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Darwin's Man in BrazilThe Evolving Science of Fritz Müller$
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David A. West

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813062600

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813062600.001.0001

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A Broadening Recognition, 1863–1876

A Broadening Recognition, 1863–1876

(p.87) 4 A Broadening Recognition, 1863–1876
Darwin's Man in Brazil

David A. West

University Press of Florida

Chapter 4 documents Müller’s growing reputation among biological experts, focusing on Ernst Haeckel, Charles Darwin, and Alexander Agassiz. In Generelle Morphologie (1866), Haeckel utilized considerable material from Für Darwin but misinterpreted it with regard to crustacean phylogeny and its implicit criticisms of Haeckel’s biogenetic law. Müller argued that natural selection can alter every stage of development, thus invalidating the claim that ontogeny exactly recapitulates phylogeny. Darwin immediately incorporated material from Müller’s publications and correspondence into his publications (e.g., into six chapters of the fourth edition of Origin). Darwin understood most of Müller’s views and arguments, including the arguments against Haeckel’s biogenetic law. Their collaboration by correspondence continued until Darwin’s death, leading to major improvements in both men’s research and publications. Müller’s 1863–1868 correspondence with Alexander Agassiz persuaded Agassiz to part with his father Louis’s creationist stance.

Keywords:   reputation, Ernst Haeckel, biogenetic law, ontogeny, phylogeny, Alexander Agassiz, correspondence, Charles Darwin

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