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Perspectives on the Ancient Maya of Chetumal Bay$
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Debra S. Walker

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813062792

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813062792.001.0001

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Economic Implications of Mano and Metate Use at Cerro Maya, Belize

Economic Implications of Mano and Metate Use at Cerro Maya, Belize

(p.264) 14 Economic Implications of Mano and Metate Use at Cerro Maya, Belize
Perspectives on the Ancient Maya of Chetumal Bay

Lisa G. Duffy

University Press of Florida

This chapter examines use wear on the Cerro Maya collection of manos and metates to investigate what materials were processed on them. Maize processing is generally presumed to be the primary function of ancient Maya manos and metates; however, analysis suggests that these implements were also used to prepare a variety of other products. Use wear analysis documents that a reciprocal, back-and-forth grinding motion is the most efficient way to process maize. However, nonreciprocal rotary movements are also associated with some types of ground stone tools used for nonmaize products. Results of the analysis indicate that a broader range of foods were processed in the Late Preclassic era while maize grinding was the use for manos and metates in Terminal Classic and Postclassic times.

Keywords:   mano, metate, maize processing, use wear analysis, Cerro Maya

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