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Venezuela's Petro-DiplomacyHugo Chavez's Foreign Policy$
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Ralph S. Clem

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813035307

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813035307.001.0001

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Venezuela's Revolutionary Foreign Policy and Colombian Security

Venezuela's Revolutionary Foreign Policy and Colombian Security

(p.77) 5 Venezuela's Revolutionary Foreign Policy and Colombian Security
Venezuela's Petro-Diplomacy

Román D. Ortiz

University Press of Florida

This chapter discusses the reasons behind the deterioration of bilateral relations between Venezuela and Columbia. The deterioration of Colombian-Venezuelan relations was the result of the ideological clash between the political projects of the two countries' leaders. The unfolding crisis in Venezuelan-Colombian bilateral relations was considered to be a structural conflict exacerbated by Chávez's determination to extend his revolutionary project across the continent, causing a radical shift in the strategic equilibrium. The Bolivarian regime has maintained other cooperative schemes with friendly governments across the region, but is not experiencing its best moments. The victory of the “No” vote in the December 2007 referendum on turning Venezuela into a socialist state was Chávez's first defeat in nine consecutive elections. The governments of Venezuela and Colombia might have agreed on increasing bilateral trade or humanitarian accords, but the strategic objectives behind these goals were very different.

Keywords:   Venezuela, foreign policy, Colombian-Venezuelan relations, Bolivarian regime, strategic equilibrium, Chávez administration

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