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Contentious Politics in the Middle EastPolitical Opposition under Authoritarianism$
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Holger Albrecht

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780813034744

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813034744.001.0001

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Remaking Lebanon after Syria

Remaking Lebanon after Syria

The Rise and Fall of Proxy Authoritarianism

Chapter:
(p.205) 10 Remaking Lebanon after Syria
Source:
Contentious Politics in the Middle East
Author(s):

Bassel F. Salloukh

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813034744.003.0011

This chapter is a genealogy of the institutional and coercive techniques Syria deployed to ensure almost total control of Lebanon from 1990 to 2005. This involves an analysis of how a third party spoiled the war-to-peace transition, the establishment and later consolidation of a proxy security regime in Lebanon, the marginalization of the Christian political elite, and the tug-of-war with Hariri to contain his political and economic capabilities as well as his regional and international weight. The story would be incomplete without tracing the rise of opposition to Syria's policies in Lebanon, culminating in its withdrawal from Lebanon under intense international pressure after Hariri's assassination. Thus, this chapter has a unique place in this volume. It examines the establishment of a proxy security regime and its consequent collapse in one state, Lebanon, through the strategies and interests of another state, Syria, and its local allies.

Keywords:   Syria, Lebanon, war-to-peace transition, Christian political elite, Hariri

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