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The Powhatan LandscapeAn Archaeological History of the Algonquian Chesapeake$
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Martin D. Gallivan

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813062860

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813062860.001.0001

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The Coarse-Pounded Corn People

The Coarse-Pounded Corn People

(p.104) Chapter 5 The Coarse-Pounded Corn People
The Powhatan Landscape

Martin D. Gallivan

Victor D. Thompson

University Press of Florida

Chapter 5 focuses on archaeological investigations along the Chickahominy River and a history of residential settlements, subsistence practices, and burial grounds during the Middle to Late Woodland transition. In the sixth century A.D., Native communities living along the Chickahominy River began to bury the deceased in communal burial grounds (ossuaries) located in the drainage’s swampy interior. During the Late Woodland period, new places were established along the Chickahominy with the construction of dispersed farmsteads, burial grounds, and a palisaded compound. In this history of placemaking we see evidence of the spatial practices whereby forager-fishers became the Chickahominy. As is apparent from colonial accounts of the Chickahominy, the “coarse-pounded corn people,” a horticultural economy was a part of this ethnogenetic process. Bioarchaeological study of skeletal remains from the Chickahominy, including stable isotope analysis, provides a basis for considering the history of maize-based horticulture in the region.

Keywords:   Chickahominy, ethnogenesis, ossuaries, subsistence, bioarchaeology, stable isotope analysis, horticulture, maize

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