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Bioarchaeology of Classical KamarinaLife and Death in Greek Sicily$

Carrie L. Sulosky Weaver

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813061122

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813061122.001.0001

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(p.231) Glossary

(p.231) Glossary

Source:
Bioarchaeology of Classical Kamarina
Publisher:
University Press of Florida

  • a cappuccina, (pl.)

    a cappuccine: a burial container constructed of roof tiles

  • agora, (pl.)

    agorai: the central gathering place in an ancient Greek city; it was the center of the athletic, artistic, spiritual, and political life of the city

  • akontist:

    a javelin thrower

  • alabastron, (pl.)

    alabastra: a handleless long-bodied vessel with a flat-disk mouth and a rounded bottom; used for holding oil

  • ambitus, (pl.)

    ambitus: an alley in an ancient Greek city

  • amphora, (pl.)

    amphorai: a tall, two-handled pot with a neck that is significantly narrower than its body; primarily used for transporting and storing wine and oil

  • amphoriskos, (pl.)

    amphoriskoi: a diminutive amphora used for holding oil

  • ampulla, (pl.)

    ampullae: a small oil flask or bottle with a globular body, narrow neck, and two handles

  • apotropaic:

    supposedly having the power to avert evil influences or bad luck

  • aryballos, (pl.)

    aryballoi: an oil-related vessel, often associated with athletes and bathers, that varies greatly in size and shape; a typical example stands 7 to 8 cm tall, has a rounded body, a bell-shaped mouth, and either a flat or rounded bottom; it can be one-handled, two-handled, or without handles

  • askos, (pl.)

    askoi: an oil-related vessel that is wider than it is tall

  • cella, (pl.)

    cellae: the inner room or sanctuary of an ancient Greek temple that housed the cult statue of the god to whom the temple was dedicated

  • chora, (pl.)

    chorai: rural territory of the an ancient Greek polis that lay outside the city proper

  • chous, (pl.)

    choës: a pouring vessel with a plump shape, smooth profile, and trefoil mouth; miniature versions are often associated with children

  • chytra, (pl.)

    chytrai: a cooking pot that is deep and often globular; resembles a modern stewpot

  • (p.232) cippus, (pl.)

    cippi: a small stone pillar, either square or round, that often bears an inscription and is used as a marker for graves, boundaries, distances, etc.

  • eidolon, (pl.)

    eidola: a phantom human image sometimes described as a shade or shadow

  • ekphora:

    the procession in an ancient Greek funeral

  • enchytrismos, (pl.)

    enchytrismoi: inhumation inside a terracotta vase

  • fibula, (pl.)

    fibulae: in ancient Greek dress a brooch or pin used to fasten garments

  • fossa, (pl.)

    fossae: a rectangular trench grave surrounded by a shallow ledge to support stone cover slabs or terracotta roof tiles

  • guttus, (pl.)

    gutti: an oil-related vessel that is essentially a “flatter” askos with a single ring-handle that is set off to one side and perpendicular to the mouth

  • hoplite:

    a heavily armed infantry soldier of an ancient Greek city

  • hydria, (pl.)

    hydriai: a water jar that is typically round-bodied with a narrow neck and a flat-disk mouth; it has three handles—two for carrying and one for pouring

  • hypogeic cella, (pl.)

    hypogeic cellae: an underground chamber tomb built of stone slabs; also referred to as a hypogeic cell tomb

  • insula, (pl.)

    insulae: an urban block of an ancient Roman city

  • kantharos, (pl.)

    kantharoi: a drinking cup with tall vertical handles

  • katabasis:

    a descent to the Underworld made by a mortal

  • katadesmos, (pl.)

    katadesmoi: binding spells written on small, thin sheets of lead that were sometimes pierced with a nail; often called curse tablets

  • kioniskos, (pl.)

    kioniskoi: a short, plain column often used as a grave marker

  • kline, (pl.)

    klinai: a bed, couch, or bier

  • kore, (pl.)

    kourai: a girl or maiden

  • kouros, (pl.)

    kouroi: a boy or youth

  • kourotrophos, (pl.)

    kourotrophoi: meaning “child nurturer,” it is often used to describe a depiction of a female who nurses and/or holds an infant

  • krater, (pl.)

    kraters: a large vase with a wide mouth, used to mix wine with water

  • kylix, (pl.)

