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Disease and DiscriminationPoverty and Pestilence in Colonial Atlantic America$
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Dale L. Hutchinson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813062693

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813062693.001.0001

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Measured Lands and Multitudes

Measured Lands and Multitudes

Chapter:
(p.151) 9 Measured Lands and Multitudes
Source:
Disease and Discrimination
Author(s):

Dale L. Hutchinson

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813062693.003.0009

Large urban centers on the northern Atlantic coast replicated the problems of urban centers of the Old World. Pressed into crowded corners, most people were confined to substandard housing and living conditions. Hygiene was a problem in the early cities no matter what class marked your social and economic status. In the cities, multiple ethnic groups struggled to earn a living away from the lands of their origin. This chapter presents discussions on the role that increased immigration, mercantile transportation, aggregated housing, commercial enterprises, and issues with sanitary waste created new disease environments for such diseases as typhoid, cholera, measles, and several winter fevers (e.g., influenza, diphtheria, scarlet fever). Historic documents, architectural information, and human skeletal analyses provide the data used in this chapter, concentrating on the southern port of Charleston and the northern ports of New York and Philadelphia.

Keywords:   Urban, New York, Philadelphia, Immigrant, Cholera

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