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CuscoUrbanism and Archaeology in the Inka World$
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Ian Farrington

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813044330

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813044330.001.0001

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Archaeology and the Town

Archaeology and the Town

Chapter:
(p.77) 4 Archaeology and the Town
Source:
Cusco
Author(s):

Ian Farrington

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813044330.003.0004

This chapter discusses two approaches that have been successful in studying the mediaeval European townscape, town plan analysis and urban archaeology. These are appropriate for this study because Cusco has been occupied continually since its foundation and has been considerably altered as a result. Town plan analysis requires a sequence of urban plans and historical records over time to outline the changes to streets and plazas through encroachment and to street-blocks through property subdivision. Urban archaeology uses these results and specific methods to deal with the complex, highly disturbed stratigraphy so as to establish the occupational sequence for small areas of the town matrix. The ability to deal with assemblages of mixed deposits, as opposed to undisturbed layers in situ, is critical to resolving the nature of urban occupation, both on a small scale and across the city.

Keywords:   Townscape, Town plan analysis, Urban archaeology

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