Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Commodore Abraham Whipple of the Continental NavyPrivateer, Patriot, Pioneer$

Sheldon S. Cohen

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780813034331

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813034331.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use (for details see http://www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 26 February 2017

(p.213) Bibliography

(p.213) Bibliography

Commodore Abraham Whipple of the Continental Navy
University Press of Florida

Bibliography references:

Primary Sources


Anderson, Robert C. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620–1633. 3 vols. Boston: New England Historical and Genealogical Society, 1995.

Champlin, Robert. A Rhode Island Slaver: Trade Book of the Sloop Adventure, 1773–1774. Providence: Shepley Library, 1922.

Chinard, Gilbert, ed. The Treaties of 1778, and Allied Documents. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1928.

Cone, Mary. Life of Rufus Putnam, with Extracts from His Journal, and an Account of the First Settlement of Ohio. Cleveland: William W. Williams, 1888.

Dexter, Franklin B., ed. The Literary Diary of Ezra Stiles. 3 vols. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1901.

Edwards, Bryan. The History, Civil and Commercial, of the British Colonies in the West Indies. 2 vols. London: J. Stockdale, 1793.

Hamilton, Alexander, John Jay, and James Madison. The Federalist Papers. New York: J. and A. McLean, 1788.

Holbrook, Jay M. Rhode Island, 1782 Census. Oxford, Mass.: Holbrook Research Institute of New England, 1979.

Ramsay, David. The History of South Carolina from Its First Settlement in 1670 to the Year 1808. 2 vols. Charleston, S.C.: David Longworth, 1809.

Richardson, James D., ed. A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents, 1789–1897. Vol. 1. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1899.

Sherburne, Andrew. Memoirs of Andrew Sherburne, a Pensioner of the Navy of the Revolution. Providence, R.I.: H. H. Brown, 1831.

Turner, Ethel M. The English Ancestry of Thomas Stoughton, 1588–1661, and His Son Thomas Stoughton, 1624–1684, of Windsor, Connecticut, His Brother Israel Stoughton, 1603–1645, and His Nephew William Stoughton, 1631–1701, of Dorchester, Massachusetts. Waterloo, Wisc., 1958.

Washington, George. George Washington’s Diaries: An Abridgement. Ed. Dorothy Twohig. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1999.

Whipple, Henry. A Brief Genealogy of the Whipple Families. Providence, R.I.: A. C. Greene, printer, 1873.

(p.214) ARTICLES

Dexter, George. “Journal of Thomas Walcutt.” Massachusetts Historical Society, Proceedings 17 (Boston, 1879/80): 176–201.

Dyer, Allan D. “First Owners of Ohio Lands.” New England Historical and Genealogical Register 65 (January 1879): 218–27.

Phillips, Josephine S. “The Savage Portrait of Abraham Whipple.” Typescript, June 1944, Campus Martius Museum, Marietta, Ohio.

Thayer, Walter E. “Commodore Abraham Whipple’s Father Identified.” New England Historical and Genealogical Register 102 (June 1946): 68–69.

“William Vernon and the Navy Board.” Records of the Rhode Island Historical Society 7, no. 4 (1901): 258–89.


Adams, John. Papers. Ed. Gregory Lint, Robert Taylor, Richard Ryerson et al. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1959.

American National Biography. 24 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Arnold, James N., ed. Vital Records of Rhode Island, 1636–1850, vol. 10, Births, Marriages, and Deaths. Providence, R.I.: Narragansett Historical Publishing Company, 1891.

Bartlett, John Russell, ed. Records of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations in New England. 10 vols. Providence, R.I.: A. C. Greene, State Printer, 1856–65.

Cobbett, William, comp. The Parliamentary History of England from the Earliest Period to the Year 1803. Vol. 18. London: T. C. Hansard, 1814.

Davies, Kenneth G., ed. Documents of the American Revolution, 1770–1783. 21 vols. Shannon: Irish Academic Press, 1972–81.

Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States, Twelfth Congress, First Session, November 11, 1811–July 6, 1812. Vols. 23 and 24. Washington, D.C.: Gales and Seaton, 1853, 1859.

Dictionary of American Biography. Ed. Allen Johnson and Dumas Malone. 35 vols. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons 1927–36.

Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Vol. 5. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1970.

Franklin, Benjamin. Papers. Ed. Leonard W. Labaree et al. 39 vols. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1959–2008.

Green, Nathanael. Papers. Vol. 1. Ed. Richard K. Showman. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1976.

Jefferson, Thomas. Papers. Ed. Julian P. Boyd et al. 33 vols. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1950–2006.

Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774–1789. Ed. Worthington C. Ford. 34 vols. Washington, D.C.: Giles and Seaton, 1904–37.

(p.215) Madison, James. The Writings of James Madison, 1783–1786. Vol. 2. Ed. Gaillard Hunt. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1901.

Morris, Robert. Papers. Ed. E. James Ferguson, John Catanzarti, Elizabeth Nuxall et al. 9 vols. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1973–98.

Naval Documents of the American Revolution. Ed. William B. Clark, Michael J. Crawford, William B. Morgan et al. 11 vols. Washington, D.C.: Naval History Division, Department of the Navy, 1964–2006.

Paullin, Charles O., ed. Out-Letters of the Continental Marine Committee and Board of Admiralty, August 1776–September 1780. 2 vols. New York: Printed for the Naval History Society by the De Vinne Press, 1914.

Richardson, James D. A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents, 1789–1897. 10 vols. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1896–99.

Smith, Paul H., and Ralph M. Gephart, eds. Letters of Delegates to Congress, 1774–1789. 26 vols. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1976–2000.

Thorpe, Francis N., ed. The Federal and State Constitutions. Vol. 7. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1909.

Washington, George. The Writings of George Washington, from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745–1799. Ed. John C. Fitzpatrick. 39 vols. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1931–44.


Admiralty Papers, Admiralty Court Series. National Archives, Kew, London.

Brown Family Papers. John Carter Brown Library, Providence, R.I.

Special Collections. John Hay Library, Brown University, Providence, R.I.

Cooke, Nicholas. Papers. Rhode Island Historical Society, Providence.

High Court of Admiralty Records. Admiralty Records, National Archives, Kew, London.

Hildreth, Samuel P. Papers (1836–1952), MS 63. Ohio State Historical Society Archives and Library, Columbus.

Hopkins, Esek. MSS. Rhode Island Historical Society, Providence.

Lippincott, Bruce, MSS Genealogical Documents. Rhode Island Historical Society, Newport.

Lloyd’s Register of Shipping, 1741–1820. MS. National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London.

Papers of the Continental Congress, 1774–89. National Records and Archives Administration, Washington, D.C.

Pension Reports of the United States Navy, 1811–19. Records Group 45, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.

Putnam, Rufus. Papers. Dawes Memorial Library, Marietta College, Marietta, Ohio.

Whipple, Abraham. Papers, 1763–87. Microfilm. William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Whipple, Abraham. Documents 1807–18, MSS. Ohio State Archives and Library, Columbus.

(p.216) Whipple Family Typescripts, and Abraham Whipple Collection. Rhode Island Historical Society, Providence.

Whipple Genealogical Papers. Library of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City.

Whipple genealogical website (http://genweb.whipple.org/persons.html).


American Friend (Marietta, Ohio)

American Journal and Country Advertiser (Providence, R.I.)

