Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Path to the Greater, Freer, Truer WorldSouthern Civil Rights and Anticolonialism, 1937-1955$

Lindsey R. Swindall

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049922

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049922.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use (for details see http://www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 21 June 2018

(p.221) Sources Consulted

(p.221) Sources Consulted

Source:
The Path to the Greater, Freer, Truer World
Publisher:
University Press of Florida

Bibliography references:

Manuscript Collections

Claude A. Barnett Papers (Associated Negro Press), microfilm edition, Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, 1984.

Doxey Wilkerson Papers, Manuscripts, Archives, and Rare Books Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library, New York, NY.

Edward Strong Papers, Manuscript Division, MoorlandSpingarn Research Center, Howard University, Washington, DC.

George Marshall Papers, Manuscripts, Archives, and Rare Books Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library, New York, NY.

Hennig Cohen Papers, South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.

James E. Jackson and Esther Cooper Jackson Papers, Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Elmer Holmes Bobst Library, New York University, New York, NY.

John H. McCray Papers, microfilm edition, South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.

Lorraine Hansberry Papers, Manuscripts, Archives, and Rare Books Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library, New York, NY.

Louis Burnham Newspaper Collection, Manuscripts, Archives, and Rare Books Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library, New York, NY.

Louise Thompson Patterson Papers, Manuscript, Archive, and Rare Book Library, Woodruff Library, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.

Mary van Kleeck Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, MA.

(p.222) Matt N. and Evelyn Graves Crawford Papers, Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library, Woodruff Library, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.

Max Yergan Papers, Manuscript Division, MoorlandSpingarn Research Center, Howard University, Washington, DC.

Papers of the NAACP, microfilm edition, General Office Files and Youth Files.

Paul and Eslanda Robeson FBI File, Online edition in FBI Electronic Reading Room.

Paul Robeson Collection, microfilm edition, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library, New York, NY.

Paul Robeson Papers, Manuscript Division, MoorlandSpingarn Research Center, Howard University, Washington, DC.

The Reminiscences of William Jay Schieffelen (1949), Oral History Collection, Butler Library, Columbia University, New York, NY.

Southern Negro Youth Congress FBI Files, Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Elmer Holmes Bobst Library, New York University, New York,NY.

Southern Negro Youth Congress Forum, 6 February 1984, Oral History of the American Left: Radical Histories Collection, Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Elmer Holmes Bobst Library, New York University.

Southern Negro Youth Congress Papers, Manuscript Division, Moorland-Spin-garn Research Center, Howard University, Washington, DC.

W. A. Hunton Papers, microfilm edition, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library, New York, NY.

W.E.B. Du Bois Papers, microfilm edition, Special Collections and University Archives, W.E.B. Du Bois Library, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA.

Dissertations, Books, Other Published Materials

Anderson, Carol. Eyes Off the Prize: The United Nations and the African American Struggle for Human Rights, 1944–1955. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Anthony, David Henry. Max Yergan: Race Man, Internationalist, Cold Warrior. New York: New York University Press, 2006.

Aptheker, Herbert, ed. The Correspondence of W.E.B. Du Bois, Volume III: Selections 1944–1963. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1978.

Baker, Houston A. Turning South Again: Re-thinking Modernism/Re-reading Booker T. Durham: Duke University Press, 2001.

Balaji, Murali. The Professor and the Pupil: The Politics and Friendship of W.E.B. Du Bois and Paul Robeson. New York: Nation Books, 2007.

Baldwin, Kate. Beyond the Color Line and the Iron Curtain: Reading Encounters Between Black and Red 1922–1963. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002.

(p.223) “The Battle of Birmingham.” Birmingham, AL: Southern Negro Youth Congress, 1948.

Bell, Derrick. Silent Covenants: Brown v. Board of Education and the Unfulfilled Hopes for Racial Reform. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Biondi, Martha. To Stand and Fight: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Postwar New York. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2003.

