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Paleoindian Societies of the Coastal Southeast$
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James S. Dunbar

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813062686

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813062686.001.0001

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Artifacts and Technology

Artifacts and Technology

Chapter:
(p.187) 6 Artifacts and Technology
Source:
Paleoindian Societies of the Coastal Southeast
Author(s):

James S. Dunbar

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813062686.003.0006

Within the contexts examined in previous chapters, chapter 6 considers artifacts and the technology involved in their manufacture. Of particular importance to this discussion is the concept of “mental templates.” Artifact types can be thought of as combinations of favored ways of tool-making. Tool types correspond to particular uses, though some tools in some circumstances may be manufactured with multiple uses in mind. Paleoindian tools were not the result of the maker’s randomly beating on a piece of rock or haphazardly carving a piece of ivory or bone. There were standards for and systems of tool manufacture that aligned with what a culture perceived as the toolset for sustaining itself successfully. This mental template was passed from one generation to the next and modified as necessity dictated. From the perspective of the mental template theory, chapter 6 offers a revised typology for Paleoindian stone, bone, and ivory tools. At the same time, the chapter consider proxy evidence to posit that tools and mechanisms not yet found in the archaeological record did, in all likelihood, exist.

Keywords:   technology, manufacture, methods, mental template, typology, artifacts, types, tools

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