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Gathering at Silver GlenCommunity and History in Late Archaic Florida$
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Zackary I. Gilmore

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813062716

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813062716.001.0001

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Pottery Provenance and the Social Scale of Silver Glen’s Orange Period Gatherings

Pottery Provenance and the Social Scale of Silver Glen’s Orange Period Gatherings

(p.173) 5 Pottery Provenance and the Social Scale of Silver Glen’s Orange Period Gatherings
Gathering at Silver Glen

Zackary I. Gilmore

University Press of Florida

Chapter 5 presents data related to the chemical and mineralogical sourcing of Orange pottery from Silver Glen. Pottery samples from the complex and clay reference samples from throughout Florida and southern Georgia were subjected to both NAA and petrographic analysis. These analyses were designed to reveal the geographic origins of Orange vessels from Silver Glen and, by extension, the scales and orientations of the Late Archaic gatherings that took place there. The chemical data obtained via NAA provide compelling evidence that the complex’s shell mounds drew in people and pots from diverse locations, including some from more than 200 km to the southwest. The same data indicate a more limited range of participants in the activities that occurred in nonmound contexts and suggest that they were all relatively local in scope. These results are largely corroborated by petrographic data obtained from pottery and clay thin sections. As with the chemical analysis, the thin section data show that the highest diversity in naturally-occurring aplastics and culturally-added tempers occurs in pottery assemblages from the two mounds. While less conclusive in terms of linking pots to a specific source location, the petrographic results are entirely consistent with the provenance determinations made using NAA.

Keywords:   pottery provenance, neutron activation analysis (NAA), petrography, shell mounds, Orange pottery

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