Borstelmann, Thomas. The Cold War and the Color Line: American Race Relations in the Global Arena. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Boyle, Sheila Tully, and Andrew Bunie. Paul Robeson: The Years of Promise and Achievement. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 2001.

Brown, Lloyd. “Lift Every Voice for Paul Robeson.” New York: Freedom Associates, 1951.

Burnham, Louis. “Behind the Lynching of Emmett Louis Till.” New York: Freedom Associates, 1955.

———. “Smash the Chains.” New York: American Youth for Democracy, 1946.

Bynum, Thomas L. NAACP Youth and the Fight for Black Freedom, 1936–1965. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2013.

Carew, Joy Gleason. Blacks, Reds, and Russians: Sojourners in Search of the Soviet Promise. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2010.

Carmichael, Stokely. Stokely Speaks: Black Power to Pan-Africanism. New York: Random House, 1965.

Castledine, Jacqueline. Cold War Progressives: Women's Interracial Organizing for Peace and Freedom. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2012.

Cayton, Horace R., and George S. Mitchell. Black Workers and the New Unions. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1939.

Childress, Alice. Like One of the Family: Conversations from a Domestic's Life. Boston: Beacon, 1986.

Cobb, James C., and William Stueck, eds. Globalization and the American South. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2005.

Cohen, Robert. When the Old Left Was Young: Student Radicals and America's First Mass Student Movement, 1929–1941. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Commager, Henry Steele. Freedom, Loyalty, Dissent. New York: Oxford University Press, 1954.

Cooper Jackson, Esther. This Is My Husband: Fighter for His People, Political Refugee. Brooklyn, NY: National Committee to Defend Negro Leadership, 1953.

Cooper Jackson, Esther, with Constance Pohl, eds. Freedomways Reader: Prophets in Their Own Country. Boulder, CO: Westview, 2000.

Council on African Affairs. “Current Data Concerning Economic, Social, and Political Conditions in Certain African Colonial Territories.” New York: Council on African Affairs, 1950.

(p.224) ———. For a New Africa: Proceedings of Conference on Africa, April 14, 1944. New York: Council on African Affairs, 1944.

———. “For Freedom and Peace: Address by Paul Robeson.” New York: Council on African Affairs, 1949.

———. “The San Francisco Conference and the Colonial Issue.” New York: Council on African Affairs, 1945.

———. “Seeing is Believing: Here is the Truth about the Color Bar, Land, Hunger, Poverty and Degradation, the Pass System, Labor Exploitation, Racial Oppression in South Africa.” New York: Council on African Affairs, 1947.

Cruse, Harold. The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual from Its Origins to the Present. New York: William Morrow, 1967.

Dallek, Robert. The Lost Peace: Leadership in a Time of Horror and Hope, 1945–1953. New York: Harper Collins, 2010.

Davidson, Basil. The Black Man's Burden: Africa and the Curse of the Nation-State. New York: New York Times Books, 1992.

Denning, Michael. The Cultural Front: The Laboring of American Culture in the Twentieth Century. New York: Verso, 1996.

Dorinson, Joseph, and William Pencak, eds. Paul Robeson: Essays on His Life and Legacy. Jefferson, NC: MacFarland, 2002.

Draper, Theodore. American Communism and Soviet Russia. New York: Viking, 1960.

———. The Roots of American Communism. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1957.

Duberman, Martin B. Paul Robeson: A Biography. New York: Ballantine Books, 1989.

Du Bois, W.E.B. The Autobiography of W.E.B. Du Bois: A Soliloquy on Viewing My Life from the Last Decade of Its First Century. 7th ed. New York: International Publishers, 1968.

———. “Behold the Land.” Birmingham, AL: Southern Negro Youth Congress, 1946.

———. Black Reconstruction in America, 1860–1880. New York: Free Press, 1998.

———. Color and Democracy. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1945.

———. Dark Princess: A Romance. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1995.

———. Dusk of Dawn: An Essay toward an Autobiography of a Race Concept. 7th ed. New Brunswick: Transaction, 1997.

