Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Darwin's Man in BrazilThe Evolving Science of Fritz Müller$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

David A. West

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813062600

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813062600.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use (for details see www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 20 October 2018

Lepidopteran Scent and Mimicry, 1870–1883

Lepidopteran Scent and Mimicry, 1870–1883

(p.158) 8 Lepidopteran Scent and Mimicry, 1870–1883
Darwin's Man in Brazil

David A. West

University Press of Florida

Müller is now known only as the discoverer of Müllerian mimicry. That discovery stems from extensive comparative study of butterfly species and builds on the finding that small male-only structures are glands producing scents attractive to conspecific females. These diverse structures, Müller argued, exemplify convergent evolution, not homology. Other scent glands, found in both sexes, produce noxious odors. These, he argued, are defense mechanisms; predators learn to avoid noxious prey. Furthermore, noxious species from widely separated genera mimic each other’s markings (both color and pattern). Müllerian mimicry differs from Batesian mimicry, in which palatable species mimic noxious species. In Müllerian mimicry, all species “profit” because predators need the same number of trials to learn to avoid the Müllerian mimics as is required for them to learn to avoid one species. Müller explained Batesian and Müllerian mimicry via natural selection, but his causal mechanisms were not appreciated until the mid-twentieth century.

Keywords:   butterfly, scent glands, convergent evolution, Batesian mimicry, Müllerian mimicry, natural selection

Florida Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .