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Bones of ComplexityBioarchaeological Case Studies of Social Organization and Skeletal Biology$
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Haagen D. Klaus, Amanda R. Harvey, and Mark N. Cohen

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780813062235

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813062235.001.0001

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The Bioarchaeology of Early Social Complexity in Bronze Age Spain

The Bioarchaeology of Early Social Complexity in Bronze Age Spain

Skeletal Biology and Mortuary Patterns in the El Argar Culture

Chapter:
(p.207) 8 The Bioarchaeology of Early Social Complexity in Bronze Age Spain
Source:
Bones of Complexity
Author(s):

Sylvia A. Jiménez-Brobeil

María G. Roca

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813062235.003.0008

From ca. 2200 to 1430 B.C., the people at Cerro de la Encina participated in the El Argar culture of Bronze Age Europe, which was an emergent state-level society defined by rather clear sociopolitical class divisions, settlement hierarchies, and gendered differentiation in mortuary treatments. The authors describe health variation and social status in a small sample of 30 individuals and aim to overcome this issue via cross-contextual comparisons of multiple lines of evidence including funerary treatment. The authors find that nearly all signs of elevated morbidity correlate to individuals in lower status funerary contexts. This chapter sheds new light on the potential biocultural consequences of emergent sociopolitical hierarchy in Spain and proposes new questions and research agendas for the bioarchaeology of Bronze Age Western Europe.

Keywords:   Bronze Age Europe, El Argar culture, emergent state, emergent sociopolitical hierarchy

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