American Monthly Magazine

Boston Gazette and Country Journal

Boston Postboy

Builder Magazine (National Masonic Research Society)

Columbian Centinel

Connecticut Gazette (New London)

Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine

Freeman’s Journal (Cincinnati)

The Gentleman’s Magazine and Historical Chronicle (London)

Independent Chronicle (Boston)

London Chronicle

Marietta Gazette

Marietta Times

Massachusetts Gazette and Country Journal (Boston)

New England Historical and Genealogical Register (Boston)

New London Gazette

New York Gazette

New York Journal

Newport Mercury

Pennsylvania Gazette (Philadelphia)

Pennsylvania Packet

Providence Gazette and Country Journal

Seattle Times

Western Spectator (Marietta, Ohio)

Western Spy and Hamilton Gazette (Marietta, Ohio)


MacInnes, John B. “Rhode Island Bills of Public Credit, 1710–1755.” PhD thesis, Brown University, Providence, 1952.

(p.217) Secondary Sources


Alden, John. A History of the American Revolution. New York: Harper, 1969.

Allen, Gardner W. A Naval History of the American Revolution. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1913.

Anderson, Fred. The Crucible of War: The Seven Years’ War and the Fate of Empire in British North America, 1754–1766. New York: Vintage, 2000.

Arnold, Samuel G. History of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. 2 vols. Providence: Preston, 1898, 1899.

Bailyn, Bernard. The New England Merchants in the Seventeenth Century. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1964.

Bargar, Bradley D. Lord Dartmouth and the American Revolution. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1965.

Baugh, Daniel A. British Naval Administration in the Age of Walpole. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1966.

Beeman, Richard, Stephen Botein, and Edward C. Carter. Beyond Confrontation: Origins of the Constitution and American National Identity. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1987.

Bloom, Harold, and Paul Kane, eds. Collected Poems and Translations of Ralph Waldo Emerson. New York: Library of America, 1992.

Bolles, John Rogers, and Anna Bolles Williams. The Rogerenes: Some Hitherto Unpublished Annals Belonging to the Colonial History of Connecticut. Boston: Stanhope Press, 1904.

Boyd, Julian P. The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union. Boston: Old South Press, 1960.

Bridenbaugh, Carl. Cities in Revolt: Urban Life in Colonial America, 1743–1776. New York: Colony Books, 1955.

———. Vexed and Troubled Englishmen, 1590–1642. New York: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Brigham, Clarence S. History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690–1820. Worcester, Mass.: American Antiquarian Society, 1962.

Bullock, Steven C. Revolutionary Brotherhood: Freemasonry and the Transformation of the American Social Order, 1730–1840. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

Burnett, Edmund C. The Continental Congress. New York: Harper, 1941.

Caulkins, Frances M. History of New London, Connecticut: From the First Survey of the Coast in 1612 to 1852. New London: Case, Tiffany, 1852.

Cayton, Andrew, and Paula Riggs. From City into Town: The Story of Marietta, 1788–1865. Marietta: Marietta Press, 1991.

Chace, Henry. Maps of Providence, Rhode Island, 1650–1770. Providence: Livemore & Knight, 1914.

(p.218) Chapin, Howard M. Privateering in King George’s War, 1739–1748. Providence: E. A. Johnson, 1928.

Christie, Ian R. The End of North’s Ministry, 1780–1782. London: Macmillan, 1958.

———. Wilkes, Wyvill, and Reform: The Parliamentary Reform Movement in British Politics, 1760–1785. London: Macmillan, 1962.

———. Wars and Revolutions: Britain, 1760–1815. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1982.

Colley, Linda. Britain: Forging of the Nation, 1707–1837. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.

Cook, Don. The Long Fuse: How England Lost the American Colonies, 1760–1785. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1995.

Coughtry, Jay. The Notorious Triangle: Rhode Island and the African Slave Trade, 1700–1807. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1981.

Dandridge, Danske. American Prisoners of the Revolution. Baltimore: Genealogical Society of America, 1967.

Daughan, George C. If by Sea: The Forging of the American Navy—From the Revolution to the War of 1812. New York: Basic Books, 2008.

Davis, Burke. George Washington and the American Revolution. New York: Random House, 1976.

