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The Mulatto RepublicClass, Race, and Dominican National Identity$
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April J. Mayes

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049199

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049199.001.0001

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Debating Dominicans’ Raceduring The U.S. Occupation

Debating Dominicans’ Raceduring The U.S. Occupation

(p.95) 5 Debating Dominicans’ Raceduring The U.S. Occupation
The Mulatto Republic

April J. Mayes

University Press of Florida

This chapter argues that the United States occupation of the island occasioned another debate about Dominicans’ race. The idea of racial warfare and theories about racial improvement animated these new debates. This chapter shows how U.S. officials’ concerns about stability in the post-occupation era prompted them to quash alternative theories of race and nation, particularly those presented by Afro-Antillean Garveyites. Meanwhile, Dominican, anti-occupation activists drew upon the tradition of Hispanicismo and elaborated an ideology of dominicanidad centered on Dominicans’ connection to the “Latin” race. Dominican activists crafted this perspective not only in reaction against U.S. occupation, but in the face of black mobilization from below.

Keywords:   Garveyism, UNIA, U.S. Occupation, Nationalism, Latinidad, Migration, Episcopal Church, World War I, Race, Racism

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