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French Colonial Archaeology in the Southeast and Caribbean$
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Kenneth G. Kelly and Meredith D. Hardy

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813036809

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813036809.001.0001

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French Refugees and Slave Abuse in Frederick County, Maryland

French Refugees and Slave Abuse in Frederick County, Maryland

Jean Payen de Boisneuf and the Vincendière Family at L'Hermitage Plantation

(p.29) 3 French Refugees and Slave Abuse in Frederick County, Maryland
French Colonial Archaeology in the Southeast and Caribbean



University Press of Florida

This chapter discusses archaeological and historical research conducted to help Monocacy National Battlefield interpret a plantation on their property that was founded by refugees of the French Revolution and subsequent slave uprising in the French Caribbean colony of Saint-Domingue. Between 1789 and 1793, Jean Payen de Boisneuf, Marguerite Magnan de la Vincendière, and her children fled to Maryland and founded a plantation in Frederick County that they called L'Hermitage. These French refugees arrived in the area with deeply held religious and proprietary values that were in conflict with the predominantly German protestant population of the region. They owned an unusually high number of slaves, and the slave abuse they exercised was so extreme that criminal charges were filed. The history and archaeology of L'Hermitage reveals the conflicts that arose when one displaced French family moved to an area where their values and behaviour clashed with the local community.

Keywords:   French refugees, slave abuse, plantation, archaeology, Saint-Domingue, Frederick County, Maryland

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