Dimock, Martha M. A Chronicle of the American Revolution. New York: Harper and Row, 1976.

Duffy, John. Epidemics in Colonial America. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1971.

Dull, Jonathan. A Diplomatic History of the American Revolution, 1774–1783. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985.

Eckert, Allan W. Gateway to Empire: A Narrative. Boston: Little, Brown, 1983.

———. That Dark and Bloody River: Chronicles of the Ohio River Valley. New York: Bantam Dell, 1995.

Elkins, Stanley, and Eric McKitrick. The Age of Federalism: The Early American Republic, 1789–1800. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Ferguson, Eugene S. Truxton and the Constitution: The Life of Commodore Thomas Truxton, U.S. Navy, 1755–1822. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1982.

Field, Edward. Esek Hopkins, Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Navy during the American Revolution, 1775–1778. Providence: Preston and Rounds, 1898.

Fowler, William M., Jr. Rebels under Sail: The American Navy during the Revolution. New York: Scribner, 1976.

Gilje, Paul A. Liberty on the Waterfront: American Culture in the Age of Revolution. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.

Golway, Terry. Washington’s General: Nathanael Greene and the Triumph of the American Revolution. New York: John MacRae, 2005.

Haddon, Muriel Whipple. Homespun Lore. Mystic, Conn.: Mystic Seaport Books, 1998.

(p.219) Harris, Leslie M. In the Shadow of Slavery: African Americans in New York City, 1626–1863. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.

Havighurst, Walter. Ohio: A Bicentennial History. New York: W. W. Norton, 1976.

Hazard, Samuel. Santo Domingo, Past and Present, with a Glance at Hayti. New York: Harper, 1873.

Hearn, Charles. George Washington’s Schooners: The First American Navy. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1995.

Hedges, James Blaine. The Browns of Providence Plantations. 2 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1952, 1965.

Heyrman, Christina L. Commerce and Culture: The Maritime Communities of Colonial Massachusetts, 1690–1750. New York: Norton, 1984.

Hibbert, Christopher. Redcoats and Rebels: The American Revolution through British Eyes. New York: W. W. Norton, 1990.

Hildreth, Arthur. Pioneer History: Being an Account of the First Expeditions of the Ohio Valley and the Settlement of the Northwest Territory. Cincinnati: H. W. Derby, 1848.

———. Memoirs of the Pioneer Settlers of Ohio, with Narratives of Incidents and Occurrences in 1775. Cincinnati: H. W. Derby, 1855.

———. The Early Hildreths of New England. Boston: T. W. Riley Press, 1894.

Hopkins, Charles E. Ohio, the Beautiful and the Historic. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1931.

Hoogbergen, Wil S. M. The Boni Maroon War in Suranami. Leiden, Netherlands, and New York: Brill, 1990.

Howe, Henry, ed. Historical Collections of Ohio, in Two Volumes. Norwalk: State of Ohio Press, 1896.

Hulbert, Archer B., ed. The Records of the Original Proceedings of the Ohio Company. Ohio Company series. 3 vols. Marietta, Ohio: Marietta Historical Commission, 1917–18.

Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720–1830. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996.

Hutchinson, J. R. The Press Gang: Afloat and Ashore. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1914.

James, Sydney V. Colonial Rhode Island: A History. New York: Scribner, 1975.

James, William W. The British Navy in Adversity. London: Longman Green, 1926.

Jameson, John Franklin. Privateering and Piracy in the Colonial Period. New York: Macmillan, 1923.

Jensen, Merrill. The New Nation: A History of the United States during the Confederation, 1781–1789. New York: Vintage, 1950.

Jernegan, Marcus W. Laboring and Dependent Classes in Colonial America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1931.

Kelley, Joseph J. Life and Times in Colonial Philadelphia. Harrisburg, Pa.: Stackpole, 1973.

Kerr, Walter B. Bermuda and the American Revolution. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1936.

