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Seated by the SeaThe Maritime History of Portland, Maine, and Its Irish Longshoremen$
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Michael C. Connolly

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813037226

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813037226.001.0001

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Apex of the Union and Catholic Hierarchical Influence

Apex of the Union and Catholic Hierarchical Influence

(p.113) 5 Apex of the Union and Catholic Hierarchical Influence
Seated by the Sea

Michael C. Connolly

University Press of Florida

The vast majority of longshore laborers in Portland in the twentieth century were Irish and Catholic. As such, the Roman Catholic Church and the hierarchy in Portland would play a significant role in labor relations in the city. Bishops Healey, O'Connell, and Walsh, all Irish themselves, each insinuated himself and the authority of the church into labor relations in Portland and beyond. Of particular local interest is the confrontation between Bishop Healey and Terence V. Powderly, leader of the Knights of Labor. Also, the Longshore Strike of 1921 involved Bishop Walsh directly with the union. The rise of Nativism, and the Ku Klux Klan in particular, is addressed here.

Keywords:   James A. Healey, Knights of Labor, Terence V. Powderly, William H. O'Connell, Louis S. Walsh, Longshore Strike, Ku Klux Klan

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