———. In Battle for Peace. New York: Masses and Mainstream, 1952.

———. The World and Africa. 8th ed. New York: International Publishers, 1972.

Dudziak, Mary. Cold War Civil Rights: Race and the Image of American Democracy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Elkins, Caroline. Imperial Reckoning: The Untold Story of Britain's Gulag in Kenya. New York: Holt, 2005.

(p.225) Esedebe, P. Olisanwuche. Pan-Africanism: The Idea and the Movement 1776–1991. 2nd ed. Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1994.

Farmer, James. Lay Bare the Heart: An Autobiography of the Civil Rights Movement. New York: Arbor House, 1985.

Foner, Philip, ed. Paul Robeson Speaks. New York: Brunner/Mazel, 1978. Reprint, New York: Citadel Books, 2002.

Foner, Philip, and Herbert Shapiro, eds. American Communism and Black Americans: A Documentary History, 1930–1934. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1991.

Freedom Archives. Paul Robeson: Words Like Freedom. San Francisco, 2008.

Freedomways. Paul Robeson: The Great Forerunner. New York: International Publishers, 1998.

Gaines, Kevin K. African Americans in Ghana: Black Expatriates and the Civil Rights Era. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.

Geiss, Imanuel. The Pan-African Movement: A History of Pan-Africanism in America, Europe and Africa. Translated by Ann Keep. New York: Africana Publishing, 1968.

Gellman, Erik S. Death Blow to Jim Crow: The National Negro Congress and the Rise of Militant Civil Rights. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2012.

Gilmore, Glenda Elizabeth. Defying Dixie: The Radical Roots of Civil Rights. New York: W. W. Norton, 2008.

Gore, Dayo F. Radicalism at the Crossroads: African American Women Activists in the Cold War. New York: New York University Press, 2011.

Gore, Dayo F., Jeanne Theoharris, and Komozi Woodard, eds. Want to Start a Revolution? Radical Women in the Black Freedom Struggle. New York: New York University Press, 2009.

Griffith, Barbara S. The Crisis of American Labor: Operation Dixie and the Defeat of the CIO. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1988.

Hansberry, Lorraine. Adapted by Robert Nemiroff. To Be Young, Gifted and Black: An Informal Autobiography of Lorraine Hansberry. New York: Signet Books, 1970.

Haywood, Harry. Black Bolshevik: Autobiography of an Afro-American Communist. Chicago: Liberator, 1978.

———. Negro Liberation. New York: International Publishers, 1948.

Heard, Alex. The Eyes of Willie McGee: A Tragedy of Race, Sex, and Secrets in the Jim Crow South. New York: Harper, 2010.

“History of the American Negro People.” 2nd ed. New York: Worker's Bookshop, 1941.

(p.226) Holsaert, Faith S., Martha Prescod Norman Noonan, Judy Richardson, Betty Garman Robinson, Jean Smith Young, and Dorothy M. Zellner, eds., Hands on the Freedom Plow: Personal Accounts by Women in SNCC. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2010.

Hooker, James R. Black Revolutionary: George Padmore's Path from Communism to Pan-Africanism. New York: Praeger, 1967.

Horne, Gerald. Black and Red: W.E.B. Du Bois and the Afro-American Response to the Cold War 1944–1963. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1986.

———. Communist Front? The Civil Rights Congress, 1946–1956. Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Presses, 1988.

———. Race Woman: The Lives of Shirley Graham Du Bois. New York: New York University Press, 2000.

———. Red Seas: Ferdinand Smith and Radical Black Sailors in the United States and Jamaica. New York: New York University Press, 2005.

Hughes, Cicero Alvin. “Toward a Black United Front: The National Negro Congress.” PhD diss., Ohio University, 1982.

Hughes, Langston. I Wonder As I Wander. New York: Hill and Wang, 1993.

Hunton, Dorothy. Alphaeus Hunton: The Unsung Valiant. Privately published, 1986.

Hunton, W. Alphaeus. “Africa Fights for Freedom.” New York: New Century, 1950.