(p.220) Kimball, Gertrude. Providence in Colonial Times. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1912.

Knepper, George W. Ohio and Its People. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1989.

Knollenberg, Bernhard. Origins of the American Revolution, 1759–1766. Rev. ed. New York: Collier Books, 1961.

Latrobe, John H. E. The First Steamboat Voyage on the Western Waters. Baltimore: J. Murphy, 1871.

Leckie, Robert. George Washington’s War: The Saga of the American Revolution. New York: HarperCollins, 1992.

Lender, Charles Franklin. Pirates on the Ohio: A Tale of the Brig St. Clair and the Indomitable Commodore Whipple. New York: Howell, Sorkin, 1947.

Maclay, Edgar S. A History of American Privateers. New York: D. Appleton, 1899.

McCullough, David. 1776. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2005.

McDonald, Forrest. E Pluribus Unum: The Formation of the American Republic. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1965.

McEwen, W. A., and A. H. Lewis. Encyclopedia of Nautical Knowledge. Cambridge, Md.: Cornell Maritime Press, 1953.

McGuigan, Claire H. The Antecedents and Descendants of Noah Whipple, of the Rogerene Community at Quakertown, Connecticut. Ithaca, N.Y.: Kingsbury, 1971.

McManemin, John A. Captains of the Continental Navy. Ho-Ho-Kus, N.J.: Ho-Ho-Kus, 1981.

———. Abraham Whipple, Commodore of the Continental Navy: A Forgotten Hero. Spring Lake, N.J.: Ho-Ho-Kus, 2000.

McManus, Edgar J. A History of Slavery in New York. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1966.

Mattern, David B. Benjamin Lincoln and the American Revolution. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1998.

Middlekauff, Robert. The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution, 1763–1789. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982.

Millar, John F. Early American Ships. Williamsburg, Va.: Thirteen Colony Press, 1986.

Miller, John C. The Federalist Era, 1789–1801. New York: Harper, 1960.

Miller, Nathan. Sea of Glory: A Naval History of the American Revolution. New York: D. McKay, 1974.

Morgan, Edmund S. Visible Saints: The History of a Puritan Idea. New York: New York University Press, 1963.

———. Roger Williams: The Church and the State. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1967.

———. The Puritan Family: Religion and Domestic Relations in Seventeenth-Century New England. Rev. ed. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1980.

Morgan, Edmund S., and Helen M. Morgan. The Stamp Act Crisis: Prologue to Revolution. New York: Collier Books, 1963.

Morgan, William J. Captains to the Northward. Barre, Mass.: Barre, 1959.

(p.221) Morison, Samuel Eliot. The Maritime History of Massachusetts, 1783–1860. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1921.

———. John Paul Jones, a Sailor’s Biography. Boston: Little, Brown, 1959.

Morris, Richard B. The Peacemakers: The Great Powers and American Independence. New York: Harper, 1965.

———. The Revolution Reconsidered. New York: Harper, 1967.

———. The Forging of the Union, 1781–1789. New York: Harper, 1987.

Notestein, Wallace. The English People on the Eve of Colonization, 1603–1630. New York: Harper, 1954.

Paine, Lincoln P. Down East: A Maritime History of Maine. Gardiner, Maine: Tillbury House, 2000.

Petrie, Donald A. The Prize Game: Lawful Looting on the High Seas in the Days of Fighting Sail. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1999.

Polishook, Irwin. H. Rhode Island and the Union, 1774–1795. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 1969.

Rappleye, Charles. Sons of Providence: The Brown Brothers, the Slave Trade, and the American Revolution. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2006.

Rider, Hope S. Valour Fore & Aft, Being the Adventures of the Continental Sloop Providence, 1775–1779, Formerly Flagship Katy of Rhode Island’s Navy. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1977.

Savelle, Max. The Origins of American Diplomacy: The International History of Anglo-America, 1492–1763. New York: Macmillan, 1967..

