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A History of the Catholic Church in the American South,
1513–1900$
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James M. Woods

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813035321

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813035321.001.0001

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The Carroll Era

The Carroll Era

Southern Catholics and the New American Republic, 1763–1815

Chapter:
(p.141) Five The Carroll Era
Source:
A History of the Catholic Church in the American South, 1513–1900
Author(s):

James M. Woods

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813035321.003.0005

In April 1776, four men approached the town of St. Johns in what is the now the Canadian province of Quebec. All four had been dispatched by the Second Continental Congress to lure French Canadians into joining the thirteen colonies in rebellion against the English Crown—France had, after all, long been an enemy of England. Benjamin Franklin, now age seventy, led the delegation, and he was probably the most celebrated American of that time. While the mission was a failure, it was the only one that John Carroll and Charles Carroll participated together in on behalf of the American Revolution; however, their activities greatly facilitated the freedom and Catholicism in the new nation, and that included the South. In particular, Charles Carroll's role was of great significance, as he was the only Roman Catholic to sign the Declaration of Independence, a signing that took place shortly after Carroll returned from Canada.

Keywords:   Quebec, Second Continental Congress, France, Benjamin Franklin, John Carroll, Charles Carroll, American Revolution, Catholicism, South, Canada

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