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Constructing HistoriesArchaic Freshwater Shell Mounds and Social Landscapes of the St. Johns River, Florida$

Asa R. Randall

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813061016

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813061016.001.0001

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(p.259) Appendix

(p.259) Appendix

Mount Taylor– and select Orange–period radiocarbon assays from shell sites on the middle St. Johns River, Florida

Source:
Constructing Histories
Author(s):

Asa R. Randal

Publisher:
University Press of Florida

(p.260)

Mount Taylor– and select Orange–period radiocarbon assays from shell sites on the middle St. Johns River, Florida

Site/Lab number

Perioda

Provenience

Context

Material

Conventional age BP

δ‎l3CPDB

2σ‎ cal BP

Reference

8LA1-E, MOUTH OF SILVER GLEN RUN

BETA-166671

OR

Vessel 12

Surface collection

Soot

3680 ± 60

–25.8

4230–3840

Sassaman (2003b)

BETA–166672

OR

Vessel 6

Surface collection

Soot

4020 ± 60

–25.2

4810–4290

Sassaman (2003b)

BETA–166673

OR

Vessel 27

Surface collection

Soot

4070 ± 40

–24.4

4810–4430

Sassaman (2003b)

BETA–255903

OR

Feature 1

Basal pit

Charcoal

3600 ± 40

–25.8

4080–3730

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

8LA1W, LOCUS A

BETA–236137

MT

TU 5E, Str. XXII

Near–basal bivalve lens

Charcoal

5290 ± 40

–24.7

6190–5940

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

BETA–248527

MT

TU 10A, Str. XIIIa

Crushed shell and sand

Charcoal

5400 ± 40

–24.5

6300–6010

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

BETA–248528

MT

TU 10A, Str. VII

Whole shell

Charcoal

5150 ± 50

–25.4

6000–5740

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

BETA–298847

MT

TU 5, Str. VI

Shell and charcoal lens

Charcoal

5320 ± 30

–25.0

6200–5990

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

BETA–298848

MT

TU 8, Str. XXI

Crushed, burned shell surface

Charcoal

5280 ± 40

–25.2

6190–5930

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

BETA–298849

MT

TU 10A, Str. V

Whole, crushed shell

Charcoal

5130 ± 40

–24.7

5990–5740

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

BETA–299734

MT

Feature 6

Shell–filled pit

Charcoal

5290 ± 40

–25.0

6190–5940

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

8LA1W, LOCUS B

BETA–255904

OR

Feature 15

Shell–filled pit

Charcoal

3830 ± 40

–24.3

4410–4090

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

BETA–264442

OR

Feature 33

Shell–filled pit

Charcoal

3740 ± 40

–24.1

4240–3970

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

BETA–264443

OR

Feature 36b

Shell–filled pit

Charcoal

3590 ± 40

–23.9

4070–3720

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

BETA–264444

OR

Feature 37

Shell–filled pit

Charcoal

3640 ± 40

–24.1

4090–3850

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

BETA–264445

OR

Feature 38b

Shell–filled pit

Charcoal

3670 ± 40

–25.1

4150–3880

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

BETA–264446

OR

Feature 38m

Shell–filled pit

Charcoal

3590 ± 40

–25.0

4070–3720

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

BETA–285041

MT

Feature 48

Shell–filled pit

Charcoal

4230 ± 40

–25.4

4870–4620

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

BETA–285042

MT

Feature 50

Shell–filled pit

Charcoal

4180 ± 40

–24.8

4840–4570

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

BETA–285043

OR

Feature 54

Shell–filled pit

Charcoal

3680 ± 40

–25.9

4150–3890

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

BETA–285045

MT

TU 46, Str. VIa

Crushed shell surface

Charcoal

4490 ± 40

–24.9

5300–4970

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

BETA–285046

MT

TU 46, Str. XIa

Crushed shell surface

Charcoal

4950 ± 40

–24.4

5850–5590

Sassaman et al. (2011a)

8LA28, MOSQUITO GROVE

BETA–166674

OR

Vessel 2

Soot on Orange Incised sherd

Soot

3610 ± 40

–24.6

4080–3820

Sassaman (2003b)

8LA88B, BOWERS BLUFF 2

1–563

MT

33–inch Level

Black sand, charcoal, and cemented shells

Charcoal

4725 ± 180

n.a.b

5900–4960

Bullen and Bryant (1965)

8MR123, SILVER GLEN SPRINGS

BETA–38182

MT

FSU–TU 2, Level 7

Shell ridge

Charcoal

5620 ± 260

n.a.

7160–5890

Marrinan et al. (1990)

BETA–38183

MT

FSU–TU 2, Level 13

Shell ridge

Charcoal

4640 ± 140

n.a.

