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Mississippian Mortuary PracticesBeyond Hierarchy and the Representationist Perspective$

Lynne P. Sullivan and Robert C. Mainfort

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780813034263

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813034263.001.0001

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(p.vii) Figures

(p.vii) Figures

Source:
Mississippian Mortuary Practices
Publisher:
University Press of Florida

  1. 1.1. Locations of Archaeological Sites Discussed in this Volume 2

  2. 2.1. Plan Map of Cahokia and Mound 66 20

  3. 2.2. Feature 205 in Cahokia’s Mound 72 23

  4. 3.1. Fatherland Site Mound C Shrine Summit 35

  5. 3.2. Section Through the North End of the Great Mortuary 37

  6. 3.3. Great Mortuary Plan with Rows 41

  7. 3.4. Drawing of the Outer Surface of Craig B Cup 229 47

  8. 3.5. Spiro Mound Group as a Solsticial Organization 49

  9. 3.6. Detail of Burials at Cahokia Mound 72 Submound 1 50

  10. 4.1. Plan Map of the Etowah Site 55

  11. 4.2. Burials Excavated by Larson at Mound C 56

  12. 4.3. Mound C Construction Stages 58

  13. 4.4. Late Wilbanks Burial Groupings 61

  14. 4.5. Creek Square Ground Structure 62

  15. 4.6. Northern Georgia Mississippian House Floor Plan 63

  16. 4.7. Centering Motifs in Engraved Shell and Complicated Stamped Pottery 64

  17. 4.8. The Lobe Burials at Mound C 67

  18. 4.9. Profile Showing the Relationship of the Lobe Burials 68

  19. 5.1. The Moundville Site Featuring the 1939 and 1940 Roadway Excavations 76

  20. 5.2. Selected Mississippian Cemeteries from the Moundville Roadway Excavations 78

  21. 5.3. Phase-Based Chronology for the Black Warrior Valley Featuring Diachronic Changes in the Frequency of Burials for the Moundville Roadway Excavations and the Entire Moundville Site 79

  22. 5.4. Sheratt Diagram for the Roadway Excavations at the Moundville Site 82

  23. 5.5. Number of Artifacts per Individual Burial for the Roadway Excavations at the Moundville Site 84

  24. 5.6. Burial RW 2884, Man over 50 years Old Located in the Center of a Cemetery in Moundville Roadway Block 48+65 85

  25. 5.7. Moundville II-III Cemetery Superimposing Moundville I Residential Group (Roadway blocks 48+00 to 49+00) 86

  26. (p.viii) 5.8. Detail of the Moundville II-III Cemetery Shown in Figure 5.7 (Road-way Blocks 48+00 to 48+50) 87

  27. 5.9. Spatial Comparison of Mississippian Structure Floor Areas to Burial Clusters in the Moundville Roadway 88

  28. 6.1. Location of the Aztalan Site in the State of Wisconsin 91

  29. 6.2. Increase A. Lapham’s Detailed 1855 Map of the Aztalan Site 92

  30. 6.3. An Outline Map of General Activity Areas at Aztalan Indicating Michigan State University’s 2000 and 2001 Research Activity Locations 100

  31. 6.4. Cross-Sections of Two of the Large Pits in the Sculptuary Area 102

  32. 6.5. The Sculptuary as Seen from the Ground 103

  33. 6.6. Map of the Sculptuary Location, Outline of the Feature, and Michigan State University Excavations in Relation to the Northwest Platform Mound 105

  34. 6.7. Location of Articulated Burials, Nonarticulated Human Remains, and Structures at the Aztalan Site 107

  35. 7.1. Study Region for the Sun Watch Site 115

  36. 7.2. Sun Watch Site Map Highlighting Burial Group Locations and Solar Alignments 118

  37. 7.3. Photo of the Complete Whelk Shell from Sun Watch 119

  38. 7.4. Sun Watch Burial Cluster Locations 120

  39. 7.5. Mortuary and Lithic Production Relationships Between the South and West Portions of Sun Watch 122

  40. 7.6. Reconstructions of Sun Watch and a Mississippian Village 125

  41. 8.1. Location of the Middle and Upper Nodena and Nearby Sites 129

  42. 9.1. Areal Map Showing the Location of the Koger’s Island Cemetery 146

  43. 9.2. Plan Map Depicting the Excavated Burials and Features at the Koger’s Island Cemetery 147

  44. 9.3. NAT Analysis at Koger’s Island 161

  45. 9.4. Age and Sex Distribution of Selected Artifact Types from the Koger’s Island Cemetery 162

  46. 9.5. Plan Map Depicting the Cemetery Row Structure Put Forth by Peebles 164

  47. 9.6. Plan Map Depicting Koger’s Island Cemetery Sections Resulting from Simple Visual Inspection and Cluster Analysis 165

