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Harney FlatsA Florida Paleoindian Site$
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I. Randolph Daniel Jr. and Michael Wisenbaker

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400226

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400226.001.0001

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Artifact Analysis

Artifact Analysis

Chapter:
(p.41) Chapter 4 Artifact Analysis
Source:
Harney Flats
Author(s):

I. Randolph Daniel

Michael Wisenbaker

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9781683400226.003.0004

This chapter presents the results of the artifact analysis which consists almost exclusively of some 1,110 chipped stone tools and cores and several thousand pieces of stone debitage. Morphological and technological criteria were used to classify the assemblage into bifaces, unifaces, cores, hammerstones, and abraders. Toolstone appears to have been acquired locally from the abundant limestone replaced cherts available in the vicinity of Tampa Bay. An exception to this is the presence of four rather amorphous shaped “exotic” metamorphic rocks—presumably acquired from outside the state. The function of these artifacts is unclear but given their size and shape, three of them could have functioned as planes or abraders. The fourth specimen is too large to be hand-held but could have functioned as an anvil. The presence of these artifacts in the assemblage is an enigma, and it is speculated the stone arrived via interband exchange.

Keywords:   Bifaces, Unifaces, Cores, Hammerstones, Abraders, Chert, Interband exchange

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