5650–4880

Marrinan et al. (1990)

BETA–38184

MT

Morgan House Unit, Level 29

Shell ridge

Charcoal

4320 ± 90

n.a.

5290–4620

Marrinan et al. (1990)

BETA–38186

MT

Morgan House Unit, Level 6

Shell ridge

Charcoal

4470 ± 100

n.a.

5450–4840

Marrinan et al. (1990)

BETA–295210

MT

TU 2, Str. III–B

Shell above mortuary

Charcoal

4730 ± 40

–25.4

5590–5320

Randall et al. (2011)

BETA–296262

MT

TU 2, Str. IV–A

Mortuary sand deposit

Charcoal

4950 ± 40

–25.5

5850–5590

Randall et al. (2011)

BETA–296263

MT

Feature 1

Pit in mortuary deposit

Nut shell

5850 ± 40

–23.0

6780–6550

Randall et al. (2011)

BETA–297934

MT

Bucket Auger 7–3

Near–basal surface

Nut shell

4730 ± 40

–25.5

5590–5320

Randall et al. (2011)

BETA–297935

MT

Bucket Auger 8–6

Near–basal surface

Nut shell

4240 ± 40

–26.8

4870–4620

Randall et al. (2011)

BETA–295208

OR?

TU 1, Str. V

Shell exposure east of spring pool, no Orange pottery in association

Charcoal

3810 ± 40

n.a.

4410–4080

Randall et al. (2011)

BETA–297933

OR?

Bucket Auger 4–1

Base of shell deposit east of spring pool, no Orange pottery in association

Uncarbonized Seed

3940 ± 40

–21.2

4520–4240

Randall et al. (2011)

8MR2322, SALT SPRINGS

BETA–264447

MT

TU 3, Str. IB

Shell–bearing near shore deposit

Nut shell

5460 ± 50

–25.7

6400–6120

O’Donoughue et al. (2011)

BETA–264448

MT

TU 7, Str. IA

Shell–bearing near shore deposit

Nut shell

5130 ± 50

–25.7

5990–5740

O’Donoughue et al. (2011)

BETA–264449

MT

TU 1, Str. II

Shell–free near shore deposit

Nut shell

5710 ± 50

–26.5

6640–6400

O’Donoughue et al. (2011)

BETA–264450

MT

TU 5, Str. IA

Shell–bearing near shore deposit

Nut shell

5150 ± 50

–26.3

6000–5740

O’Donoughue et al. (2011)

BETA–264451

MT

TU 5, Str. IB

Shell–bearing near shore deposit

Nut shell

5230 ± 50

–25.3

6180–5900

O’Donoughue et al. (2011)

BETA–264452

MT

TU 5, Str. II

Shell–free near shore deposit

Nut shell

5610 ± 50

–27.8

6490–6300

O’Donoughue et al. (2011)

BETA–279611

MT

Core 1, Str. IB

Shell–bearing near shore deposit

Charcoal

5300 ± 40

–25.6

6210–5940

O’Donoughue et al. (2011)

8V02601, GROVES’ ORANGE MIDDEN

BETA–59801

MT

Str. IV, Level 11

Lower shell deposit

Nut shell

5100 ± 70

n.a.

5990–5660

McGee and Wheeler (1994)

BETA–59802

MT

Str. IV, Level 14 (1992)

Lower shell deposit

Nut shell

5160 ± 80

n.a.

6180–5720

McGee and Wheeler (1994)

BETA–59803

MT

Str. IV, Level 19

Lower shell deposit

Nut shell

5580 ± 80

n.a.

6560–6210

McGee and Wheeler (1994)

BETA–59804

MT

Str. IV, Level 21

Lower shell deposit

Nut shell

5930 ± 80

n.a.

6970–6550

McGee and Wheeler (1994)

BETA–65859

MT

Str. IV, Level 10

Lower shell deposit

Charcoal

4810 ± 70

n.a.

5670–5320

McGee and Wheeler (1994)

BETA–65860

MT

Str. IV, Level 14 (1993)

Lower shell deposit

Nut shell

4930 ± 80

n.a.

5900–5480

McGee and Wheeler (1994)

BETA–65861

MT

Str. V, Level 22

Offshore facies

Nut shell

6210 ± 60

n.a.

7260–6960

McGee and Wheeler (1994)

BETA–65862

MT

Str. IV, Level 16

Lower shell deposit

Nut shell

5040 ± 60

n.a.

5920–5650

McGee and Wheeler (1994)

BETA–65863

MT

Str. V, Level 20

Offshore facies

Nut shell

6200 ± 70

n.a.

7270–6930

McGee and Wheeler (1994)

BETA–65864

MT

Str. II, Level 13

Upper shell deposit

Nut shell

4190 ± 60

n.a.

