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Duvalier's GhostsRace, Diaspora, and U.S. Imperialism in Haitian Literatures$
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Jana Evans Braziel

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780813034577

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813034577.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use (for details see www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 22 January 2019

Le Cri des Oiseaux Fous

Le Cri des Oiseaux Fous

Duvalierism, Development, State Violence, and Duvalierism without Duvalier

(p.177) 6 Le Cri des Oiseaux Fous
Duvalier's Ghosts

Jana Evans Braziel

University Press of Florida

History has branded Haiti to be a state of militarism, rising violence, and bloodshed. These framings are the direct result of bad media reports about Haiti. These pictures of Haiti have surfaced in North American scholars' literary criticism as well as theoretical approaches to Haitian literature. This chapter presents an alternating theorization of terror as one which is transnationally informed and not nationally concluded as has been shown in Laferrière's novel Le cri des oiseaux fous. Contradicting Scharfman's argument that Haiti has been plagued by violence since the republic's inception, the chapter states that Haiti terror cannot be scrutinized without considering that international pressures have created violence in the country. The chapter also examines Laferrière's diaporic representations of terror in Le cri des oiseaux fous placing acts of terror within a transnational context.

Keywords:   Haiti, militarism, rising violence, bloodshed, North American, Haitian literature, Laferrière, Le cri des oiseaux fous, diaporic representations, Scharfman

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