———. Decision in Africa. New York: International Publishers, 1957.

———.”Resistance against Fascist Enslavement in South Africa.” New York: New Century, 1953.

———. ”Stop South Africa's Crimes.” New York: Council on African Affairs, 1946.

Isserman, Maurice. Which Side Were You On? The American Communist Party during the Second World War. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1982.

Jackson, James E. “Mission to Mobile: An Investigation of Race Relations in the Shipyards of the Alabama Dry Dock and Shipbuilding Company.” Birmingham, AL: Southern Negro Youth Congress, 1942.

———. ”Our Battle for the Ballot.” Birmingham, AL: Southern Negro Youth Congress, 1940.

James, C.L.R. A History of Pan-African Revolt. Washington, DC: Drum and Spear, 1969.

Kelley, Robin D. G. Freedom Dreams: The Black Radical Imagination. Boston: Beacon, 2002.

———. Hammer and Hoe: Alabama Communists during the Great Depression. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1990.

Klehr, Harvey, and John Earl Haynes. The American Communist Movement: Storming Heaven Itself. New York: Twayne, 1992.

Korstad, Robert Rodgers. Civil Rights Unionism: Tobacco Workers and the Struggle for Democracy in the Mid-Twentieth-Century South. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.

(p.227) Lamphere, Lawrence. “Paul Robeson, Freedom Newspaper, and the Black Press.” PhD diss., Boston College, 2003.

Layton, Azza Salama. International Politics and Civil Rights in the United States, 1941–1960. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Lewis, David L. W.E.B. Du Bois: Biography of a Race, 1868–1919. New York: Henry Holt, 1993.

———. W.E.B. Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and the American Century, 1919–1963. New York: Henry Holt, 2000.

———, ed. W.E.B. Du Bois: A Reader. New York: Henry Holt, 1995.

Lewis, David L., Michael H. Nash, and Daniel J. Leab, eds. Red Activists and Black Freedom: James and Esther Jackson and the Long Civil Rights Revolution. New York: Routledge, 2010.

Lichtenstein, Nelson. Labor's War at Home: The CIO in World War II. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Lieberman, Robbie, and Clarence Lang, eds. Anticommunism and the African American Freedom Movement. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Lipsitz, George. Class and Culture in Cold War America: “A Rainbow at Midnight.” New York: Praeger, 1981.

Logan, Rayford W., ed. What the Negro Wants. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1944.

Lynch, Hollis R. Black American Radicals and the Liberation of Africa: The Council on African Affairs, 1937–1955. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Africana Studies Research Center, 1978.

McWhorter, Diane. Carry Me Home: Birmingham, Alabama, the Climactic Battle of the Civil Rights Revolution. New York: Touchstone Books, 2001.

Meriwether, James H. Proudly We Can Be Africans: Black Americans and Africa, 1935–1961. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.

Mulzac, Hugh. A Star to Steer By. New York: International Publishers, 1963.

Myrdal, Gunnar. An American Dilemma. New York: Harper and Row, 1944. Reprint, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964.

Naison, Mark. Communists in Harlem during the Depression. New York: Grove, 1983.

Naxos Audio Books. Voices of Black America: Historical Recordings of Poetry, Humor, and Drama, 1908–1947. Franklin, TN: Naxos Audio Books, 2002.

Nelson, Claire Nee. “Louise Thompson Patterson and the Southern Roots of the Popular Front.” In Women Shaping the South: Creating and Confronting Change. Edited by Angela Boswell and Judith N. McArthur. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2006.

Nesbitt, Francis Njubi. Race for Sanctions: African Americans against Apartheid, 1946–1994. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2004.

(p.228) New York State Communist Party. “The Negro Question: Outline and Study Guide.” New York: New York State Communist Party, 1949.

Nkrumah, Kwame. The Autobiography of Kwame Nkrumah. 2nd ed. New York: International Publishers, 1972.

O'Reilly, Kenneth. Black Americans: The F.B.I. Files. New York: Carroll and Graf, 1994.

