Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Bioarchaeology of Classical KamarinaLife and Death in Greek Sicily$

Carrie L. Sulosky Weaver

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813061122

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813061122.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use (for details see http://www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 20 June 2018

(p.231) Glossary

(p.231) Glossary

Bioarchaeology of Classical Kamarina
University Press of Florida

  • a cappuccina, (pl.)

    a cappuccine: a burial container constructed of roof tiles

  • agora, (pl.)

    agorai: the central gathering place in an ancient Greek city; it was the center of the athletic, artistic, spiritual, and political life of the city

  • akontist:

    a javelin thrower

  • alabastron, (pl.)

    alabastra: a handleless long-bodied vessel with a flat-disk mouth and a rounded bottom; used for holding oil

  • ambitus, (pl.)

    ambitus: an alley in an ancient Greek city

  • amphora, (pl.)

    amphorai: a tall, two-handled pot with a neck that is significantly narrower than its body; primarily used for transporting and storing wine and oil

  • amphoriskos, (pl.)

    amphoriskoi: a diminutive amphora used for holding oil

  • ampulla, (pl.)

    ampullae: a small oil flask or bottle with a globular body, narrow neck, and two handles

  • apotropaic:

    supposedly having the power to avert evil influences or bad luck

  • aryballos, (pl.)

    aryballoi: an oil-related vessel, often associated with athletes and bathers, that varies greatly in size and shape; a typical example stands 7 to 8 cm tall, has a rounded body, a bell-shaped mouth, and either a flat or rounded bottom; it can be one-handled, two-handled, or without handles

  • askos, (pl.)

    askoi: an oil-related vessel that is wider than it is tall

  • cella, (pl.)

    cellae: the inner room or sanctuary of an ancient Greek temple that housed the cult statue of the god to whom the temple was dedicated

  • chora, (pl.)

    chorai: rural territory of the an ancient Greek polis that lay outside the city proper

  • chous, (pl.)

    choës: a pouring vessel with a plump shape, smooth profile, and trefoil mouth; miniature versions are often associated with children

  • chytra, (pl.)

    chytrai: a cooking pot that is deep and often globular; resembles a modern stewpot

  • (p.232) cippus, (pl.)

    cippi: a small stone pillar, either square or round, that often bears an inscription and is used as a marker for graves, boundaries, distances, etc.

  • eidolon, (pl.)

    eidola: a phantom human image sometimes described as a shade or shadow

  • ekphora:

    the procession in an ancient Greek funeral

  • enchytrismos, (pl.)

    enchytrismoi: inhumation inside a terracotta vase

  • fibula, (pl.)

    fibulae: in ancient Greek dress a brooch or pin used to fasten garments

  • fossa, (pl.)

    fossae: a rectangular trench grave surrounded by a shallow ledge to support stone cover slabs or terracotta roof tiles

  • guttus, (pl.)

    gutti: an oil-related vessel that is essentially a “flatter” askos with a single ring-handle that is set off to one side and perpendicular to the mouth

  • hoplite:

    a heavily armed infantry soldier of an ancient Greek city

  • hydria, (pl.)

    hydriai: a water jar that is typically round-bodied with a narrow neck and a flat-disk mouth; it has three handles—two for carrying and one for pouring

  • hypogeic cella, (pl.)

    hypogeic cellae: an underground chamber tomb built of stone slabs; also referred to as a hypogeic cell tomb

  • insula, (pl.)

    insulae: an urban block of an ancient Roman city

  • kantharos, (pl.)

    kantharoi: a drinking cup with tall vertical handles

  • katabasis:

    a descent to the Underworld made by a mortal

  • katadesmos, (pl.)

    katadesmoi: binding spells written on small, thin sheets of lead that were sometimes pierced with a nail; often called curse tablets

  • kioniskos, (pl.)

    kioniskoi: a short, plain column often used as a grave marker

  • kline, (pl.)

    klinai: a bed, couch, or bier

  • kore, (pl.)

    kourai: a girl or maiden

  • kouros, (pl.)

    kouroi: a boy or youth

  • kourotrophos, (pl.)

    kourotrophoi: meaning “child nurturer,” it is often used to describe a depiction of a female who nurses and/or holds an infant

  • krater, (pl.)

    kraters: a large vase with a wide mouth, used to mix wine with water

  • kylix, (pl.)

    kylikes: a wide, shallow-bowled drinking vessel with horizontal handles

  • larnax, (pl.)

    larnakes: a terracotta chest

  • lebes gamikos, (pl.)

    lebetes gamikoi: a deep bowl on a stand, with upright handles, a lid, and a distinct neck; it was often made in one piece with the stand and typically associated with marriage rituals

  • (p.233) lekythos, (pl.)

    lekythoi: an oil vessel that is approximately 15 cm tall and has an oval body, short neck, angular shoulder, narrow round mouth, strong lip, and one handle

  • loutrophoros, (pl.)

    loutrophoroi: an ovoid-bodied vessel with a tall neck and two or three handles; used for carrying and storing water and often associated with marriage and funerary rituals

  • naiskos, (pl.)

    naiskoi: a small shrine with a temple façade, specifically two Ionic columns supporting a pediment

  • necropolis, (pl.)

    necropoleis: the cemetery of an ancient Greek city

  • nymphaion, (pl.)

    nymphaia: a monument or shine consecrated to the nymphs, who in ancient Greek mythology are minor goddesses of nature

  • oikist, (pl.)

    oikists: a founder of an ancient Greek colony

  • oinochoe, (pl.)

    oinochoai: a pouring vessel that typically has an ovoid body, a wide-ish neck, and a trefoil mouth

  • olpe, (pl.)

    olpai: a pouring vessel that is tall, round-mouthed, and potted with a continuous curve

  • peribolos, (pl.)

    periboloi: a court surrounded by a wall, usually with religious or sacred significance

  • perideipnon:

    a meal that takes place immediately after an ancient Greek funeral

  • phiale, (pl.)

    phialai: a shallow, handleless dish used for pouring libations

  • pithos, (pl.)

    pithoi: a large earthenware jar with a wide mouth, used to store liquids or grains; sometimes used as a burial container for the dead

  • plateia, (pl.)

    plateiai: a main street in an ancient Greek city

  • polis, (pl.)

    poleis: a Greek city-state

  • pronaos:

    the inner area of the portico of an ancient Greek temple that is situated between the colonnade and the cella walls, often described as the front porch

  • prothesis:

    the first phase of an ancient Greek funeral consisting of the laying out of the deceased

  • Pythia:

    the prophetic priestess of Apollo at Delphi; also called the Oracle of Delphi

  • pyxis, (pl.)

    pyxides: round, mostly handleless boxes with lids; often used by women to hold jewelry, trinkets, or cosmetics

  • psyche, (pl.)

    psychai: the soul, or life source, of the body

  • rhyton, (pl.)

    rhyta: a drinking cup in the shape of a horn or an animal head

  • (p.234) sarcophagus, (pl.)

    sarcophagi: a coffin that is monolithic, terracotta, or made of stone slabs

  • sema, (pl.)

    semata: the general ancient Greek term for a funerary monument

  • sigillata, (pl.)

    sigillatae: also referred to as terra sigillata, which means “sealed or slipped clay,” it is a type of Roman pottery that was standardized and mass produced

  • skyphos, (pl.)

    skyphoi: a drinking vessel with a deeper bowl than the kylix, horizontal handles, and a short, everted lip

  • stamnos, (pl.)

    stamnoi: a two-handled, broad-shouldered, round-shaped vessel with a low foot and a low neck; used to store and serve liquids

  • stele, (pl.)

    stelai: an upright stone slab that serves as a monument or a marker, often bearing an inscription or design

  • stenopos, (pl.)

    stenopoi: a narrow street or lane in an ancient Greek city

  • stoa, (pl.)

    stoai: a covered portico, or walkway, for public usage

  • strigil, (pl.)

    strigils: a small, curved, metal tool used by athletes and bathers to scrape dirt and sweat from the body

  • symposion, (pl.)

    symposia: an elite male drinking party

  • temenos, (pl.)

    temenoi: a sacred precinct that is dedicated to a deity and often surrounded by a wall

  • theorodokos, (pl.)

    theorodokoi: an official appointed by an ancient Greek city to receive sacred envoys

  • trapeza, (pl.)

    trapezai: a low table typically used as a grave marker

  • tymbos, (pl.)

    tymboi: a burial mound; also called a tumulus

  • unguentarium, (pl.)

    unguentaria: a slender oil vessel with a bulbous body and a narrow neck that lacks a handle, a developed base, and a developed mouth