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From Sun Cities to the Villages
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From Sun Cities to the Villages: A History of Active Adult, Age-restricted Communities

Judith Ann Trolander


Youngtown, Arizona, opened in 1954 and was the first development community to have a minimum age requirement (then 65) and to ban underage children as permanent residents. Developer Del Webb unveiled Sun City six years later. Adjacent to Youngtown, it offered modest homes abutting a golf course. In the ensuing decades, active adult communities have proliferated, including Harold Schwartz's “The Villages” in central Florida, today the nation's single largest retirement community. For nearly 60 years, the success of these and similar communities have changed the image of retirees from frail, imp ... More

Keywords: Youngtown, Arizona, residents, Del Webb, Sun City, active adult communities, The Villages, Florida, retirement community, lifestyle, American dream, baby boomer, American life

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780813036045
Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011 DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813036045.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Judith Ann Trolander, author
University of Minnesota, Duluth