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The Mulatto RepublicClass, Race, and Dominican National Identity$
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April J. Mayes

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049199

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049199.001.0001

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Debating Dominicanidad in the Nineteenth Century

Debating Dominicanidad in the Nineteenth Century

(p.15) 1 Debating Dominicanidad in the Nineteenth Century
The Mulatto Republic

April J. Mayes

University Press of Florida

This chapter argues that during the nineteenth century, three competing ideas about Dominicans as a nation emerged: indigenísmo, mulatismo, and Antillanismo. Although they shared a bucolic appreciation of Spanish colonialism and celebrated the legacies of Dominicans’ Hispanic heritage, they were not all white supremacist ideologies. In contrast to Manuel de Jesús Galván’s mulatismo, Pedro Francisco Bonó’s conceptualization of the Dominican nation as racially democratic, and Gregorio Luperón’s and Eugenio María de Hostos’s call to Antillean unity provided the basis for anti-racist nationalisms.

Keywords:   Dominicanidad, Manuel de Jesús Galván, Gregorio Luperón, Pedro Francisco Bonó, Eugenio María de Hostos, Sarah Loguen Fraser, Anténor Firmin, Frederick Douglass, Antillanismo

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