    kylikes: a wide, shallow-bowled drinking vessel with horizontal handles

  • larnax, (pl.)

    larnakes: a terracotta chest

  • lebes gamikos, (pl.)

    lebetes gamikoi: a deep bowl on a stand, with upright handles, a lid, and a distinct neck; it was often made in one piece with the stand and typically associated with marriage rituals

  • (p.233) lekythos, (pl.)

    lekythoi: an oil vessel that is approximately 15 cm tall and has an oval body, short neck, angular shoulder, narrow round mouth, strong lip, and one handle

  • loutrophoros, (pl.)

    loutrophoroi: an ovoid-bodied vessel with a tall neck and two or three handles; used for carrying and storing water and often associated with marriage and funerary rituals

  • naiskos, (pl.)

    naiskoi: a small shrine with a temple façade, specifically two Ionic columns supporting a pediment

  • necropolis, (pl.)

    necropoleis: the cemetery of an ancient Greek city

  • nymphaion, (pl.)

    nymphaia: a monument or shine consecrated to the nymphs, who in ancient Greek mythology are minor goddesses of nature

  • oikist, (pl.)

    oikists: a founder of an ancient Greek colony

  • oinochoe, (pl.)

    oinochoai: a pouring vessel that typically has an ovoid body, a wide-ish neck, and a trefoil mouth

  • olpe, (pl.)

    olpai: a pouring vessel that is tall, round-mouthed, and potted with a continuous curve

  • peribolos, (pl.)

    periboloi: a court surrounded by a wall, usually with religious or sacred significance

  • perideipnon:

    a meal that takes place immediately after an ancient Greek funeral

  • phiale, (pl.)

    phialai: a shallow, handleless dish used for pouring libations

  • pithos, (pl.)

    pithoi: a large earthenware jar with a wide mouth, used to store liquids or grains; sometimes used as a burial container for the dead

  • plateia, (pl.)

    plateiai: a main street in an ancient Greek city

  • polis, (pl.)

    poleis: a Greek city-state

  • pronaos:

    the inner area of the portico of an ancient Greek temple that is situated between the colonnade and the cella walls, often described as the front porch

  • prothesis:

    the first phase of an ancient Greek funeral consisting of the laying out of the deceased

  • Pythia:

    the prophetic priestess of Apollo at Delphi; also called the Oracle of Delphi

  • pyxis, (pl.)

    pyxides: round, mostly handleless boxes with lids; often used by women to hold jewelry, trinkets, or cosmetics

  • psyche, (pl.)

    psychai: the soul, or life source, of the body

  • rhyton, (pl.)

    rhyta: a drinking cup in the shape of a horn or an animal head

  • (p.234) sarcophagus, (pl.)

    sarcophagi: a coffin that is monolithic, terracotta, or made of stone slabs

  • sema, (pl.)

    semata: the general ancient Greek term for a funerary monument

  • sigillata, (pl.)

    sigillatae: also referred to as terra sigillata, which means “sealed or slipped clay,” it is a type of Roman pottery that was standardized and mass produced

  • skyphos, (pl.)

    skyphoi: a drinking vessel with a deeper bowl than the kylix, horizontal handles, and a short, everted lip

  • stamnos, (pl.)

    stamnoi: a two-handled, broad-shouldered, round-shaped vessel with a low foot and a low neck; used to store and serve liquids

  • stele, (pl.)

    stelai: an upright stone slab that serves as a monument or a marker, often bearing an inscription or design

  • stenopos, (pl.)

    stenopoi: a narrow street or lane in an ancient Greek city

  • stoa, (pl.)

    stoai: a covered portico, or walkway, for public usage

  • strigil, (pl.)

    strigils: a small, curved, metal tool used by athletes and bathers to scrape dirt and sweat from the body

  • symposion, (pl.)

    symposia: an elite male drinking party

  • temenos, (pl.)

    temenoi: a sacred precinct that is dedicated to a deity and often surrounded by a wall

  • theorodokos, (pl.)

    theorodokoi: an official appointed by an ancient Greek city to receive sacred envoys

  • trapeza, (pl.)

    trapezai: a low table typically used as a grave marker

  • tymbos, (pl.)

    tymboi: a burial mound; also called a tumulus

  • unguentarium, (pl.)

    unguentaria: a slender oil vessel with a bulbous body and a narrow neck that lacks a handle, a developed base, and a developed mouth