4860–4530

McGee and Wheeler (1994)

BETA–65865

MT

Str. II, Level 7

Upper shell deposit

Nut shell

4080 ± 60

n.a.

4820–4420

McGee and Wheeler (1994)

8V0202, HONTOON ISLAND NORTH

BETA–241924

MT

TU 3, Str. V–C

Mounded shell

Charcoal

4510 ± 40

–20.7

5310–5040

Randall (2010)

BETA–244049

MT

TU 3, Str. IX–A

Primary midden

Charcoal

4490 ± 40

–25.6

5300–4970

Randall (2010)

BETA–244050

MT

TU 1, Str. V–B

Secondary midden, surface on which shell was mounded

Charcoal

4450 ± 40

–23.9

5290–4880

Randall (2010)

BETA–255905

MT

TU 1, Str. VII–D

Secondary midden, possible base

Charcoal

4430 ± 40

–28.1

5280–4870

Randall (2010)

8V0214, HONTOON DEAD CREEK MOUND

BETA–202281

MT

Auger 1

Near shore shell deposit

Nut shell

6040 ± 70

–26.4

7160–6730

Randall and Sassaman (2005)

BETA–244051

MT

TU 5, Str. XXII

Burned shell lens on top of mound stage 2

Nut shell

6110 ± 40

–24.6

7160–6890

Sassaman and Randall (2012b)

BETA–255906

MT

TU 5, Str. XII

Burned Viviparus and bivalve lens

Charcoal

6140 ± 50

–22.0

7170–6890

Sassaman and Randall (2012b)

BETA–255907

MT

TU 5, Str. V

Burned bivalve lens

Charcoal

5910 ± 50

–24.3

6890–6630

Sassaman and Randall (2012b)

BETA–274192

MT

Core 2, Str. IV

Organic horizon with shell and charcoal

Charcoal

6460 ± 50

–25.1

7460–7270

Sassaman and Randall (2012b)

8V0215, HONTOON DEAD CREEK VILLAGE

BETA–217769

MT

TU 2, Level B

Shell field surface (Node 2)

Busycon shell

5950 ± 60

–7.9

6410–6110

Randall (2007)

BETA–219933

MT

TU 3, Base

Base of shell field (Node 1)

Charcoal

6280 ± 40

–27.6

7310–7020

Randall (2007)

BETA–244052

OR

Feature 2

Shell–filled pit (Node 3)

Charcoal

3700 ± 40

–27.0

4160–3920

Randall (2010)

8V023, BLUFFTON BURIAL MOUND

AA–X9108A

MT

Burial 3

Burial 3, basal burial

Human Bone

4800 ± 60

–16.7

5660–5320

Randall and Tucker (2012)

8V024, HARRIS CREEK

AZ–8V024–3

MT

Layer 4, Burial 3

Mortuary B, Layer 4

Human Bone

5900 ± 60

–16.1

6890–6560

Tucker (2009)

AZ–8V024–31

MT

Layer 3, Burial 31

Mortuary A, Layer 3

Human Bone

6050 ± 70

–16.2

7160–6740

Tucker (2009)

AZ–8V024–7

MT

Layer 3, Burial 7

Mortuary A, Layer 3

Human Bone

6130 ± 80

–17.8

7250–6790

Tucker (2009)

AZ–8V024–9

MT

Layer 4, Burial 9

Mortuary B, Layer 4

Human Bone

5830 ± 60

–17.6

6790–6490

Tucker (2009)

BETA–166676

OR

Vessel 1

Soot on fiber–tempered pottery

Soot

3740 ± 40

–24.4

4240–3970

Sassaman (2003b)

BETA–166677

OR

Vessel 252–1

Soot on fiber–tempered pottery

Soot

3930 ± 40

–24.1

4520–4240

Sassaman (2003b)

BETA–16675

OR

Vessel 21

Soot on fiber–tempered pottery

Soot

3630 ± 40

–23.3

4090–3840

Sassaman (2003b)

M–1264

MT

Layer 3, Base

Mortuary A, Layer 3 base

Charcoal

5450 ± 303

n.a.

6950–5590

Jahn and Bullen (1978), Aten (1999)

M–1265

MT

Layer 8

Layer 8, above mortuary

Charcoal

5320 ± 204

n.a.

6530–5610

Jahn and Bullen (1978), Aten (1999)

M–1268

MT

Layer 3, Burial 12

Mortuary A, Burial 12, Layer A

Charcoal

5450 ± 184

n.a.

6670–5760

Jahn and Bullen (1978), Aten (1999)

M–1270

MT

Layer 7 or 8

Layer 7 or 8, above mortuary

Busycon shell

5430 ± 200

n.a.

