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Bones of ComplexityBioarchaeological Case Studies of Social Organization and Skeletal Biology$
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Haagen D. Klaus, Amanda R. Harvey, and Mark N. Cohen

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780813062235

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813062235.001.0001

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Stature at Tikal Revisited

Stature at Tikal Revisited

Chapter:
(p.52) 3 Stature at Tikal Revisited
Source:
Bones of Complexity
Author(s):

Lori E. Wright

Mario A. Vásquez

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813062235.003.0003

Lori Wright and Mario Vásquez take a new look at William Haviland’s classic (1967) study to reexamine stature variation at the Maya center of Tikal, Guatemala, spanning the Preclassic through the Terminal Classic periods (1 B.C.–A.D. 950). They also include new samples and stable isotope data to develop an understanding of temporal and social variation in Maya growth processes. The results demonstrate that archaeological distinctions between elites and commoners are associated with weak overall correlations between hierarchy and stature. Still, significantly shorter women are found in mid- and low status domestic settings that correlate to isotopic indications of poorer nutrition and stunted growth. Tentatively, middle and lower status male stature may have declined slightly over the span of Tikal’s history, perhaps indicating subtly declining nutrition as Classic Maya society peaked and faded.

Keywords:   Maya, Tikal, Guatemala, nutrition

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