Simpson, Alan. Puritanism in Old and New England. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1955.

Smith, Charles R. Marines in the American Revolution: A History of the Continental Marines in the Revolution, 1775–1783. Washington, D.C.: University Press of the Pacific, 1975.

Smith, Philip C. F. Captain Samuel Tucker, 1747–1833, Continental Navy. Salem, Mass.: Essex Institute, 1976.

Smith, S. Winifred. The Governors of Ohio. Columbus: Ohio Historical Society, 1954.

Stout, Neil R. The Royal Navy in America, 1760–1779: A Study of Enforcement in the Era of the American Revolution. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1973.

Syrett, David. The Royal Navy in American Waters, 1775–1783. Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1989.

Tillinghast, Rose C. The Tillinghast Family, 1560–1971. N.p., 1972.

Ubbelohde, Carl. The Vice-Admiralty Courts and the American Revolution. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1960.

Vickers, Daniel, and Vince Walsh. Young Men and the Sea: Yankee Seafarers in the Age of Sail. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005.

Watson, John S. Reign of George III. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1960.

Whipple, Charles M., Jr. A History of Captain John and Sarah Whipple of Dorchester, (p.222) Massachusetts, and Providence, Rhode Island, 1617–1685: A Multigenerational Study of the First Whipple Family in America. Victoria, B.C.: Trafford, 2007.

Wildes, Henry G. Anthony Wayne: Troubleshooter of the American Revolution. New York: Harper and Row, 1941.

Williams, Ian. Rum: A Social and Sociable History of the Real Spirit of 1776. New York: Nation Books, 2005.

Williams, William Z. History of Washington County, Ohio, with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches. Marietta, Ohio: H. Z. Williams and Bros., 1881.

Wood, Gordon. Creation of the American Republic. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1968.

Zimmer, Louise. True Stories from Pioneer Times (Northwest Territory, 1787–1812). Marietta, Ohio: Broughton Foods, 1987.


“Abraham Whipple, Rhode Island Patriot.” Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine 106, no. 8 (1972).

Andrews, Israel W. “The Marietta Colony of 1788.” New England Historical and Genealogical Register 56 (October 1888): 356–59.

Bailyn, Bernard. “Communication and Trade: The Atlantic in the Seventeenth Century.” Journal of Economic History 13 (1953): 378–87.

Baird, George W. “Great Men Who Were Masons: Abraham Whipple.” Builder Magazine 11, no. 7 (July 1925): 1–4.

Baker, William Avery. “Vessel Types of Colonial Massachusetts.” In Seafaring in Colonial Massachusetts: A Conference Held by the Colonial Society of Massachusetts, November 21 and 22, 1975, 23–29. Boston: Colonial Society of Massachusetts, 1980.

Barker, James. Recollections of the First Settlement in Ohio. Ed. George J. Blazier. Marietta, Ohio: Marietta College, 1958.

Brownell, Harriet A. “Genealogy of the Fields of Providence, Rhode Island.” Typescript. Providence, 1878.

Champlin, Frederick O. “House of Champlin.” Typescript, New York, 1933. Film 0000699, Library of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City.

Cohen, Sheldon S. “Captain Robert Niles, Connecticut State Navy.” American Neptune 39 (July 1979): 190–208.

———. “The Philippa Affair.” Georgia Historical Quarterly 69 (Fall 1985): 338–51.

———. “Abraham Whipple: Facts and Fallacies.” Tallow Light 38, no. 3 (Winter 2007): 120–25.

Cotton, William R. “Commodore Abraham Whipple.” Typescript, Washington County Public Library, Marietta, Ohio, 1909.

Herbert, Ervin L. “The Whipples: A History of the Whipple Family, 350 Years from (p.223) Captain John Whipple to the Children of Eli Whipple.” Ms. 1035612, Library of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, 1983.