———. Hoover and the Un-Americans. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1983.

———. Racial Matters. New York: Free Press, 1989.

Ottanelli, Fraser M. The Communist Party of the United States from the Depression to World War II. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1991.

Padmore, George. Africa and World Peace. 1937. 2nd ed. London: Frank Cass, 1972.

———. Pan-Africanism or Communism? New York: Doubleday, 1971.

Painter, Nell Irvin. The Narrative of Hosea Hudson: His Life as a Negro Communist. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1979.

Patterson, William. We Charge Genocide: The Crime of Government against the Negro People. 2nd ed. New York: International Publishers, 1970.

———. The Man Who Cried Genocide. New York: International Publishers, 1971.

Perucci, Anthony Thomas. “Tonal Treason: Paul Robeson and the Politics of the Cold War.” PhD diss., New York University, 2004.

Perucci, Tony. Paul Robeson and the Cold War Performance Complex: Race, Madness, Activism. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2012.

Plummer, Brenda Gayle. Rising Wind: Black Americans and U.S. Foreign Affairs 1935–1960. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

Rampersand, Arnold, ed. The Collected Poems of Langston Hughes. New York: Vintage Books, 1994.

Ransby, Barbara. Eslanda: The Large and Unconventional Life of Mrs. Paul Robeson. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013.

Record, Wilson. The Negro and the Communist Party. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1951.

Richards, Johnetta G. “The Southern Negro Youth Congress: A History.” PhD diss., University of Cincinnati, 1987.

Ring, Natalie J. The Problem South: Region, Empire, and the New Liberal State, 1880–1930. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2012.

Rise, Eric W. The Martinsville Seven: Race, Rape, and Capital Punishment. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1995.

Robeson, Eslanda. African Journey. New York: John Day, 1945.

———. Paul Robeson, Negro. New York: Harper, 1930.

———. “What do the People of Africa Want?” New York: Council on African Affairs, 1945.

(p.229) Robeson, Paul. Here I Stand. Boston: Beacon, 1988.

———. “The Negro People and the Soviet Union.” New York: New Century, 1950.

Robeson, Paul, Jr. The Undiscovered Paul Robeson: An Artist's Journey, 1898–1939. New York: John Wiley, 2001.

———. The Undiscovered Paul Robeson: Quest for Freedom, 1939–1976. New York: John Wiley, 2010.

Robeson, Susan. The Whole World in His Hands: A Pictorial Biography of Paul Robeson. Secaucus, NJ: Citadel, 1981.

Robinson, Cedric J. Black Marxism: The Making of the Black Radical Tradition. London: Zed, 1983.

Robinson, Jackie, with Alfred Duckett. I Never Had It Made. New York: G. P. Putnam, 1972.

Robinson, Randall. Defending the Spirit: A Black Life in America. New York: Plume, 1998.

Rolinson, Mary G. Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920–1927. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007.

Roman, Meredith L. Opposing Jim Crow: African Americans and the Soviet Indictment of U.S. Racism, 1928–1937. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2012.

Rosenman, Samuel I. The Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D. Roosevelt. Vol. 10. New York: Harper, 1950.

Rosswurm, Steve, ed. The CIO's Left-Led Unions. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1992.

Saunders, Francis Stonor. The Cultural Cold War: The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters. New York: The New Press, 1999.

Scales, Junius Irving, and Richard Nickson. Cause at Heart: A Former Communist Remembers. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1987.

Self, Robert O. American Babylon: Race and the Struggle for Postwar Oakland. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003.

Sherwood, Marika. Claudia Jones: A Life in Exile. London: Lawrence and Wishart Limited, 1999.

Singh, Nikhil Pal. Black Is a Country: Race and the Unfinished Struggle for Democracy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004.

———, ed. Climbin’ Jacob's Ladder: The Black Freedom Movement Writings of Jack O'Dell. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010.

Smethurst, James Edward. The Black Arts Movement: Literary Nationalism in the 1960s and 1970s. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005.

