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Beyond Forty Acres and a Mule: African American Landowning Families since Reconstruction

Debra Reid and Evan Bennett


Beyond Forty Acres and a Mule focuses on America's most-forgotten farmers: black families that cast their lot on their own land and depended on their own labor in a nation that doubted their right to control either. Rural African Americans have long been perceived as dependent tenants, sharecroppers, and agricultural laborers. This collection of essays indicates that one in four black farm families overcame numerous obstacles by 1920 to own farm land. It does this without diminishing the serious nature of the opposition that limited their right to property and independent decision making. Thes ... More

Keywords: black farmers, black landowners, agrarian, racism, kinship, small farms, citizenship

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780813039862
Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2012 DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813039862.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Debra Reid, editor

Evan Bennett, editor




Debra A. Reid

I Historiography and Philosophy

II Farm Acquisition and Retention

III Agrarianism and Black Politics

IV Farm Families at Work

V Legal Activism and Civil Rights Expansion

End Matter