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Bones of ComplexityBioarchaeological Case Studies of Social Organization and Skeletal Biology$
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Haagen D. Klaus, Amanda R. Harvey, and Mark N. Cohen

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780813062235

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813062235.001.0001

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Status-Based Differences in Health in the Late Prehistoric East Tennessee

Status-Based Differences in Health in the Late Prehistoric East Tennessee

Chapter:
(p.309) 12 Status-Based Differences in Health in the Late Prehistoric East Tennessee
Source:
Bones of Complexity
Author(s):

Tracy K. Betsinger

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813062235.003.0012

Late prehistoric eastern Tennessee polities provide a setting to examine relationships between biological stress and increasing emphasis on intensive maize agriculture, sedentism, population size, and differential access to protein-based dietary resources. This chapter compares bioarchaeological patterns between two Mississippian palisaded sites in Eastern Tennessee during the local Dallas Phase, A.D. 1300–1500. Toqua was a multi-mound center likely home to the main chief or chiefs of the region, while Citico was a smaller, palisaded locale with a single mound. Statistically significant patterns demonstrate that non-elites from Toqua possessed higher prevalence of all stress markers. Sex-based divisions are also noted in their mortuary program, with males typically interred in mounds and women in the village; Betsinger attributes this to simultaneous heterarchical expressions of different activity spheres. Further, there are few biological disparities between elite and non-elite females, which is considered the result of elite-sponsored, male-centered feasting that drove expressions of inequality during the twilight of the Mississippian era.

Keywords:   Toqua, Citico, Dallas Phase

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