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Transnational Politics in Central America$
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Luis Roniger

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813036632

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813036632.001.0001

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Transnational Illicit Markets and Criminality

Transnational Illicit Markets and Criminality

Chapter:
(p.139) 12 Transnational Illicit Markets and Criminality
Source:
Transnational Politics in Central America
Author(s):

Luis Roniger

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813036632.003.0013

The transition to democracy and the relative liberalization of society, previously regulated by authoritarian controls, created a background that could easily be misused by economic interests related to transnational illicit markets undermining the normative bases of society. Toward the end of the 1990s the transit routes of U.S.-destined drugs, primarily cocaine, shifted from the Caribbean islands to Central America and Mexico, mostly by maritime lines. This shift fed into a rise of criminality, violence, and public insecurity in the societies of the region, particularly in those of the so-called Northern Triangle, that is, Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador. The rising presence of criminal and transnational illicit networks has been recognized by individuals close to the reins of power.

Keywords:   relative liberalization, U.S.-destined drugs, cocaine, Caribbean islands, Central America, Mexico

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