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Rethinking Anthropological Perspectives on Migration$
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Graciela S. Cabana and Jeffery J. Clark

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813036076

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813036076.001.0001

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Using Cognitive Semantics to Relate Mesa Verde Archaeology to Modern Pueblo Languages

Using Cognitive Semantics to Relate Mesa Verde Archaeology to Modern Pueblo Languages

Chapter:
(p.111) 6 Using Cognitive Semantics to Relate Mesa Verde Archaeology to Modern Pueblo Languages
Source:
Rethinking Anthropological Perspectives on Migration
Author(s):

Scott G. Ortman

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813036076.003.0007

This chapter proposes a new method for relating protolanguages to archaeological complexes based on the cognitive process known as conceptual metaphor. Material metaphors of the people who created archaeological complexes can be deciphered from patterns in material culture that conform to empirical generalizations on figurative speech in everyday language use. The metaphors of proto-languages can also be reconstructed through etymology, polysemy, and semantic change across cognates in a language family. As a result, archaeological complexes can be related to protolanguages using conceptual metaphors as the common currency. A case study that links Mesa Verde archaeology to the Tewa pueblo language is presented to illustrate the utility of this approach.

Keywords:   archaeology, linguistics, migration, conceptual metaphor, U.S. Southwest

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