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Harney FlatsA Florida Paleoindian Site$
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I. Randolph Daniel Jr. and Michael Wisenbaker

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400226

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400226.001.0001

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Developing Models of a Band Society

Developing Models of a Band Society

Chapter:
(p.162) Chapter 8 Developing Models of a Band Society
Source:
Harney Flats
Author(s):

I. Randolph Daniel

Michael Wisenbaker

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9781683400226.003.0008

Beginning with the assumption that Paleoindian peoples were organized into hunter-gatherers bands, archaeologists have developed prehistoric settlement models based upon ethnographically known hunter-gather groups. One such model created by Lewis Binford identified two general site types called base camps and work camps. Archaeologists have concluded that prehistoric hunter-gatherers exhibited a settlement mobility organized around resource zones such as rivers, waterholes, lakes, diverse ecotones (which provided a greater variety of plants and animals), and stone quarries from which they could obtain raw materials to fashion tools. We presume that the early prehistoric bands around Tampa Bay were territorial or at least occupied exclusive territories. Traditionally, the difference between Paleoindian and Archaic settlement patterns focused on the alleged readaptation that occurred between the Pleistocene and Holocene. More recently, though, Cleland’s focal/diffuse model notes a change from specialized adaptations geared toward similar resources to an economy focused on varied or scattered resources.

Keywords:   hunter-gatherers, settlement patterns, focal/diffuse model

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