Smith, Jon, and Deborah Cohn, eds. Look Away: The U.S. South in New World Studies. Durham: Duke University Press, 2004.

(p.230) Smith, Judith E. Visions of Belonging: Family Stories, Popular Culture, and Postwar Democracy, 1940–1960. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.

Solomon, Mark. The Cry Was Unity: Communists and African Americans, 1917–1936. Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, 1998.

Stephens, Michelle Ann. Black Empire: The Masculine Global Imaginary of Caribbean Intellectuals in the United States, 1914–1962. Durham: Duke University Press, 2005.

Stewart, Jeffrey C., ed. Paul Robeson: Artist and Citizen. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1998.

Storrs, Landon. The Second Red Scare and the Unmaking of the New Deal Left. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2012.

Streater, John Baxter. “The National Negro Congress: 1936–1947.” PhD diss., University of Cincinnati, 1981.

Sugrue, Thomas J. Sweet Land of Liberty: The Forgotten Struggle for Civil Rights in the North. New York: Random House, 2008.

Swindall, Lindsey R. The Politics of Paul Robeson's Othello. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2011.

Theoharris, Jeanne, and Komozi Woodard, eds. Freedom North: Black Freedom Struggles Outside the South, 1940–1980. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

———, eds. Groundwork: Local Black Freedom Movements in America. New York: New York University Press, 2005.

Voices of Black America: Historical Recordings of Poetry, Humor and Drama, 1908–1947. Franklin, TN: Naxos Audio Books, 2002.

Von Eschen, Penny M. Race against Empire: Black Americans and Anticolonialism, 1937–1957. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1997.

Wald, Alan M. Trinity of Passion: The Literary Left and the Antifascist Crusade. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007.

Walters, Ron W. Pan Africanism in the African Diaspora. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1993.

Washburn, Patrick S. The African American Newspaper: Voice of Freedom. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 2006.

Washington, Mary Helen. “Alice Childress, Lorraine Hansberry, and Claudia Jones: Black Women Write the Popular Front.” In Left of the Color Line: Race, Radicalism and Twentieth-Century Literature of the United States. Edited by Bill V. Mullen and James Smethurst. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.

Weigand, Kate. Red Feminism: American Communism and the Making of Women's Liberation. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.

Welch, Rebeccah. “Black Art and Activism in Postwar New York 1950–1965.” PhD diss., New York University, 2002.

(p.231) Westad, Odd Arne. The Global Cold War: Third World Interventions and the Making of Our Times. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Woods, Jeff. Black Struggle, Red Scare: Segregation and Anti-Communism in the South 1948–1968. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2004.

Wright, Richard. Black Power. New York: Harper Perennial, 1995.

———. The Color Curtain: A Report of the Bandung Conference. New York: World Publishing, 1956. Reprint, Jackson, MS: Banner Books, 1994.

Yergan, Max. “Africa in the War.” New York: Council on African Affairs, 1942.

———. “America's Stake in Colonial Freedom.” In Trust and Non Self Governing Territories, Papers and Proceedings of the Tenth Annual Conference of the Division of Social Sciences, the Graduate School, Howard University. Edited by Merze Tate. Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1948.

———. “The Communist Threat in Africa.” In Africa Today. Edited by Charles Grove Haines. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1955.

———. “Democracy and the Negro People Today.” Washington, DC: National Negro Congress, 1940.

———. “Gold and Poverty in South Africa.” New York: International Industrial Relations Institute, 1938.

———. “A Petition to the United Nations on Behalf of 13 Million Oppressed Negro Citizens of the United States.” New York: National Negro Congress, 1946.

Yergan, Max, and Paul Robeson. “The Negro and Justice.” New York: The Citizens’ Committee to Free Earl Browder, 1941.

Zieger, Robert H., ed. Life and Labor in the New New South. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2012.

Zinn, Howard. A People's History of the United States, 1492–Present. New York: Harper Collins, 2003. (p.232)