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Cuban Archaeology in the Caribbean$
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Ivan Roksandic

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400028

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400028.001.0001

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Isotopic Evidence of Variations in Subsistence Strategies and Food Consumption Patterns among “Fisher-Gatherer” Populations of Western Cuba

Isotopic Evidence of Variations in Subsistence Strategies and Food Consumption Patterns among “Fisher-Gatherer” Populations of Western Cuba

Chapter:
(p.125) 8 Isotopic Evidence of Variations in Subsistence Strategies and Food Consumption Patterns among “Fisher-Gatherer” Populations of Western Cuba
Source:
Cuban Archaeology in the Caribbean
Author(s):

Yadira Chinique de Armas

Mirjana Roksandic

Roberto Rodríguez Suárez

David G. Smith

William M. Buhay

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9781683400028.003.0009

The Archaic populations of Cuba have been classified as “fisher-gathers” without agriculture or pottery. The introduction of domesticates into the island has been associated with the arrival of Agroceramist groups. In this chapter, the analysis of stable isotopes of 13C and 15N on 63 adult individuals from four Archaic sites from western Cuba is used to reconstruct the diet of their respective populations. The results indicate two different food consumption patterns. While Canímar Abajo population had a mixed diet dependent on marine resources and C3/C4 plants; Guayabo Blanco, Cueva del Perico I and Cueva Calero relied mostly on terrestrial protein sources (probably consuming only C3plants). The results show cultural heterogeneity among populations that coexisted in the island, as the authors present a compelling evidence for differences in subsistence practices of temporally and spatially close communities and examine the notion of uniform “phases” of economic development, current in Cuban and Caribbean research.

Keywords:   Domesticates, Agroceramist, Canímar Abajo, Guayabo Blanco, Cueva del Perico I, Cueva Calero

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