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Venezuela's Petro-DiplomacyHugo Chavez's Foreign Policy$
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Ralph S. Clem

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813035307

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813035307.001.0001

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European Progressives and the Bolivarian Social Agenda

European Progressives and the Bolivarian Social Agenda

(p.135) 9 European Progressives and the Bolivarian Social Agenda
Venezuela's Petro-Diplomacy

Julia Buxton

University Press of Florida

This chapter focuses on the “progressive” European perspectives of Hugo Chávez and his Bolivarian revolution. It studies the two stages of progressive alignment with the Bolivarian process, the first commencing with the failed coup attempt of April 2002, and the second dating roughly from the recall referendum of 2004. Venezuela exemplifies an interesting experiment in constructing an alternative to the current global status quo. Setbacks for the Venezuelan government, such as the defeat of the constitutional reform process in December 2007, are respected on the basis that they represent the voice of the Venezuelan people. The chapter also explores whether identification with the chavista phenomenon is a result of ignorance by distance or something more positive and aims to outline the drivers of Chávez's popularity among left-of-center and social-activist groups in Europe.

Keywords:   European progressives, Bolivarian social agenda, chavista phenomenon, progressive alignment, Chávez administration, social-activist groups

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