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Ritual and Archaic States$
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Joanne M.A. Murphy

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813062785

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813062785.001.0001

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Feasting and Burials on the Peruvian Central Coast at the Onset of the Middle Horizon

Feasting and Burials on the Peruvian Central Coast at the Onset of the Middle Horizon

Chapter:
(p.100) 5 Feasting and Burials on the Peruvian Central Coast at the Onset of the Middle Horizon
Source:
Ritual and Archaic States
Author(s):

Giancarlo Marcone

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813062785.003.0005

Drawing from ethnohistorical sources, many Andean scholars have modeled Inca expansion as a highly ritualized political process, with feasting and ritual performance as its principal components. This model was long projected onto all Andean societies on the assumption that feasting activities were similarly important and played similar political roles across societies over time. Other voices have proposed that burial practices and ancestor veneration were also of central political importance in the Andean states’ expansionist projects. Ancestor veneration was thought to be the ideological base that upheld these entire systems. Increasingly, however, new voices are proposing that ancestor veneration and burial practices need to be understood in relation to feasting practices. It is only in this relational way that we can fully understand their political and social meanings. In chapter 5, Flores proposes that this is particularly true in cases where local communities interact with expansionist polities. He argues, based on evidence from Lote B, a small rural settlement in the Lurín Valley, that the increase of feasting activities is related to the suppression of funerary practices or vice-versa. This inverse correlation not only informs us about the nature of an expansionist project but also about the compromise that takes place between local communities and expansionist polities in turn.

Keywords:   Lote B, Lurín Valley, Andean societies, Andean states, ancestor, feasting, burial practice, funerary practice, expansionism, expansionist politics

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