6180–5270

Jahn and Bullen (1978), Aten (1999)

8V041, LIVE OAK MOUND

BETA–164961

MT

LP 1A, Str. XIII

Near–basal concreted Viviparus and bivalve

Charcoal

6260 ± 50

–24.9

7290–7000

Sassaman (2003)

BETA–270208

MT

LP 71, Str. X

Whole shell

Charcoal

6210 ± 50

–24.2

7260–6980

Sassaman and Randall (2012b)

BETA–270209

MT

LP 71, Str. XVII

Low density shell

Charcoal

6210 ± 50

–27.0

7260–6980

Sassaman and Randall (2012b)

BETA–274191

MT

LP 71, Str. IV

Whole shell

Charcoal

6110 ± 50

–26.4

7170–6850

Sassaman and Randall (2012b)

804V3, BLUE SPRING MIDDEN B

BETA–145692

OR

Feature 7

Circular pit, 36 cm deep, extending into basal sand

Charcoal

3780 ± 50

–25.4

4390–3980

Sassaman (2003b)

BETA–145693

MT

TU 1, Level M (Str. IV)

Shell midden with apple snail

Charcoal

4360 ± 120

–24.9

5320–4610

Sassaman (2003b)

BETA–145694

OR

TU 2, Level E

Lens of charcoal–rich fine sand in house floors?

Nut shell

3510 ± 70

–24.9

3980–3610

Sassaman (2003b)

BETA–145695

OR

TU 2, Level K

Shell and sand

Charcoal

3730 ± 40

–24.3

4230–3930

Sassaman (2003b)

BETA–164963

MT

TU 5, 140–150 CMBS

Mostly shell–free, beneath shell deposit

Charcoal

4210 ± 50

–25.3

4860–4580

Sassaman (2003b)

8V053, LAKE MONROE OUTLET MIDDEN

BETA–146748

MT

TU A, Level 9

Less dense midden

Charcoal

4660 ± 110

n.a.

5610–4980

ACI (2001)

BETA–146749

MT

TU A, Level 13

Submidden

Charcoal

5090 ± 80

n.a.

6000–5640

ACI (2001)

BETA–146751

MT

TU A, Level 14

Sub–midden

Charcoal

4710 ± 40

n.a.

5590–5320

ACI (2001)

BETA–146752

MT

TU A, Level 19

Sub–midden

Charcoal

4640 ± 50

n.a.

5580–5080

ACI (2001)

BETA–146753

MT

TU C, Level 9

Apple snail zone

Charcoal

4760 ± 40

n.a.

5590–5320

ACI (2001)

BETA–146756

MT

TU C, Level 15

Mussel shell zone

Charcoal

4780 ± 40

n.a.

5600–5330

ACI (2001)

8V058–60, THORNHILL LAKE

BETA–231047

MT

Mound A, Auger 106–114 CM

Top of basal shell beneath Mound A

Charcoal

4170 ± 50

–22.8

4840–4550

Endonino (2008)

BETA–231048

MT

Mound B, Str. VI, Level 3

Shell beneath Mound B

Charcoal

4970 ± 40

–26.0

5880–5600

Endonino (2008)

BETA–231049

MT

TU F, Feature 7

Possible mounding event within Southern Ridge

Charcoal

4950 ± 90

–25.1

5910–5480

Endonino (2008)

BETA–231050

MT

TU J, Str. Va, Level 1

Near–basal shell, North Ridge

Charcoal

5170 ± 40

–24.3

6000–5750

Endonino (2008)

BETA–231051

MT

TU J, Str. VI, Level 2

Basal surface, North Ridge

Charcoal

5420 ± 40

–26.5

6310–6020

Endonino (2008)

BETA–231052

MT

TU H, Feature 2, Level 2

Southern Ridge

Charcoal

5190 ± 40

–22.7

6180–5770

Endonino (2008)

BETA–231053

MT

TU H, Str. IV, Level 1

Southern Ridge

Charcoal

5130 ± 40

–24.4

5990–5740

Endonino (2010)

BETA–231054

MT

TU I, Str. V, Level 2

Southern Ridge

Charcoal

4430 ± 40

–26.1

5280–4870

Endonino (2010)

BETA–271085

MT

TU L, Str. III, Level 2

East Ridge

Charcoal

5060 ± 40

–25.3

5920–5710

Endonino (2010)

BETA–271086

MT

TU L, Str. IV, Level 4

East Ridge

Charcoal

5420 ± 40

–25.3

6310–6020

Endonino (2010)

(a) MT = Mount Taylor period; OR = Orange period.

(b) The abbreviation n.a. indicates the value is not available. (p.266)

(p.261) (p.262) (p.263) (p.264) (p.265)