant social welfare by the IPL and other private organizations represented the option of private social services common in the Progressive Era that would continue until the New Deal.

Keywords:   Americanization, IIC, immigration, Hull-House, American democracy, IPL

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