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Paleoindian Societies of the Coastal Southeast$
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James S. Dunbar

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813062686

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813062686.001.0001

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Habitat, Resource, and Subsistence

Habitat, Resource, and Subsistence

Chapter:
(p.164) 5 Habitat, Resource, and Subsistence
Source:
Paleoindian Societies of the Coastal Southeast
Author(s):

James S. Dunbar

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813062686.003.0005

Habitat is an ecological or environmental area inhabited by a particular species of animal, plant, or other organism. During the late Pleistocene, the Southeast Coastal Plain hosted an unusual mix of fauna, including abundant Nearctic (North American) species as well as numerous Neotropical species (Central and South American) representing an assemblage that no longer exists. Today, although some Neotropical species still exist in Florida, the numbers pale in comparison to the richness and abundance of species during the Pleistocene. There are many ways to look at the Southeast’s Pleistocene biodiversity and the habitats that supported it. In chapter 5, we consider (1) possible habitat disruptions and extinctions caused by iceberg invasions off the South Carolina Coast; (2) animal diet and paleontological morphometrics evidence as it relates to mammal adaptation; (3) mammals as landscape modifiers and what happens when they aren’t present to make such modifications; and (4) environmental proxy data as a means to determine habitat change. One way to evaluate human and prey animal interactions is to consider resource availability, especially as it intersects the need for resource acquisition. Even in the knowledge that zooarchaeological analysis of Paleoindian fauna consumption is lacking in Paleoindian archaeology, chapter 5 closes on considerations of human subsistence and the promise of zooarchaeological analyses to provide a more complete picture in future studies.

Keywords:   habitat, Nearctic, Neotropical, animal, diet, adaptation, landscape, resource, availability, subsistence, zooarchaeology

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