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The Archaeology of EthnogenesisRace and Sexuality in Colonial San Francisco$
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Barbara L. Voss

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813061252

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813061252.001.0001

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Spanish-Colonial San Francisco

Spanish-Colonial San Francisco

Chapter:
(p.41) 2 Spanish-Colonial San Francisco
Source:
The Archaeology of Ethnogenesis
Author(s):

Barbara L. Voss

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813061252.003.0002

The Presidio of San Francisco, a Spanish colonial military settlement, was established on July 26, 1776 by a caravan of 193 men, women, and children who had traveled overland from Tubac, Arizona. In less than one short year, the San Francisco Bay area was transformed from the homeland of the Ohlone Native Californians into a landscape dominated by colonial institutions. The Presidio of San Francisco was the seat of colonial government and military activity. Six religious missions, staffed by Franciscan priests and colonial soldiers, were founded to aggregate Native Californians into centralized settlements and convert them to Christianity. Civilian pueblos served as centers of agricultural and craft production. The small community of military settlers at the Presidio of San Francisco was instrumental in establishing this network of colonial institutions that exerted control over indigenous peoples and their lands.

Keywords:   Spanish colonial, San Francisco, Native Californian, Ohlone, Presidio, Mission, Pueblo, Institutions

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