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The Powhatan LandscapeAn Archaeological History of the Algonquian Chesapeake$
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Martin D. Gallivan

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813062860

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813062860.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use (for details see http://www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 18 June 2018

Mapping the Terrain

Mapping the Terrain

(p.24) Chapter 2 Mapping the Terrain
The Powhatan Landscape

Martin D. Gallivan

Victor D. Thompson

University Press of Florida

Chapter 2 considers the ways that Virginia Algonquian communities constructed places and made history, beginning with disparate and contradictory representations of the Chesapeake found in colonial-era maps. These include the Map of Virginia and the Zuñiga chart, both produced by English sources. Native mapping practices appear in Powhatan’s Mantle and in a divination ceremony performed by Pamunkey priests. These contrasting cartographic depictions of the Chesapeake colonial landscape highlight the distinct icons and tropes through which Natives and newcomers represented the Chesapeake region. While Virginia’s colonial historiography typically foregrounds early encounters understood from the perspective of English and Powhatan leaders, these maps illustrate how Tsenacomacoh’s past may be understood as a longer and deeper narrative keyed to geographic spaces, meaningful places, and a broadly inclusive notion of landscape.

Keywords:   cartography, colonial maps, Map of Virginia, Zuñiga chart, Powhatan’s Mantle, divination ceremony, spatial representations

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