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Bones of ComplexityBioarchaeological Case Studies of Social Organization and Skeletal Biology$
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Haagen D. Klaus, Amanda R. Harvey, and Mark N. Cohen

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780813062235

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813062235.001.0001

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The Pigi Athinas Tumuli Cemetery of Macedonian Olympus

The Pigi Athinas Tumuli Cemetery of Macedonian Olympus

Burial Customs and the Bioarchaeology of Social Structures at the Dawn of the Late Bronze Age, Central Macedonia, Greece

Chapter:
(p.224) 9 The Pigi Athinas Tumuli Cemetery of Macedonian Olympus
Source:
Bones of Complexity
Author(s):

Paraskevi Tritsaroli

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813062235.003.0009

The Middle-Late Bronze Age (1620–1500 B.C.) was a period of emerging and intensifying social complexity involving small-scale settlement hierarchies, but the archaeological understanding of social organization at this time has remained limited. In a comparative case study of funerary treatment and skeletal biology, the authors consider the distribution of multiple skeletal pathological conditions between distinct tumuli-style burials at Pigi Athinas. Though social rank may have started to displace the centrality of kinship, subtle variations in both funerary and bioarchaeological data indicated the most important structuring factors were sex and age distinctions. Over time, the influence of differential diets, divisions of gender, and ritual feasting appear as the people participated in a widespread Mycenaean system that shaped both gender and health in ancient Greece.

Keywords:   Middle-Late Bronze Age, ancient Greece, gender

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