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Discovering FloridaFirst-Contact Narratives from Spanish Expeditions along the Lower Gulf Coast$
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Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049885

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049885.001.0001

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The Pedro Menéndez de Avilés Expeditions, 1566–1569

The Pedro Menéndez de Avilés Expeditions, 1566–1569

(p.222) 5 The Pedro Menéndez de Avilés Expeditions, 1566–1569
Discovering Florida

John E. Worth

University Press of Florida

This chapter describes the next phase of colonial exploration and contact along the lower gulf coast of Florida, which was the most intensive of the early Spanish era. This stage in Spanish exploration began with the 1566 arrival of the founder of the Florida colony, Pedro Menéndez de Avilés. This chapter provides a narrative account of the rescue of the captive Hernando de Escalante Fontaneda as well as the subsequent establishment of garrisoned forts in South Florida. These forts included Fort San Antón de Carlos at the Calusa capital, as well as additional forts at Tequesta and Tocobaga. Resident Jesuit missionaries were stationed in Carlos and Tequesta, consisting of a single missionary and an open-air chapel and lasting only about 14 months prior to its abandonment.

Keywords:   Hernando de Escalante Fontaneda, Florida, captivity, Spain, Juan Canelas

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