  48. 9.7. Plot Depicting the Results of a K-Means Cluster Analysis (3–Cluster Solution) Conducted on the Spatial Location of Burials at the Koger’s Island Cemetery 166

  49. 9.8. Comparison of Age-Group Frequencies in the Three Cemetery Sections at the Koger’s Island Cemetery 167

  50. (p.ix) 9.9. Comparison of Sex Frequencies in the Three Cemetery Sections at the Koger’s Island Cemetery 167

  51. 9.10. Comparison of Burial Type Frequencies in the Three Cemetery Sections at the Koger’s Island Cemetery 168

  52. 9.11. Comparison of the Presence of Funerary Objects in the Three Cemetery Sections at the Koger’s Island Cemetery 168

  53. 9.12. Plan Map Depicting Burials Associated with Concentrations of High-Status Items at Koger’s Island Cemetery 170

  54. 10.1. Location of Pecan Point and Nearby Sites 175

  55. 10.2. The Pecan Point Site and Vicinity in 1912 177

  56. 11.1. Map Showing the Location of the Town Creek Site 197

  57. 11.2. Identified Architectural Elements at Town Creek 198

  58. 11.3. Early Town Creek Phase Architectural Elements 202

  59. 11.4. Burials in Small Circular Structures at Town Creek 203

  60. 11.5. Premound Public Buildings and Associated Burials at Town Creek 204

  61. 11.6. Burials Associated with Structures 4a and 24 at Town Creek 205

  62. 11.7. Late Town Creek-Early Leak Phase Architectural Elements 217

  63. 11.8. Structures on Mound Summits Dating to the Late Town Creek Phase (Structures 45a and 45b) and Early Leak Phase (Structures 46a and 46b) 218

  64. 11.9. Burials Associated with Enclosure 1 and Structure 51 at Town Creek 219

  65. 11.10. Burials in Enclosed Circular Structures at Town Creek 220

  66. 11.11. Burials in Large Rectangular Structure at Town Creek 221

  67. 11.12. Histograms of NAT for Early Town Creek and Late Town Creek-Leak Phase Burials with Grave Goods 226

  68. 11.13. Bar Chart Showing Percentages of Burials with Artifacts by Structure Type or Burial Area at Town Creek 227

  69. 11.14. NAT Density (NAT/Number of Burials) by Structure Type or Burial Area at Town Creek 227

  70. 11.15. Town Creek Burial 59/Mg2 228

  71. 11.16. Town Creek Burial 20/Mg3 229

  72. 12.1. Ledford Island Site Plan 240

  73. 12.2. Fains Island Site Plan 241

  74. 12.3. Comparison of the Demographic Profiles of the Ledford Island and Fains Island Burials 242

  75. 12.4. Burial Deposition at Ledford Island Plaza Cemetery and Fains Island Mound 244

  76. (p.x) 12.5. Occurrence of Funerary Objects by Age and Sex at Ledford Island and Fains Island 245

  77. 12.6. Occurrence of Objects by Age and Sex in the Fains Island Mound and the Ledford Island Plaza Cemeteries 245

  78. 12.7. Occurrence of Ornaments by Age and Sex in the Fains Island Mound and Three Mouse Creek Phase Sites 246

  79. 13.1. Location of the Holliston Mills Site 251

  80. 13.2. Plan View Map of the Holliston Mills Site 251

  81. 13.3. Distribution of Burials with Grave Goods vis-à-vis Burials Without Grave Goods at Holliston Mills 258

  82. 13.4. Other Mississippian Period Sites in the Immediate Vicinity of Holliston Mills 263

  83. 13.5. Prominent Mississippian Period Sites in the Region Surrounding Holliston Mills 264

  84. 13.6. Modeled Appliqué Face Cord-Marked Sherd from Holliston Mills 268

  85. 14.1. Drawing by Constantine Rafinesque of a Prehistoric Mummy from Short Cave, Kentucky, and Woven Fiber Artifacts Found with It 273

  86. 14.2. Late Woodland Period Woven Fiber Bag from Big Bone Cave, Tennessee 274

  87. 14.3. Illustrations from E. F. Hassler’s Description of a Tennessee Burial Cave 277

  88. 14.4. Map of Glover’s Cave Burials 278

  89. 14.5. Map of Prehistoric Burials in Coleman Cave, Tennessee 279

  90. 14.6. Count of Burial Caves Known Today by Time Period 281

  91. 14.7. Count of Burial Caves Known Today by State 282

  92. 14.8. Examples of the Toothy Mouth Motif from Caves Discussed in the Text 285

  93. 14.9. Petroglyphs from 38th Unnamed Cave, Tennessee 289

  94. 14.10. Petroglyphs from 12th Unnamed Cave, Tennessee 290