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Natives, Europeans, and Africans in Colonial CampecheHistory and Archaeology$
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Vera Tiesler, Pilar Zabala, and Andrea Cucina

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780813034928

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813034928.001.0001

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Social Inequality in the Early Spanish Colony

Social Inequality in the Early Spanish Colony

Oral Pathologies and Dental Enamel Hypoplasia in the Skeletal Sample from Campeche

Chapter:
(p.111) 6 Social Inequality in the Early Spanish Colony
Source:
Natives, Europeans, and Africans in Colonial Campeche
Author(s):

Andrea Cucina

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813034928.003.0006

This chapter explores the comparative health and living conditions of locally born individuals versus individuals of foreign origin. Through the analysis of dental strontium isotopes, it was confirmed that some of the individuals unearthed from the colonial cemetery were probably born on the African continent. The isotopic ratios in these foreigners were much higher than those encountered in Mesoamerica and match the values from Western Africa. In this study, dental data—specifically from the African segment of the population—were reelaborated according to origin (local vs. foreign). Oral pathologies and developmental stress markers from teeth were analyzed to assess their impact on the growth and maturation of first generation immigrants compared to those of later generations.

Keywords:   Spanish colony, dental strontium isotopes, oral pathologies, living conditions, colonial cemetery, Western Africa

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