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Natives, Europeans, and Africans in Colonial CampecheHistory and Archaeology$
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Vera Tiesler, Pilar Zabala, and Andrea Cucina

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780813034928

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813034928.001.0001

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Identity, Alienation, and Integration

Identity, Alienation, and Integration

Body Modifications in the Early Colonial Population from Campeche

(p.130) 7 Identity, Alienation, and Integration
Natives, Europeans, and Africans in Colonial Campeche

Vera Tiesler

Iván Oliva Arias

University Press of Florida

This chapter aims to analyze cultural practices that have left their traces in the skeletal morphology of the burial population from Campeche's main square. It refers specifically to cranial deformation, dental work, and a series of occupational markers in teeth. Some of the information, specifically of African dental decorations, has also been published in previous work. This study includes a synopsis of this research and provides additional ideas on the techniques and practices employed to obtain the desired dental and head shapes. Employing a dichotomized interpretive schema, the possible roles and meanings of these modifications within the newly formed social milieu of early colonial Campeche are discussed by approaching them through the rubrics of integration versus alienation, identity versus assimilation, and the desirable versus the undesirable. To this end biographical and contextual information are made available in the course of the investigation.

Keywords:   skeletal morphology, burial population, main square, Campeche, cranial deformation, occupational markers, colonial Campeche, dental work, social culture

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