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Hopewell Settlement Patterns, Subsistence, and Symbolic Landscapes$
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A. Martin Byers and DeeAnne Wymer

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780813034553

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813034553.001.0001

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The Ceremonial Landscape of the Newark Earthworks and the Raccoon Creek Valley Bradley T. Lepper

The Ceremonial Landscape of the Newark Earthworks and the Raccoon Creek Valley Bradley T. Lepper

Chapter:
(p.97) 4 The Ceremonial Landscape of the Newark Earthworks and the Raccoon Creek Valley Bradley T. Lepper
Source:
Hopewell Settlement Patterns, Subsistence, and Symbolic Landscapes
Author(s):

Bradley T. Lepper

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813034553.003.0005

This chapter situates the Newark Earthworks, probably the most complex of known Ohio Hopewellian works, within the larger framework of the Raccoon Valley and shows that understanding the former requires appreciation of the complexity of the overall history of earthwork construction. As per an archaeological perspective, it is a ceremonial landscape but evidence is available to show that habitation sites were present throughout the area in close proximity to the earthworks. The chapter outlines the archaeology of the Newark Earthworks as well as the Raccoon Creek Valley. The chapter also tries to depict the Newark Earthworks as a ritual machine and even as a pilgrimage centre.

Keywords:   earthworks, eastern North America, Newark Earthworks, Ohio Hopewellian works, pilgrimage centre, Raccoon Valley

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