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Hopewell Settlement Patterns, Subsistence, and Symbolic Landscapes$
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A. Martin Byers and DeeAnne Wymer

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780813034553

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813034553.001.0001

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The Turner-Hopewell Axis

The Turner-Hopewell Axis

Exploring Interaction through Embankment Form and Mortuary Patterning

Chapter:
(p.230) 8 The Turner-Hopewell Axis
Source:
Hopewell Settlement Patterns, Subsistence, and Symbolic Landscapes
Author(s):

A. Martin Byers

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813034553.003.0009

This chapter explores the relationship between the Turner and the Hopewell sites based on assessing the style and configuration of their earthwork design, mortuary rituals, and the domestic-ceremonial duality. It addresses, utilizing insights from the Turner Earthworks (as well as other sites), the “central puzzle” that has perplexed archaeologists—the apparent contradiction between populations who lived in largely “invisible,” small, scattered habitation sites yet produced earthworks on a monumental scale. It also intriguingly asserts that one mechanism that may have balanced the polluting survival pursuits of everyday life with the labor and time that would have gone into the sanctifying ceremonial activities is for groups separated geographically to have created alliances.

Keywords:   Turner-Hopewell axis, earthwork design, mortuary rituals, Woodland period, Eastern Woodlands, Central Ohio Valley

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