“Journal of Thomas Wallcut.” Massachusetts Historical Society Proceedings 17 (October 1879).

Lemisch, Jesse. “Jack Tar in the Streets: Merchant Seamen and the Politics of Revolutionary America.” William and Mary Quarterly, 3d ser., 25 (July 1968): 372–97.

Leslie, William R. “The Gaspee Affair: A Study of Its Constitutional Significance.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 39 (1952): 233–56.

McElroy, John W. “Seafaring in Seventeenth-Century New England.” New England Quarterly 8 (September 1935): 331–60.

Morris, Marlene, and Dorothy Wetz. “Shall We Gather at the River? The Greenes of Warwick and Newport, Rhode Island.” Typescript, Washington County Public Library, Marietta, Ohio, 2007.

Newton, Clair Alonzo. “Captain John Whipple, 1617–1685, and His Descendants.” Typescript, Naperville, Ill., 1946.

Phillips, Joseph E. “The Savage Portrait of Abraham Whipple.” Typescript, June 1944, Campus Martius Museum, Marietta, Ohio.

Phillips, Josephine E. “The Naming of Marietta.” Ohio History 55 (June 1946): 106–35.

Reiter, Edith S. “Commodore Abraham Whipple, the Brig St. Clair, and Their Successors: The Sons and Daughters of Pioneer Rivermen.” Typescript of an address to the Women’s Centennial Association of Marietta, January 1944, Campus Martius Museum, Marietta, Ohio.

Sheffield, William P. Privateersmen of Newport. An address to the Rhode Island Historical Society, February 7, 1882. Newport, 1883.

Stout, Neil R. “Manning the Royal Navy in North America, 1763–1775.” American Neptune 23 (1962): 174–85.

Tribou, Agnes C. “Commodore Abraham Whipple.” American Monthly Magazine 30 (August 1909).

Weller, A. E. “Dr. Samuel Hildreth, 1783–1863.” Ohio History 53, no. 4 (1944): 313–38.


American Historical Review

American Neptune

Connecticut Historical Society Bulletin

Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine

Georgia Historical Quarterly

Journal of American History

Journal of Economic History

Marietta College Bulletin

Massachusetts Historical Society Proceedings

Military History Quarterly

(p.224) Mississippi Valley Historical Review

New England Quarterly

Newport History

Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography

Rhode Island History

Seattle Times

Virginia Magazine of History and Biography

William and Mary Quarterly


British National Archives, Kew, London.

British Library, London.

Brown University, John Carter Brown and John Hay Libraries, Providence, R.I.

Campus Martius Museum and Library, Marietta, Ohio.

Connecticut Historical Society, Connecticut State Library, Hartford, Conn.

Custom House Library, Services, Museum and Records Unit, London.

Essex Institute, Salem, Mass.

Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City.

Library, Loyola University, Chicago.

Marietta College Library, Marietta, Ohio.

Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston.

National Archives, Washington, D.C., Chicago Branch.

National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London.

Naval Historical Center, Washington Navy Yard, Washington, D.C.

Naval History and Heritage Command, Annapolis, Md.

New England Historical and Genealogical Society, Boston.

Newberry Library, Chicago.

Newport Historical Society, Newport, R.I.

Northwestern University Library, Evanston, Ill.

Ohio State Archives and Libraries, Columbus.

Rhode Island Historical Society, Providence.

Rhode Island State Library and Archives, Providence.

South Carolina Historical Society, Charleston.

South Carolina State Library, Columbia.

University of Wisconsin Library, Madison.

University of Chicago Regenstein Library, Chicago.

Washington County Historical Society, Marietta, Ohio.

Washington County Public Library, Marietta, Ohio.

William Clements Library, Ann Arbor, Mich.

Yale University, Papers of Benjamin Franklin, Sterling Library.

New Haven, Conn. Yale University, Papers of John Paul Jones (microfilm copy).